– Online Reference and Index for artists, exhibition venues, and curators built on exhibition information of many decades

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Exhibition information as reference – Online Reference and Index for artists, exhibition venues, and curators built on exhibition information of many decades

To be part of the top 100 artists or exhibition venues is nice because everybody knows them.
But what about all others: Not only of the past few years, as well as for the past 120 years?
How to find them, and additional information on them?

Exhibition Information: Reference and Index

  Exhibitions and their published details are very much like a footprint a secure source.
Documenting this information from 1890 up to the present for artists, exhibition venues and curators alike, and making it searchable online with helps
A  To allocate and verify an artist and the artist’s identity across continents and decades, including alias names.
B  To find additional information on the artwork.
C  By digitizing the artists of an exhibition catalog provides for library and archive holdings worldwide the missing artist keyword index in their catalogs.
D  To find related content inside exhibition catalogs for details and valuable reviews on the artist’s work and profile in comparison to other artists, and the exhibition’s focus.
E  To find related information through the exhibition history, like e.g. all participants of a group exhibition.
F  To find information on the exhibition venue’s exhibition history and profile.
G  Authority information / related knowledge sources: is adding whenever possible to the profile of an artist, an exhibition venue, and a curator a link to their Wikipedia page and a link to their WorldCat-identity (based on VIAF or LCCN), or VIAF identity (Virtual International Authority File) page.

  To search an artist on and to find the artist’s documented exhibitions is a secure reference and starting point for research on artists, on curators, and on exhibition venues alike through the cross-linked information on
  In addition the documented exhibition information on offers much more than only finding an artist. The overview on group exhibitions and the participating artists, their exhibition history as well as the exhibition history of the gallery, museum or non-profit venue provides additional insight and helps to explore, analyze, discover, and develop.
  The success of an artist as well as of an exhibition venue is built on many years of hard work. You should revalue this effort by documenting it professionally online. Art professionals, academics, the press, curators, artists, galleries, museums, collectors and art lovers research on because it saves time through its unique structure.

Index for exhibition catalogs

  Looking up an exhibition catalog in a library or a bookshop will only work through the title and may be through the curator’s or the text author’s name. You will never find the complete list of all artists participating in a group exhibition, although it is important information for you and your research.
  Exhibitions documented with and like this searchable for the exhibition venue name, exhibition title and subtitle, the artists and curators are an important additional dimension to the existing artist CV or exhibition venue’s exhibition archive on their website. In most cases they only provide limited scope of information and time span.

‘All Exhibitions Update’

Contact us to review together with us your exhibition history and available sources. Take advantage on our flat rate of 580 € / 665 USD (net) for an ‘All Exhibitions Update’ on your page, for your complete timeline, from the opening up to the present.
  All our services can be found on our services page
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… more than 169,590 artists and 7.140 curators in 617.50ß shows (1890 – tomorrow) in 12.048 venues in 1.467 cities in 163 countries.

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Dreier Bequest Artist Update – G.M. (Georg Meyer?) is Gerd Meyer

Artists / Exhibition History / Gallery / History / Museum / Research
G.M. - Gerd Meyer

Dreier Bequest Artist Update – G.M. (Georg Meyer?) is Gerd Meyer

G M - Gerd MeyerGerd Meyer, signing with G M
(1894 Oldenburg – Delmenhorst 1987)
Also known as: Georg Bernhard Meyer; Gerd Meyer-Helldiek; Gert Meier; Gert Meyer

  The catalog raisonné of the Dreier Bequest at Yale University mentions an exhibition at the Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston [YSA 51], 06.09.–02.10.1949, showing among the 50 artists as well the work of G.M. (Georg Meyer?). See exhibitions list below.
  The text about the artist G.M. (Georg Meyer?) in the catalog raisonné states that Katherine Sophie Dreier bought seven watercolors of this artist in Bremen in 1930 from the ‘Galerie Moderne Kunst’. It is a correction of her notice in the 1950 catalogue, where Galerie Linne, Bremen, is mentioned as source.
  The artist G.M. (Georg Meyer?) is Gerd Meyer, born in Oldenburg on November 28, 1894. He became citizen of Bremen June 11, 1920. He died in Delmenhorst August 29, 1987. [Jürgen Weichardt: Biographie von Georg Bernhard (Gerd) Meyer; in: Biographisches Handbuch zur Geschichte des Landes Oldenburg; Ed. Hans Friedl, et al; Oldenburg 1992, ISBN 3-89442-135-5, page 456-457]

Gerd Meyer in ‘Thieme/Becker & Hans Vollmer’

  Following the kind notice of Kevin Fickert (Library Kunsthalle Bremen, contact through Bettina Brach, Weserburg | Museum für moderne Kunst, Bremen) the artist G. M., active in Bremen, is listed in ‘Thieme/Becker-Hans Vollmer Allgemeines Lexikon der bildenden Künstler des XX. Jahrhunderts’, Leipzig 1956, vol. 3, p. 382 (Verlag E.A. Seemann, Leipzig, 1999) as Gerd Meyer:
Meyer, Gerd, dtsch. Maler, *28.11.1894 Oldenburg i.O., ansässig in Bremen.
Stud. Bei R. tom Diek [Richard tom Dieck] in Oldenburg. Hauptsächl. Stilleben u. Landschaften. Begann als Impressionist, später abstrakt. Im Folkwang-Mus. Essen: Vorfrühling in Achterdiek. Koll.Ausst. 1924 in der Kestner-Ges. Hannover. Lit.: Dreßler [Willy Oskar Dressler]. – D. Bild (Karlsr.), 4 (1934) 318ff., m. Abb. – D. Cicerone, 16, (1924) 469.”

  For the Kestner-Gesellschaft group exhibition in March 1924 see below the exhibition history details of Gerd Meyer.

About Galerie Linne / Linne, Ziegert & Co., Bremen

  According to the catalog raisonné (Yales University Art Museum, 1984, p. 455) Katherine Dreier says she bought the seven watercolors in 1930 from a young man with the name Linne, who had opened a small gallery for watercolors, sketches, and graphic art.
  Only the Bremen 1924 registry knows a ‘Linne, Ziegert & Co.’, Kunst- und Buchhandlung, owned by Ferdinand Adolph Linne and Otto Erich Ziegert & Co. (no details on ‘Co.’ partners), Kohlhökerstraße 14, Bremen. The gallery closes for good September 30, 1924.
  Ferdinand Adolph Linne (Bremen *26.04.1876; until December 1925 Adolf, thereafter Adolph) is part of the Bremen citizen registry in 1922/23–1927, 1929, and 1930 as artist painter (Kunstmaler) at changing addresses. He is the son of Wilhelmine Linne, born Wagener and the merchant Hermann Heinrich Linne. The registry knows Linne always as Linne, not as Linné. ‘Linzie’, mentioned in the catalog raisonné (Yales University Art Museum, 1984, p. 455), was the telegraph address used bei ‘Linne, Ziegert & Co.’.
  Adolf Linne participated with 83 other artists in June 1912 in the exhibition This exhibition on Ausstellung zu Ehren von Geh. Hofrat Prof. Eugen Bracht, at Galerie Ernst Arnold, Dresden, at This exhibition on Bremische Kunstausstellung, at Kunsthalle Bremen, 30.11.1912–January 1913, together with 149 other artists, and from 01.02.–31.03.1914 This exhibition on Internationale Ausstellung in der Kunsthalle Bremen 1914 with 196 other artists. He was showing 2 oil paintings (‘Abendsonne, Rügen’; ‘Stilleben’) and three color drawings (‘Blick auf Vanves’; ‘Der Tod des Caspar Hauser’; ‘Caspar Hauser’).
  Otto Erich Ziegert was born 01.07.1900 († 28.12.1978 Düsseldorf) at Zerpenschleuse, borough of Niederbarnim (Brandenburg). He is the son of Maximilian Ziegert and Ilse von Grund.
  His father Maximilian Ziegert (*Eilenburg 1852–1930) opened in 1899 the ‘Kunstantiquariat Max Ziegert’, Hochstraße 3, Frankfurt am Main (first at Bethmannstraße 56), vis à vis of the Europe wide important antiquarian Joseph Baer & Co. He learned the basics of the trade as employee of the renowned Joseph A. Stargardt, Berlin, thereafter of Ludwig Rosenthal in Munich, and knew many of his colleagues across Europe [Max Ziegert: Schattenrisse deutscher Antiquare – persönliche Erinnerungen aus den Jahren 1870–1915; Leipzig 1916).
  Erich Ziegert was after the two years 1923–1924 in Bremen operating a gallery in Berlin, Wittenbergplatz 3a, from 1928–1930. He married in Frankfurt am Main on 15.06.1926 Wanda Helene Pauline von Debschitz (Munich 01.11.1899 – 12.07.1986 Lausanne), daughter of Wanda von Debschitz-Kunowski (1870–1935) and the artist Wilhelm von Debschitz (1871– 1948), marriage 1898, divorced July 1924. He is registered as Bremen inhabitant only later, relocating from Potsdam/Berlin, between 20.05.1946 and 29.1.1949, thereafter moving to Bad Godesberg.
  Wanda von Debschitz-Kunowski was a well-known portrait photographer of her time, opening her own studio in Berlin in 1921.
  Wilhelm von Debschitz was 1900 co-founder of the avant-garde art academy Debschitz-Schule in Munich, from 1914–1921 director of the ‘Kunstgewerbeschule- und Handwerkerschule Hannover’, 1916 co-founder of the ‘Kestner-Gesellschaft’.
  Wanda Helene Pauline’s sister Irene was married to Alexander (aka Xanti) Schawinsky, a Swiss painter, photographer and theater stage designer with ties to the Bauhaus and Walter Gropius.

  Galerie Linne / Linne, Ziegert & Co. ‘Kunst- und Buchhandlung’
  The business may have started in early 1923 following the correspondence of Kurt Schwitters with Hannah Höch on his and her artwork at Linne, Ziegert & Co. (Kurt Schwitters archive Berlinische Galerie, correspondence with Hannah Höch 24.04. and 01.05.1923). Another source for their activities is the offer dating 21.04.1924 and sent by Linne, Ziegert & Co. to the poet Stefan George [Stefan George Archiv, Württembergischen Landesbibliothek] on two busts (1910 and 1923) of Alfred Schuler by Clara Rilke-Westhoff, living then east of Bremen in Fischerhude and seen today as a pioneer female sculptor.
  Katherine Dreier refers to Linne and the gallery in conjunction with the seven G.M. watercolors she bought there most presumably in summer 1924 during her stay in Europe. The purchase date 1930 first mentioned in the catalog raisonné of 1950 may be the result of incomplete or misread records. The later notice (Yales University Art Museum, 1984, p. 455) of Katherine Dreier that she bought the watercolors from ‘Galerie Moderne Kunst’, Bremen, are difficult to verify as no ‘Galerie Moderne Kunst’ appears in the Bremen registry between 1923–1932.
  Exhibitions by ‘Linne, Ziegert & Co.’ are known for 1923 and 1924. See below.

Exhibitions at Galerie Linne, Ziegert & Co. knows

1923 AprilKurt Schwitters, Hannah Höch.
1923 April–MayFritz Stuckenberg
1923 October–November'G"-Ausstellung - 'G' stands for 'Material zur elementaren Gestaltung', later 'Zeitschrift für Elementare Gestaltung', editors Werner Graeff, El Lissitzky, Friedrich Kiesler, Hans Richter, Mies van der Rohe
1923/1924Dora Bromberger

Exhibitions of Gerd Meyer knows

Last update February 22, 2017
1922, MärzThis exhibition on 2. Frühjahrsausstellung der 'Barke', Augusteum, Oldenburg.
Georg Emil Baumann, C. Behling, K.W. Göring, Gertrud Göring-Erichsen, Willy Knoop, Gerd Meyer [G M], Alexander Minke, Jan Oeltjen, Karl Sommerfeld, Georg von der Vring, Therese von der Vring
[Source: Jörg Michael Henneberg, Künstlergruppe 'Barke'; in: Therese von der Vring 1894-1927, Biographie; Künstlerhaus Jan Oeltjen, Oldenburg, 1996]
1924, MärzThis exhibition on 63 | Irma Stern - Gerd Meyer - Hans Düne - Architektur von Adolf Falke, Kestner-Gesellschaft, Hannover
[in: 'Zur 100. Ausstellung der Kestner-Gesellschaft, Hannover'; Hannover 1929. page 6 / catalog of the exhibition 100 | 'Edvard Munch', which includes details of the past 100 exhibitions]
08.12. – 11.12.1926

Auction Catalog, December 11, 1926, Kestner-Gesellschaft, Hannover
The Kestner-Gesellschaft did stage a preview exhibition for an auction from December 8 – 11, 1926 in which Gerd Meyer took part.
Lot #130: Meier, Gert, Bremen, Komposition Braune Melodie, Aquarell 12x24 cm
This exhibition on 81a | Versteigerung einer Privatsammlung moderner Aquarelle und Graphik, Sonnabend, den 11. Dezember 1926, Hannover, [organized by Karl von der Porten jun.], Ort: Kestner-Gesellschaft e.V., Hannover, Königstraße 8.

It is an auction of a prestigious private collection (no details known about the owner) of watercolors and graphic art by 82 well known artists of the beginning 20th century, among them Wassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee, Max Beckmann, Fernand Léger, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, László Móhóly-Nagy, Emil Nolde, Kurt Schwitters, Willi Baumeister, Lyonel Feininger.

The complete, digitized catalog (11 pages) on
1942This exhibition on Kunstausstellung des Gaues Weser-Ems : Gemälde, Graphik, Plastik
Organized by the Oldenburger Kunstverein and 'Künstlerbund Bremen', together with the 'Niederländisch-Deutsche Kulturgemeinschaft'.
06.09. – 02.10.1949This exhibition on The Société Anonyme Collection, Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston; (Source: Dreier Bequest, 1984, YSA 51, p.781)
10.10. – 06.11.1949This exhibition on Modern Art From the Collection of the Société Anonyme, Museum of Modern Art: 1920, Mount Holyoke College, South Hadley, MA
(Source: Dreier Bequest, 1984, YSA 54, p.781)
07.04.–12.05.1978This exhibition on Künstler in Delmenhorst - Werke aus dem Kunstbesitz der Stadt Delmenhorst anläßlich des Jubiläums "75 Jahre Kreisfreiheit", Städtische Galerie Delmenhorst - Haus Coburg
1981Gerd Meyer - Bilder der 20er Jahre, Städtische Galerie Delmenhorst - Haus Coburg [from CV in catalog 200 Jahre Malerei im Oldenburger Land, p. 46} No further details
22.02. – 22.03.1987This exhibition on 200 Jahre Malerei im Oldenburger Land - 1786–1986
Oldenburger Kunsrverein and Landesmuseum Oldenburg
29.03. –26.04.1987This exhibition on 200 Jahre Malerei im Oldenburger Land - 1786–1986
Kunsthalle Wilhelmshaven
1990, SeptemberGerd Meyer-Hellensiek, Kunsthandlung Klaus von Seggern, Oldenburg
[Review by Jörg Michael Henneberg; in: Der Oldenburgische Hauskalender oder Hausfreund 1992, page 15-21.]
06.06. – 21.07.1999This exhibition on Graphische Sammlung Klassische Moderne - 25 Jahre Städtische Galerie Delmenhorst
curator Barbara Alms, Städtische Galerie Delmenhorst - Haus Coburg
11.01. – 03.02.2002This exhibition on Graphische Sammlung II - Akrobaten, Harlekine und Amazonen,
curator Barbara Alms, Städtische Galerie Delmenhorst - Haus Coburg
06.09. – 20.12.2009This exhibition on 'entartet' - beschlagnahmt - Bremer Künstler im Nationalsozialismus
curator Birgit Neumann-Dietzsch, Städtische Galerie Bremen

Société Anonyme Retrospective 2006

  This exhibition on The Société Anonyme – Modernism for America
The Yale University Art Museum organized an important retrospective for the legendary Société Anonyme starting at the Hammer Museum, Los Angeles, April 23 – August 20, 2006, organized by Jennifer Gross, then touring to The Phillips Collection, Washington, DC, Dallas Museum of Art (TX), Frist Center for the Visual Arts, Nashville (TN), and Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven (CT), December 12, 2012 – July 14, 2013.
  In 1941 Katherine Dreier and Marcel Duchamp donated a portion of their collection to Yale University. Among others works of art Katherine Dreier had bought at the legendary and influential Blog post Erste Russische Kunstausstellung Berlin 1922, e.g. the Konstantin Medunetsky [Mechmetzki] scultpure ‘Construction’ (1919).
  At this time, Dreier and Duchamp actively sought additional gifts to round out their Collection. Their efforts prompted donations from numerous artists including Jean Arp, John Graham, Jean Crotti, and one of the organization’s cofounders, Man Ray. When the group formally dissolved in 1950, the collection assembled by the Société Anonyme constituted one of the foremost assemblages of modern art in America, paralleled only by The Museum of Modern Art and the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, in New York.

Easy access to additional resources with our Wikipedia and WorldCat-Identity link

Artists / Collector / Curators / Gallery / Museum / News and Notes / Research
Wikipedia and WorldCat-Identity link

The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum on

Easy access to additional resources with our Wikipedia and WorldCat-Identity link as a reference for artists, exhibition venues, curators and their exhibitions

The artist-info exhibition-history page for artists, for galleries, museums, non-profit and collector’s venues is a unique possibility to document exhibition information.
Complete information on group-exhibitions and cross-linking the exhibition details revalues the important function exhibitions always had and will have, as the most influential place to present artwork to the public.
The insight is providing, from 1900 up to the present, across the many individual exhibitions of artists, organized by many different exhibition venues, by different curators, offers a new way to explore and research the profile of artists, exhibition venues, and curators.
That’s an important advantage to printed biographies.

Our exhibition-history information has become an important source to identify and reference an artist’s as well as an exhibition venue’s name and through this their profile, with sometimes many hundred solo- and group-exhibitions in many countries and cities.
The importance of such a reference shows as an example our research on Blog Post Erste Russische Kunstausstellung Berlin 1922 / The 1st Russian Show Berlin 1922: In the catalog 9 artist names have two different spellings, we added to the exhibition’s 162 artist names 301 alias names which we found in the more than 3.350 exhibitions knows for the 162 artists. Searching any of these 301 alias names with artist-info Main-Search will display the artist-info reference name for the looked up artist.

Access to more resources beyond the artist-info exhibition-history

To better inform and to facilitate the access to more information beyond the artist-info exhibition-history page artist-info is adding a link to Wikipedia and to WorldCat-Identity as part of the artist, exhibition venue, and curator page's header.Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum on
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum on

Wikipedia  Wikipedia link

The Wikipedia page of an artist, an exhibition venue, a curator can provide a first overview and encourage further research.
Your notice on missing Wikipedia page information is always welcome.

Wikipedia  WorldCat-Identity link

As the information accessible through the Internet is growing more and more authority control to identify an artist, an exhibition venue, or a curator across the many different sources has become an important additional reference.
Among the many national and international authority control databases we have chosen WorldCat-Identity as reference for artists, exhibition venues and curators on as it offers a wide range of information on additional resources for research in particular in libraries and archives worldwide.
The link to the WorldCat-Identity is part of the artist's, exhibition venue's, or curator's page header.
We are adding constantly the related WorldCat-Identity page link but your email on a missing link is always welcome.
Wikipedia SRGM

WorldCat-Id SRGM

This exhibition on  Individual Exhibition Page for an exhibition

All exhibitions of an exhibition venue in with an exhibition title can be displayed on an individual page. Clicking this icon This exhibition on opens a new browser window with this exhibitions artist-info sub-URL.
To update exhibitions without exhibition title, please do contact us or read our services page.

Summary Section

Each exhibition-history page of an artist, exhibition venue, or curator in artist-info has a summary section. It analysis the sometime many 100 exhibitions and provides an important overview.
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum on - Summary

Erste Russische Kunstausstellung Berlin 1922 – The Artists

Analytics / Exhibition History / History / Influential Exhibitions / Research
Erste Russische Kunstausstellung Berlin 1922 – The Artists

The cover page of the catalog, deisgn by El Lissitzky  –  See the table below with all artists

Erste Russische Kunstausstellung Berlin 1922 – The Artists

   Like in the Mythologies quotidiennes exhibition catalog (Paris, 1964) – Blog Post see our blog post – the Erste Russische Kunstausstellung Berlin 1922 exhibition catalog states only the artist’s last name.
   Our survey seeks the answer to this question in identifying and allocating the artists through their many exhibitions from 1900 up to the present on and to provide like this new insight and overview to prove the importance of this exhibition not only for the well-known artists. As a result of our research we could identify other artists who participated but are not listed in the catalog. See note [1] and [2] below.
   The table at the bottom of this post shows our allocation of the artists’ last name in the catalog of 1922 to their cross-linked exhibition history on

An Outstanding Exhibition – Purpose and Selection

   The main purpose of Erste Russische Kunstausstellung Berlin 1922 was fundraising to support the starving Russian people, and David Shterenberg, a painter himself and showing his work as well in Berlin, was commissioned at the beginning of 1922 by the Bolshevik Russian State (RSFSR) to organize the exhibition in Berlin, due to the positive climate for Russian intellectuals and artists. The Galerie Der Sturm (1910-1932) directed by Herwarth Walden was certainly one of the most active places to support the new avant-garde movement. Looking back Berlin in mid October 1922 was the right place in Western Europe and in history for this exhibition. See Facts and Figures below.
   David Shterenberg made a courageous selection of well known as well as of younger, then not yet internationally known artists, and so called Russian avant-garde artists supporting new movements like non-objective art. The wide scope of the artist’s work he aimed for did reunite so controversial painters like Chagall and Malevich, theater stage and costume sketches and architecture sketches. See all sections under Facts and Figures below. It attracted many more visitors than expected and a wide national and international response by critics and the press for many decades. However, the important impulse and enthusiasm which arose from this influential exhibition of non-objective art and the plans to show it in other European towns and even the USA was made impossible by the political reality.
   Allocating the artists’ last name in the Berlin catalog of 1922 was an exciting challenge. For the 160 Russian artists of the Berlin exhibition the database knows July 2017 more than 3.900 solo- and group exhibitions, from 1912 (4. Sonderbund Ausstellung, Köln) up to the present, at many exhibition venues in Europe, North America, and around the world. The number will grow continuously with our ongoing documentation of exhibitions from 1890 up to the present.

   Chagall, who was born in 1887 in Liozna near Vitebsk (Belarus), returned in 1914 when World War I broke out from Paris to his hometown. Only a few month after the after the October Revolution on November 7, 1917, Chagall founded the Vitebsk People’s Art College (Narodnoy Khudozhestvennoye Uchilische) in 1918 with the permission of David Shterenberg, then the head of the art section of the Division of the People’s Enlightenment. Chagall’s public art activities in Vitebsk lead to his project of founding a new type of art school with community studios.
   Both, Marc Chagall and from autumn 1919 onwards Kasimir Malevich, were teachers at the Vitebsk Academy. After Malevich had arrived many of Chagall’s students changed to the class of Malevich. After he had lost all his students to Malevich in May 1920 Chagall officially resigned in June and went to Moscow.
   Another example for Shterenberg’s wide scope of selection is the Latvian artist Karlis Joganson (1892-1929). The research published since the 1990s revealed his importance.
   Architecture sketches were shown in Berlin as well, e.g. by Wladimir Krinskij, Gerogii Mapu, Aleksander Rodchenko, and Alexandr Shevchenko. They were members of ZhivSkulptArkh (Painting, Sculpture and Architecture), until the end of 1919 known as SinSkulptArkh (Synthesis of Sculpture and Architecture).
The Berlin catalog lists as well theater stage and costume sketches by some artists.

Russian Avant-Garde Exhibitions

   Another important perspective for our research was to show, how the artists of Erste Russische Kunstausstellung Berlin 1922 were participating in other exhibitions from before World War I ( This exhibition on 4. Sonderbund Ausstellung, 1922 Köln) up to the present. They can easily be explored with a mouse click thanks to the structure of artist-info.
Some examples among many other exhibitions on the Russian avant-garde artist-info documented are
2016 This exhibition on A Revolutionary Impulse – The Rise of the Russian Avant-Garde, Museum of Modern Art, New York
2011  This exhibition on Chagall et l’avant-garde russe, Musée de Grenoble
2003 This exhibition on Traumfabrik Kommunismus – Die visuelle Kultur der Stalinzeit, Schirn Kunsthalle, Frankfurt am Main
2001 This exhibition on mit voller Kraft. – Russische Avantgarde 1910-1934, Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe, Hamburg
2000 This exhibition on Futurismus in Russland – und David Burliuk, ‘Vater des Russischen Futurismus’, Von der Heydt-Kunsthalle, Wuppertal
1993 This exhibition on Von Malewitsch bis Kabakov – Russische Avantgarde im 20. Jahrhundert. Die Sammlung Ludwig, Josef-Haubrich-Kunsthalle, Köln
1992 This exhibition on The Great Utopia – The Russian and Soviet Avant-Garde, 1915-1932, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York
1989 This exhibition on 100 Years of Russian Art, 1889-1989 – from Private Collections in the USSR, Barbican Art Gallery, London
1983 This exhibition on The 1st Russian Show – A commemoration of the Van Diemen Exhibition, Berlin 1922, Annely Juda Fine Art, London; Catalog with texts by Andrei B. Nakov, Krisztina Passuth, Peter Nisbet, Christina Lodder;
Andrei Nakov, ‘This Last exhibition which was First‘, Note [3] on page 8 of this Annely Juda exhibition catalog: “These [Kandinsky’s] works, submitted at the last moment, are not mentioned in the catalog [This exhibition on Esposizione libera futurista internazionale, Galleria Futurista – Giuseppe Sprovieri, Roma]. (This information was given to me by G. Sprovieri whom I would like to thank for his generous help and support in my research on ths subject).”
1981 This exhibition on Art of the Avant-Garde in Russia – Selections from the George Costakis Collection, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York
1978 This exhibition on Revolution – Russian Avant-Garde, 1912-1930, Museum of Modern Art, New York
1977 This exhibition on Tendenzen der Zwanziger Jahre – 15. Europäische Kunstausstellung, Neue National Galerie, Berlin
1973 This exhibition on Tatlin’s Dream – Russian Suprematist and Constructivist Art 1910-1923, Fischer Fine Art, London
1972 This exhibition on Kunst in der Revolution – Architektur, Produktgestaltung, Malerei, Plastik, Agitation, Theater, Film in der Sowjetunion 1917-1932, Württembergischer Kunstverein, Stuttgart
1968 This exhibition on Aspects de l’Avant Garde Russe 1905-1925, Galerie Jean Chauvelin, Paris
1937 This exhibition on Konstruktivisten, Kunsthalle Basel
1936 This exhibition on Cubism and Abstract Art, Museum of Modern Art, New York
This exhibition on Many exhibitions at Galerie Gmurzinska
1922 This exhibition on Erste Russische Kunstausstellung Berlin 1922, Galerie van Diemen & Co, Berlni

1924 This exhibition on 14. Esposizione Internazionale d’Arte della Città di Venezia, 44 artists of the Erste Russische Kunstausstellung Berlin 1922 were showing at the Biennale di Venezia in 1924, of altogether 96 Russian artists.
1920 This exhibition on 12. Esposizione Internazionale d’Arte della Città di Venezia, 2 artists of the Erste Russische Kunstausstellung Berlin 1922 were showing at the Biennale di Venezia in 1920, of altogether 19 Russian artists.

Facts and Figures

   The Erste Russische Kunstausstellung Berlin 1922 took place at the Galerie van Diemen & Co, GmbH, Berlin, Unter den Linden 21, from October 15 until December 1922.
The Art Section of the Division of People’s Enlightenment asked David Shterenberg to organize this sales exhibition. The catalog states as its purpose: The proceeds will go to the starving people of Russia (‘Der Reinertrag ist für die Hungernden Russlands bestimmt!’).
This exhibition on All artists of Erste Russische Kunstausstellung Berlin 1922 on

The catalog lists the artists by media
   The cover page of the catalog was designed by El Lissitzky.
   The introductions by Davide Sterenberg, Edwin Redslob, Arthur Holitscher, and an unkown author of ‘Zur Einführung’ is followed by the list of artists by media
Paintings (84 artists)
Watercolors, Drawings, Wood- and Lino-Cut, Copper Engraving, Posters, Albums, Architecture- and Theater Sketches (111 artists)
Sculpture (12 artists).
More media without artists are listed in a fourth segment: Porcelaine, Glass, Decorative Works, Semiprecious Stones.
   The third part of the catalog shows 48 black and white illustrations of artwork by 38 artists, plus 6 illustrations of St. Petersburg porcelain.
   For the student’s works (Schülerarbeiten), the works from the Vitebsk Academy students (Schule von Witebsk), and the children’s water colors (Kinderaquarelle) no names are listed.
   Teachers at the Vitebsk Academy (Belarus) in January 1919 were Chagall, Kseniya Boguslavskaya, Ivan Puni (a.k.a. Jean Pougny), Alexander Romm, Vera Yermolayeva, Nikolai Radlov, El Lissitzky, Ivan Tilberg, from November 1919 onwards Malevich, and before 1919 Mstislav Dobujinski.

Allocating the Catalog’s Artist Names
Notes on Artists Inside/Outside the 1922 Catalog

   For the 160 Russian artists of the 1922 Berlin exhibition knows July 2017 more than 3.900 solo- and group exhibitions, from 1912 (This exhibition on 4. Sonderbund Ausstellung, Köln) up to the present. It is updated continually.

   This research project is a good example how documenting exhibitions with, even from many decades ago, helps to explore and revalue the profile of artists, exhibition venues, and curators through their exhibition information.

   Table-Note [1]: Lasar Markovič Chidekel [Khidekel] (1904 - 1986) is not listed in the catalog. He participated at the 1922 Berlin exhibition as part of UNOVIS. Biography of Lasar Chidekel in the catalog of: This exhibition on Malewitsch und sein Einfluss, Kunstmuseum Liechtenstein, Vaduz, 16.05.-07.09. 2008.
Erste Russische Kunstausstellung Berlin 1922-Page 17
Catalog page 17
   Table-Note [2]: Michail Vasilyevich Matyushin (1861 - 1934), the eminent Russian avant-garde artist, is not listed in the 1922 Berlin catalog. The reason to include him in our table is because the Erste Russische Kunstausstellung Berlin 1922 is part of his exhibitions list on page 103 of the exhibition catalog of This exhibition on Matjuschin und die Leningrader Avantgarde (Badischer Kunstverein, Karlsruhe, 27.04.-09.06. 1991, exhibition of the 'Zentrum für Kunst und Medientechnologie Karlsruhe'; catalog by Oktogon Verlag, Stuttgart-München, ISBN 3-927789-09-7). It was organised by Heinrich Klotz, Alla Powelichina, and Jewgenija Petrowa.
The Matjuschin und die Leningrader Avantgarde exhibition in 1991 in Karlsruhe was based on Alla Powelichina's exhibition Matjuschin und seine Schüler in 1990 in the Sankt Petersburg History Museum.

I would like to thank Christina Lodder, University of Kent, for her help regarding the transliteration of some artist names which I couldn't identify through exhibitions or other sources.
July 27, 2017
- 8 artist names with different spelling: Some artists are part of more than one section in the catalog (Painting, Watercolors / Prints, Sculpture, Illustrations). In some cases the spelling of their name differs. Example: MECHMETZKI / MEDUNETZKI
- Alias: For many Russian artist names different spellings are in use. Most of these aliases are listed below. Main Search knows these alias names, too.
1922 CatalogOn CatalogOn
ALTMANN, N.Altman, Nathan Isayevich (1889 - 1970)(41)LISSITZKY / LISSITZKILissitzky, El [Lazar Markovich] (1890 - 1941)
Alias: Lissitzki
ANIENKOWAnnenkov, Jurii Pawlowitsch (1889 - 1974)
Aliases: Annenkoff, Annenkow
(35)MALEWITSCHMalevich, Kazimir Severinovich (1879 - 1935)
Aliases: Malewitsch, Malevitch, Malevič, Malewicz
ARCHIPENKOArchipenko, Alexander Porfirjowitsch (1887 - 1964)(166)Not in the catalogMalyavin, Filip Andreevic (1869 - 1940)
Aliases: Maliavine, Maljawin, Malavin, Maljavin
ARCHIPOWArchipov, Abram (1862 - 1930)
Aliases: Arkhipov, Archipow
(9)MALKINMalkin, Georges Alexandre (1898 - 1970)
Alias: Malkine
ARNSCHTAM, A.Arnshtam, Alexander Martynovych (1880 - 1969)
Alias: Arnstam
(1)MALUTINMaljutin, Sergej Vasil'evic (1895 - 1937)
Aliases: Malyutin, Maljutin, Malioutine
ARONSOHNAronson, Boris (1898 - 1980)
Alias: Aronsohn
No further details
BARANOW-ROSSINEBaranov-Rossiné, Vladimir Dawidowitsch (1888 - 1944)
Aliases: Baranoff-Rossine, Baranow-Rossine
(26)MANSUROWMansurov, Pawel Andrejewitsch (1896 - 1984)
Aliases: Mansuroff, Mansouroff, Mansourov, Mansurow
BELJAJEWBeljaev, Vasilij Pavlovic (1901 - 1942)
Aliases: Belyaev, Beljaew
(1)MAPUMapu, Georgii
No further details
Benois, Alexandre Nikolayevich (1870 - 1960)
Alias: Benua
(10)MASCHKOWMashkov, Ilya Ivanovich (1881 - 1944)
Aliases: Maschkoff, Maschkow, Machkov, Maskov
BOGUSLAWSKAJABoguslawskaja, Xenia Leonidowna (1892 - 1972)
Aliases: Boguslavskaja, Bogouslavskaïa
(10)Not in the catalogMatyushin, Michail Vasilyevich (1861 - 1934) [2]
Aliases: Matjuschin, Matyushin, Matjusin, Matiushin, Matiouchine, Matjušin
BOLTSCHAKOW / BOTSCHKOWBolschakow, Konstantin Aristarchowitsch (1895 - 1938)
Aliases: Bolshakov, Boltschakow, Botschkow
(2)MATORINMatorin, Mikhail Vladimirovič (1901 - 1976)(2)
BRASBraz, Osip Emmanuilovich (1873 - 1936)
Alias: Bras
(1)MATWEJEWMatveev, Aleksandr Terentievich (1878 - 1960)
Aliases: Matwejew, Matveyev
BRUNIBruni, Lew Alexandrowitsch (1894 - 1948)(10)MAXIMOWMaximov, Nikolay Kristoforich (1892 - 1974)
Alias: Maximow
BUBNOWABubnova, Varvara Dmitrievna (1886 - 1983)
Alias: Bubnowa
(8)MECHMETZKI / MEDUNETZKIMedunetsky, Konstantin Konstantinovic (1899 - 1935)
Aliases: Mechmetzki, Meduneckij, Medunezki
BUCHOWETZKIBukowiezkij, Iewgenij (1866 - 1948)
Alias: Buchowetzki
No further details
Alias: Medwiedjew
BURLJUK / BURLJUNKBurliuk, David Davidovich (1882 - 1967)
Aliases: Burjuk, Burljuk, Burlyuk, Bourliouk
(47)MESENTZEWMezentsev, Sergei Aleksandrovich No further details
Alias: Mesentzew
CHAGALLChagall, Marc (1887 - 1985)
Aliases: Sagal, Sagalov
(386)MIKLASCHEWSKAJAMiklaschewskaja, Tamara (1894 - 1947)(2)
Not in the catalogChidekel [Khidekel], Lasar Markovič (1904 - 1986) [1]
Alias: Khidekel
(6)MILLIOTIMilioti, Nikolaj Dmitrievic (1874 - 1962)(1)
CHOCHRIAKOWKhokhryakov, Nikolay (1887 - 1928)
Aliases: Chochriakow, Khokhrianov
(1)MITURITSCHMiturich, Pjotr Vasil'evich (1887 - 1956)
Aliases: Mituritsch, Miturich, Mituric, Mitouritch
DENISSOWSKIDenisovski, Nikolai Fedorovich (1901 - 1981)
Aliases: Denissowskii, Denisovskij, Denisovsky
(4)MOLTSCHANOWMolchanov, Konstantin Mikhailovich (1906 - 1980)
Alias: Moltschanow
DJEGINZhegin, Lev Feodorovich (1892 - 1969)
Aliases: Djegin, Geghin, Shekhtel
(2)MORAWOWMoravof, Aleksander Viktorovitch (1878 - 1951)
Aliases: Moravov, Morawow
DOBUJINSKIDobuzinskij, Mstislav Valerianovic (1875 - 1957)
Aliases: Dobuschinski, Dobujinski, Doboujinski, Dobužinskis, Dobuzhinsky
(5)MORGUNOWMorgunov, Alexei Alexeyevich (1884 - 1935)
Aliases: Morgunow, Morgounow
DREWINDrevin, Aleksandr Davydovich (1889 - 1938)
Alias: Drewin
(18)NASARETZKAJANagaevskaya, Elena Varnavovna (1900 - 1989)(1)
EIGESEiges, Veniamin Romanovich (1888 - 1956)(1)NESTEREW / NESTEROWNesterov, Mikhail Vasilyevich (1862 - 1942)(7)
ENGELEngel, Otto Heinrich (1866 - 1949)(5)NIKRITINNikritin, Solomon Borissowitsch (1898 - 1965)(16)
ERMOLAJEWAErmolaeva, Vera Mikhailovna (1893 - 1938)
Aliases: Ermolajewa, Jermolajewa, Yermolayeva, Yermolaeva
(12)NOSKOWNoskov, Mikhail Vasil'evich (1892 - 1957)
Alias: Noskow
EXTERExter, Alexandra Alexandrovna (1882 - 1949)
Alias: Ekster
(100)OLENIKOlejnik, Janka (1887 - 1954)(1)
FALKFalk, Robert Rafailovic (1886 - 1958)(22)OSMERKINOsmerkin, Alexander Alexandrovich (1892 - 1953)(8)
FAVORSKAJAFavorskaja, Vera Vasilyevna (1896 - 1977)
(2)PAINPain, Yakov Semenovich (1898 - ?)(1)
FEDOROWFedorov, German Vasilyevich (1885 - 1976)
Alias: Fedorow
(3)PAWLOWPavlov, Semen Andreevi (1893 - 1941)(2)
FEDOROWSKIFedorovskij, Fedor Fedorovi (1883 - 1955)
Alias: Fedorowski, Fedorovsky
(3)PEREKATOWPerekatov, Alexander
Alias: Perekatow
FILONOWFilonov, Pawel Nikolajevitsch (1882 - 1941)
Alias: Filonow
(27)PERINPéri, László (1899 - 1967)(43)
GABOGabo, Naum [Naum Neemia Pevsner] (1890 - 1977)(129)PESTELLPestel, Wera Efimovna (1886 - 1952)
Alias: Pestell
No further details
Alias: Gambarow
(1)PETROWITSCHEWPetrovichev, Petr Ivanovich (1874 - 1947)
Alias: Petrowitschew
GAUSCHGaush, Alexandre Fedorovich (1873 - 1947)
Aliases: Gausch, Gauš, Gaúcho, Hausch, Hauš
(1)PEWSNERPevsner, Antoine (1884 - 1962)
Alias: Pewsner
GERASSIMOWGerasimov, Alexander Mikhaylovich (1881 - 1963)
Alias: Gerassimow
(5)POPOPWAPopova, Lyubow Sergeyevna (1889 - 1924)
Alias: Popowa
GRABARGrabar, Igor Emmanuilovich (1871 - 1960)(5)PRUSSAKOWPrusakow, Nikolaj Petrowitsch (1900 - 1952)
Alias: Prussakow
GRIGORJEW, N.Grigoriev, Nikolai Mikhalovich (1880 - 1943)
Alias: Grigorjew
(1)PUNI, J.Puni, Ivan Albertovich [Jean Pougny] (1892 - 1956)
Alias: Pugni
GRISCHTSCHENKOGrishchenko, Aleksei Vasilievich (1883 - 1977)
Aliases: Grischtschenko, Gritchenko, Grischenko
(4)RADIMOWRadimov, Pavel Aleksandrovich (1887 - 1967)
Alias: Radimow
IDELSONIdelson-Labusquere, Vera (1893 - 1977)(2)RODSCHENKORodchenko, Aleksander Mikhailovich (1891 - 1956)
Aliases: Rodtschenko, Rodschenko, Rodtchenko, Rodčenko
IWANOWIvanov, Sergei Ivanovich (1885-1942)
Alias: Iwanow
(5)ROJDESTWENSKYRozhdestvensky, Vasily Vasilyevich (1884 - 1963)
Aliases: Roshdjestwjenskij, Rojdestwensky, Roshdestwenski, Roschdestwenski, Rozdestvenskij
JAKIMTSCHENKOYakimchenko, Alexander Georgiev (1878 - 1928)
Aliases: Jakimtschenko, Jakimtscenko
(2)ROMANOWITSCHRomanovich, Sergey Mikhalovich (1894 - 1968)
Alias: Romanowitsch
JAKULOWYakulov, Georgy Bogdanovich (1884 - 1928)
Aliases: Jakulow, Yakoulov, Yakouloff
(19)ROSANOWARozanova, Olga Vladimirovna (1886 - 1918)
Alias: Rosanova
JOGANSONJoganson, Karlis (1890 - 1929)
Aliases: Johanson, Ioganson, Johansons
(14)Not in the catalogRoyak, Efim Moiseevich (1906-1987)
Alias: Rayak
JOUKOWSKIZukowski, Stanislaw Yulianovich (1873 - 1944)
Aliases: Joukowski, Jukovski, Schukowski, Zukovskii, Zhukovsky
(3)SACHAROWSacharoff, Olga Nicolaevna (1889 - 1967)
Aliases: Sacharova, Sacharow
JUDINYudin, Lev Alexandrovich (1901 - 1941)
Alias: Judin
(4)SALITZāle, Kārlis [Karl Zalit] (1888 - 1942)
Aliases: Zalit, Salit
JUONYuon, Konstantin Fyodorovich (1875 - 1958)
Aliases: Iuon, Juon, Youon
(8)SAMOSCHKINZamoshkin, Aleksandr Ivanovich (1899 - 1977)
Alias: Samoschkin
KAGANKagan, Anna Abelewna (1902 - 1974)
Alias: Kogan
(11)SARJANSaryan, Martiros Sergeevich (1880 - 1972)
Aliases: Sarian, Sarjan
KANDINSKIKandinsky, Wassily (1866 - 1944)
Aliases: Kandinski, Kandinskij
(500)SAWJALOWSawjalow [Zavialov], Iwan Fedorovich (1893 - 1937)
Aliases: Zavyalov, Zavialov
KAPLUNKaplun, Adrian Vladimirovich (1887 - 1974)
Alias: Kaploune
(1)SCHEMIAKINShemyakin, Mikhail F. (1875 - 1944)
Alias: Schemiakin
KAREWKarev, Alexei Eremeevich (1879 - 1942)
Aliases: Karew, Kareff
(2)SCHESTOPALOWAShestopalova, Elena Ivanovna (1895 - 1988)(1)
Not in the catalogKogan, Nina Josifowna (1889 - 1942)
Aliases: Kagan
(11)SCHWETSCHENKOShevchenko, Alexander Vasilyevich (1882 - 1948)
Aliases: Chevtchenko, Schevchenko, Schewtschenko, Sevcenko, Schwetschenko
KOLESNIKOWKolesnikov, Sergej Michaijlovic (1889 - 1952)
Aliases: Klosnikow, Kolesnikow
(1)SCHIROKOWChirokov [Scirokof], Michel de
Aliases: Schirokow, Scirokof, Schirokow
KLUNKliunkov [Kliun], Ivan Vasilievich (1873 - 1943)
Aliases: Kljun, Klyun, Kyun, Klioune, Klyoun, Klun, Kljunkow
(66)SCHIKOLNIKSkolnik, Iosif Solomonovic (1883 - 1926)
Alias: Schkolnik, Shkol'nik, Shkolnik, Školnik
Klutsis, Gustav Gustavovich (1895 - 1938)
Aliases: Klucis, Klutzis, Kluzis, Kloutsis
(72)SEIZEWASaizew, Nikolai (1885 - 1938)
Alias: Seizewa
KOLZOWKoltsov, Sergei Vasilievich (1892 - 1951)
Aliases: Kolzow, Kaltsov
(1)SEVERNYSeverin, Ivan Mitrofanovich (1881 - 1964)
Alias: Severny
KOMARDJENKOWKomardenkov, Vassily Petrovitsch (1897 - 1973)
Alias: Komardjenkow
(2)SINESUBOW / SINEZUBOWSinezubov, Nikolay Vladimirovich (1891 - 1956)
Aliases: Sinezouboff, Sinesubow, Sinezubow
Not in the catalogKomissarenko, Zenon Petrovich (1891-1978)(1)SOKOLOWSokolow, Michail Ksenofontovich (1885 - 1947)(4)
KONTSCHALOWSKIKonchalovsky, Pyotr Petrovich (1876 - 1956)
Aliases: Kontschalowski, Kontschalowskij, Kontchalovski, Kontchalovsky, Koncalovskij, Končalovskij
(24)STEINBERGShteinberg, Eduard Antonovich (1882 - 1935)
Aliases: Shteynberg, Steinberg, Steynberg
KOROLJEWKoroljow, Boris Danilowitsch (1884 - 1963)
Aliases: Korolev, Koroljew, Korolyov
(18)STENBERGShtenberg, Irina Valerianovna (1905 - 1985)
Aliases: Steinberg
KOROWINKorovin, Constantin Alexeiev (1861 - 1939)
Aliases: Korowin, Korovine
(6)STENBERG, G.Stenberg, Georgii Avgustovich (1900 - 1933)(10)
KOSINTZEWAKossinzewa, Ljubow Alexejwna (1898 - 1978)
Aliases: Kosintzewa, Kozintseva, Kozinceva
(1)STENBERG, W.Stenberg, Wladimir Awgustowitsch (1899 - 1982)(16)
KOSLINSKIKoslinskij, Wladimir Iwanowitsch (1891 - 1967)
Aliases: Koslinsky, Kozlinski
(8)STEPANOWAStepanova, Varvara Fjodorowna (1894 - 1958)
Alias: Stepanowa
KRASOWSKIKrassowski, Feliks (1895 - 1967)
Aliases: Krasowski, Krassovski
(1)STERENBERG, D.Schterenberg, David Petrowitsch (1881 - 1948)
Aliases: Schterenberg, Sterenberg, Sternberg, Chterenberg
KRAWTSCHENKOKravchenko, Aleksei Ilyich (1889 - 1940)
Aliases: Kravtchenko, Krawtschenko
(4)STREGEMINSKYStrzemiński, Władysław Maximilianowitsch (1893 - 1952)
Aliases: Stregeminsky, Strsheminski
KREITORKraïtor, Ivan Kondratievich (1880 - 1957)
Aliases: Kreitor, Kraitor
(1)SWESCHNIKOWASveshnikov, Ivan Ivanovich (1896 - 1963)
Alias: Sweschnikow
KRIMOWKrymov, Nikolai Petrovich (1884 - 1958)
Aliases: Krymow, Krimov, Krimow
(7)SWETLOWSvetlov, Sergei Yakovlevich (1903 - 1964)
Alias: Swetlow
KRINSKIKrinskij, Wladimir Fjodorowitsch (1890 - 1971)
Aliases: Krinsky, Krinski
(8)TATLINTatlin, Vladimir Yevgrafovich (1885 - 1953)
Alias: Tatline
No further details
Alias: Kruglow
(1)TERSATyrsa, Nikolai Andreevich (1887 - 1942)
Aliases: Tirsa, Tersa
KUDNJASCHOWKoudriachov, Ivan Alekseevich (1896 - 1972)
Aliases: Kudriashev, Kudriaschov, Kudrjaschow, Kudnjaschow, Kudriashov, Kudrjasev
(32)TOURJANSKITurjansky, Leonard Viktorovich (1875 - 1945)
Aliases: Tourshansky, Turzhansky, Turzhanskii, Tourjanski, Turjanski, Turshanskij, Turschanski, Turzhansky, Turjansky
KULBINKulbin, Nicolai Ivanovitch (1868 - 1917)
Alias: Koulbine
(10)TSCHAIKOWChaykov [Tchaikov], Iosif Moiseevich (1888 - 1979)
Aliases: Chaikov, Cajkov, Tschaikow, Tchaikov
KUPRIANOWKuprianov, Nicolas (1894 - 1933)
Aliases: Koupreianov, Kupreyanov, Kuprianow, Kupryanov, Kuprejanoff, Kuprejanow, Kupreianoff
(4)TSCHECHONIN, S.Tschechonin, Serge Wassiliewitsch (1878 - 1936)
Aliases: Cechonin, Chekhonin
KUPRINKuprin, Alexander Vasilyevich (1880 - 1960)
Alias: Kouprine
(22)TSCHEKMAZOWChekmazov [Tschekmazow], Ivan Ivanovich (1901 - 1961)
Aliases: Tchekmazov, Tschekmazow, Tschekmazov
KUSNIETZOWKuznetsov, Konstantin Pavlovich (1863 - 1936)(1)TSCHEKREGINChekrygin [Tschekrygin], Vassily Nikolaevich (1897 - 1922)
Aliases: Čekrygin, Chekrigin, Tschekrekin, Tchekrigine, Tchekryguine
KUSTODIEWKustodiev, Boris Mikhaylovich (1878 - 1927)
Aliases: Kustodijew, Kustodiew, Koustodiev, Kustodijeff, Kustodjeff
(10)TSCHERBINOWSKIScherbinovskiy, Dimitri Anfimovitch (1867 - 1926)
Aliases: Sherbinovski, Tscherbinowski
KUZNETZOW, P.Kuznetsov, Pavel Varfolomeevich (1878 - 1968)
Alias: Kuznetzow
(10)TSCHERNISCHOWChernikhov [Tschernichow], Yakov Georgievich (1889 - 1951)
Aliases: Černykov, Tschernichow, Tchernikho, Tschernischow
Not in the catalogLabas, Alexander Arkadewitsch (1900 - 1983)(10)UDALTZOWAUdaltsova, Nadezhda Andreyevna (1886 - 1961)
Aliases: Oudaltsova, Udalzowa, Udalcova
LADOWSKILadovsky, Nikolaj Alexandrowitsch (1881 - 1941)
Aliases: Ladowski, Ladowskij
(14)USATSCHOWUsachev, Alexey Ivanovich (1891 - 1957)
Aliases: Ussacioff, Usatschow
LAPSCHINLapschin, Nikolai Fjodorowitsch (1889 - 1942)
Alias: Lapschin
(8)WASILIEWWasiliew, Piotr (1899 - 1975)(1)
LAWINSKILavinskij, Anton Michajlovic (1893 - 1968)
Aliases: Lawinski, Lawinskij
No further details
Alias: Wasilkow
LEBEDIEWLebedev, Vladimir Vasil'evich (1891 - 1967)
Alias: Lebedew
(18)WASNETZOWVasnetsov, Apollinari Mikhailovich (1856 - 1933)
Aliases: Vasnecov, Wassnetzow, Wasnetsow, Wasnetzow, Wasnezow
LEBLANLeblan, Mikhail Varfolomeevich (1875 - 1940)(3)WESNINVesnin, Alexandr Alexandrovich (1883 - 1959)
Aliases: Vesnine, Wesnin, Wessnin
LEDANTIULe-Dantiu, Mikhail Vasilyevich (1891 - 1917)
Aliases: Le Dantu, Ledantu, Ledantiu, Ledentu
(7)WOLKOWVolkov, Aleksandr Nikolaevitch (1886 - 1957)
Alias: Wolkow
LENTULOWLentulov, Aristarkh Vasilyevich (1882 - 1943)
Aliases: Lentulow, Lentuloff, Lentouloff, Lentoulov
(33)ZETLINZeldin, Chaim
No further details
Alias: Zetlin
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Carmen Gracia – ‘Mythologies quotidiennes’, 1964

Artists / Curators / History / Museum / Research
'Mythologies quotidiennes', 1964

Carmen Gracia – ‘Mythologies quotidiennes’, 1964
Two additional important facts

‘Figuration Narrative, Paris 1960–1972’ retrospective in 2008

   From April to July 2008 the RNM – Réunion des musées nationaux and the Centre Pompidou organized the exhibition Exhibition Link ‘Figuration Narrative, Paris 1960–1972’ at the Grand Palais, with Jean-Paul Ameline and Bénédicte Ajac as curator.

‘Mythologies quotidiennes’, 1964

The Press Release for the retrospective in 2008 states:
“The ‘Figuration Narrative’ wasn’t proclaimed as a movement as such. It was established through the activity of the art critic Gérald Gassiot-Talabot and the painters Bernard Rancillac and Hervé Télémaque, who organized at the Musée d’art moderne de la Ville de Paris the exhibition Exhibition Link ‘Mythologies quotidiennes’ from July 1 – October 30, 1964.

   In the same year 1964 Pop Art triumphs at the Exhibition Link 32nd Biennale di Venezia and conquered Europe, with Robert Rauschenberg being awarded the Gran Premio. [by artist-info: ‘Painting and Sculpture of a Decade 54/64’ closed June 28, 1964 at the Exhibition Link Tate Gallery, London; the ‘Exhibition Link documenta III‘ opened on June 28, 1964, curated by Arnold Bode and Werner Haftmann].

   The 1964 Paris exhibition Exhibition Link ‘Mythologies quotidiennes’ reunited 34 [acutally 36 – see our research below] artists (Alleyn, Arnal, Arroyo, Atila, Berni, Bertholo, Bertini, Bettencourt, Beynon, Brusse, Buri, Cremonini, Dado, Fahlström, Foldes, Gaïtis, Geissler,

Gironella, Golub, Gracia, Kalinowski, Klasen, Kramer, Monory, Pistoletto, Rancillac, Raynaud, Raysse, Recalcati, Réquichot, Saint-Phalle, Saul, Télémaque, Voss) who, like their colleagues from the United States were focusing in their works on the contemporary society and related images.”
   In April – June 1977 followed Exhibition Link ‘Mythologies quotidiennes 2’ with 85 artists at the Musée d’art moderne de la Ville de Paris, including 15 artists of ‘Mythologies quotidiennes 1’.
   Gérald Gassiot-Talabot explains in the accompanying catalogue the different intentions of the second exhibition.

   The exhibition ‘Figuration Narrative, Paris 1960–1972’ in 2008 and the accompanying catalogue is a profound retrospective of this period, including a long list of exhibitions and events throughout these years, including the important exhibition ‘Mythologies quotidiennes’, July – October 1964.

‘Mythologies quotidiennes’, 1964
Two important additional facts on the invited artists

   artist-info added group exhibitions of this period in December 2015 to its database and was looking closer to who was participating as artist at the important exhibition ‘Mythologies quotidiennes’ in July 1964.
   Our research did focus on two important issues of information on artists, missing in the 2008 retrospective.
1st Issue – Number of artists: The number of participating artists wasn’t 34 but 36.
2nd Issue – ‘Gracia’: As a custom way of exhibition information, the ‘Mythologies quotidiennes’ catalogue lists only the artist’s last name, without the first name. In this list appears the name ‘Gracia’.
Nobody could tell us the first name nor any biographical notes of this artist.

1st Issue – 36 instead of 34 artists

   In the foot note 2 of his text in the ‘Mythologies quotidiennes 2’ (28.4. – 5.6.1977) catalog Gérald Gassiot-Talabot refers to the exhibition ‘Mythologies quotidiennes’ in 1964 and mentions “… des artistes invités: [the 34 names] (hors catalogue: Yves Millet et Michael Warren)”.
Therefore the list of the 36 artists reads as follows

November 1, 2016
1964 CatalogOn CatalogOn
ALLEYNAlleyn, Edmund
(1931 - 2004)
(12)GOLUBGolub, Leon
(1922 - 2004)
ARNALArnal, François
(1924 - 2012)
(16)GRACIAGracia, Carmen
ARROYOArroyo, Eduardo
(76)KALINOWSKIKalinowski, H. E. [Horst Egon]
(1924 - 2013)
ATILAAtila, [Atila Biró]
(1931 - 1987)
(14)KLASENKlasen, Peter
BERNIBerni, Antonio
(1905 - 1981)
(18)KRAMERKramer, Harry
(1925 - 1997)
BERTHOLOBertholo, René
(1935 - 2005)
(17)Not in the catalogMillet, Yves
BERTINIBertini, Gianni
(1922 - 2010)
(43)MONORYMonory, Jacques
BETTENCOURTBettencourt, Pierre
(1917 - 2006)
(4)PISTOLETTOPistoletto, Michelangelo
BEYNONBeynon, Eric
(4)RANCILLACRancillac, Bernard
BRUSSEBrusse, Mark
(29)RAYNAUDRaynaud, Jean-Pierre
BURIBuri, Samuel
(34)RAYSSERaysse, Martial
CREMONINICremonini, Leonardo
(1925 - 2010)
(24)RECALCATIRecalcati, Antonio
DADODado, [Miodrag Đurić]
(1933 - 2010)
(32)REQUICHOTRéquichot, Bernard
(1929 - 1961)
FAHLSTRÖMFahlström, Öyvind
(1928 - 1976)
(115)SAINT-PHALLESaint-Phalle, Niki de
[Niki Matthews]
(1930 - 2002)
FOLDESFoldès, Peter
(1924 - 1977)
(14)SAULSaul, Peter
GAITISGaïtis, Yannis
(8)TELEMAQUETélémaque, Hervé
GEISSLERGeissler, Klaus
(5)VOSSVoss, Jan
GIRONELLAGironella, Alberto
(1929 - 1999)
(24)Not in the catalogWarren, Michael
About Leon Golub: His wife Nancy Spero and Leon Golub came to Paris in 1959 and went back to the United States in 1964.
See as well for Leon Golub our post Blog Post Influential Contemporary Art Exhibitions in the 20th and 21st Century, Exhibition Link New Images of Man, Sep – Nov 1959, Museum of Modern Art, New York, organized by Peter Selz.

2nd Issue – ‘GRACIA’ is ‘Carmen Gracia’

   The far more intriguing question was: who is Gracia?
Up to today in all the records for this period and for the ‘Mythologies quotidiennes’ exhibition only the last name ‘Gracia’ is listed.
   We very early came across the name Carmen Gracia, an artist born 1935 in Argentina, but couldn’t find any biographical notes on her neither in France nor in Houston (International Center for the Arts of the Americas, The Museum of Fine Arts) which would connect her to Paris of the 60s and in particular to ‘Mythologies quotidiennes’.
   We researched many exhibitions of this time in Paris. The archives of Gérald Gassiot-Talabot didn’t reveal any hint about Carmen Gracia. Then we continued to search outside France.
We finally were lucky to find Carmen Gracia in two catalogs of the Ljubljanski grafični bienale – Mednarodna Graficna Razstava (Exposition Internationale de Gravure) in Ljubljana, taking part at the 5th and the 6th edition of this biennial:
Exhibition Link Ljubljanski grafični bienale V – 1963 (together with an international selection of 332 artists) and Exhibition Link Ljubljanski grafični bienale VI – 1965 (together with an international selection of 396 artists).
   The biographical notes on Carmen Gracia in the biennial catalogs were a surprise and an answer to our question: Who is ‘Gracia’ in the exhbition ‘Mythologies quotidiennes’, 1964?
Née le 18 mai 1935 à Mendoza (Argentine). Études de peinture à l’Académie Provinciale des Beaux Arts et à l’École des Arts appliqués à Mendoza, et de sculpture à l’École Supérieure des Arts plastiques de l’Université de Cuyo. En 1960 voyage à Pairs. En 1965 boursière du Gouvernement Anglais. Fait actuellement des études à Paris à l’Atelier 17 chez Stanley William Hayter. Participe aux expositions de l’Atelier 17. Participation aux expositions de Paris (1e biennale de gravure), d’Ottawa, etc. Représentée dans des galeries à San Francisco et à Paris.

   Carmen Gracia was therefore very well connected in Paris in the 60s through Atelier 17 and studying there under Stanley William Hayter (1901 – 1988).

At Atelier 17 she met Jennifer Dickson (*1936) from London who introduced her work in England.
Through these contacts she met Anthony Gross (1905 - 1984), at that time head of printmaking at Slade School of Art in London.
Carmen Gracia became a full member of RE (Royal Society of Painter-Printmakers) in 1985.
(From an interview by Hatty Davidson with Carmen Gracia, published in the 'Autumn Newsletter 2014' of the Bankside Gallery, London)
Bankside Gallery Autumn Newsletter 2014

Bankside Gallery Autumn Newsletter 2014
Cover image by Carmen Gracia
'Inner Garden', colored etching
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artist-info insight – Review 2015

Analytics / Artists / Collector / Curators / Exhibition Statistics / Gallery / Museum / News and Notes / Non-Profit Place / Research
artist-info Review 2015 review 2015
New services, more valuable Analytics and Insight is a documentary source for solo- and group-exhibitions of contemporary art since 1929.
Cross-linking the exhibition history of more than 149.260 artists, 5.940 curators and 11.500 exhibition venues with more than 496.600 exhibitions provides new insight for evaluation and analytics like exhibition statistics and visualizing art networks.

Exhibition History Exhibitions since 1929

Many researched solo- and group-exhibitions were added to artist-info database, especially from earlier decades to better evaluate artists, curators, and exhibition venues with a long exhibition history.
Exhibition titles and sub-titles are now part of artist-info exhibition history information.

Influential Contemporary Art Exhibitions in the 20th and 21st Century

An exciting insight using artist-info database with important and influential exhibitions since 1929. Details of all selected exhibitions on

Summary section

For each artist. curator and exhibition venue a summary section and analytical overview was added

Exhibition Statistics Exhibition Statistics

Are Auctions a good place to buy Contemporary Art? – Auction sales records in comparison to exhibition statistics reveal two worlds apart

Visualizing Art Networks Visualizing Art Networks

Our most advanced service visualizes relations between exhibited artists.
A good example is related to the MoMA exhibition ‘Modern Photographs 1909-1949 – The Thomas Walther Collection’ with details on

artist-info on Instagram

Our Instagram feeds show details of artist-info news and exhibition events worldwide.


Today, January 25, 2016, you find with artist-info 149.265 artists and 5.945 curators in 496.606 shows (1930 – tomorrow) in 11.506 venues in 1.386 cities in 162 countries plus 328 professional and private classified offers.

artist-info Services

Our other services for contemporary art worldwide are
Exhibition Announcement WHAT’S ON-Exhibition AnnouncementsArtwork Offer Artwork Offers
Art world news with our JOUNRALArt Fairs Calendar
Artist Portfolio Artist-PortfoliosNewsletter Service
User accounts with ‘What’s on your mind’ community features, including a Buddies list and My Favorites listAdvertising Banners

Thomas Walther Collection Artists Today

Analytics / Art Networks Visualized / Artists / History / Research
Visualizing the Thomas Walther Collection

147 artists of the Thomas Walther Collection.
Our networkgraph shows how the artists are connected through exhibitions.
Visualizing Art Networks Click here to open a browser window with the Thomas Walther Collection Artist network visualization.

The Thomas Walther Collection Artists Today

Visualizing the participation in exhibitions since 1930
of the Thomas Walther Collection artists

  The photographic works of the 147 artists reunited in the MoMA exhibition in December 2014 were shown in many exhibitions of galleries, museums, and non-profit venues in many countries since the 1930’s.
  Some artists were shown more often than others, some together, some individually.
Based on thousands of exhibition records this artist-info ‘Visualizing Art Networks’ presentation analysis with an interactive network graph these records showing the appreciation of each of the 147 artists throughout the last 85 years.
  Among them Man Ray, Lászlo Moholy-Nagy, Lyonel Feininger, Walker Evans, Henri Cartier-Bresson, André Kertész, August Sander, Aleksander Rodchenko, Constantin Brancusi, Edward Weston, El Lissitzky, Alfred Stieglitz, Bérénice Abbott, Paul Strand, Edward Jean Steichen, Albert Renger-Patzsch, Karl Blossfeldt, Weegee, Manuel Álvarez Bravo, Herbert Bayer, Margaret Bourke-White.

The MoMA ‘Thomas Walther Collection’ Exhibition

  After four years of research and conservation initiative the MoMA, New York, was showing from December 13, 2104 – April 19, 2015 the work of 147 artists in
Modern Photographs from the Thomas Walther Collection, 1909–1949,
including a website with in-depth information,
  “The outstanding and early selection by collector Thomas Walther represents with the shown work of the 147 artists the innovative vision of the 20s and 30s, a transformative period of modern photography and the foundation of our photo-based world.”
  This statement for the 2015 MoMA exhibition is true in many ways and based on the research of many scholars.

Exhibition History Records and the Concept for this artist-info project

  Adding important new aspects this artist-info ‘Visualizing Art Networks’ project analysis with the help of an interactive network graph the participation of each of the 147 artists in more than 750 solo- and 1570 group-exhibitions since 1930.
  Go for all details of our survey to

1929 – 1931 Photography Exhibitions

Our survey in June 2015, which covers more than 2.290 solo- and group-exhibitions from 1929 – 2015, begins with the following important exhibitions of a short, but promising period of avant-garde and experimental photography
(Find on the artist-info page of each of the exhibition venues below the complete artist list of each exhibition)

Fotografie der Gegenwart

Jan 20 – Feb 17, 1929, Museum Folkwang, Essen
4 of altogether 12 known exhibition venues of this travelling exhibition are part of artist-info database.
March 10 – April 17, 1929, Kestner Gesellschaft Hannover
Jun 6 – 29, 1929, Whitechapel Gallery, London
Jul 7 – Aug 8, 1929 Frankfurter Kunstverein – FKV, Frankfurt am Main

Film und Foto – Internationale Ausstellung des Deutschen Werkbundes

Curator of the Stuttgart exhibition: Gustaf Stotz
The list of participating artists are different for each edition.
May – Jul 1929, Stuttgart, 1929, Ausstellungshallen auf dem Interimtheaterplatz, Konrad-Adenauer-Straße 3, D – 70173 Stuttgart
Oct 19 – Nov 17, 1929, Im Lichthof des Ehemaligen Kunstgewerbemuseums (today: Martin-Gropius-Bau), Berlin
Feb 20 – Mar 31, 1930, Österreichisches Museum

Das Lichtbild

Curator Josef M. Jurinek
Jun 5 – Sep 7, 1930, Münchener Bund und dem Verein Ausstellungspark München E.V.

Die neue Fotografie

Jan 11 – Feb 8, 1931, Gewerbemuseum Basel (today: Museum für Gestaltung Basel)


Apr 25 – May 31, Im Lichthof des Ehemaligen Kunstgewerbemuseums (today: Martin-Gropius-Bau), Berlin

  Go for all details of our survey to  

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Are Auctions a good place to buy Contemporary Art?

Analytics / Artists / Collector / Exhibition Statistics / Gallery / Museum / Non-Profit Place
artprice Top 500 Statistics

Analysis Aartprice stats artprice auction report  VERSUS  artist-info stats artist-info Exhibition Statistics Ranking
Details of Analysis A below

Are Auctions a good place to buy Contemporary Art?

Top 500 artist auction results analysis, the auction result and sales index specialist, did publish in October 2015 its ‘Contemporary Art Market Report 2015’ together with a Top 500 artist auction results analysis.
The report gives some interesting insight into the situation of contemporary art sold at auctions worldwide. Contemporary means: No Andy Warhols, Pablo Picassos, Joseph Beuys, or Robert Rauschenbergs are part of this artprice Top 500 list.

Reality Check – Comparing the artist’s auction performance with exhibition history statistics

As there are so many exhibitions in galleries, museums, nonprofit and collector venues worldwide we at artist-info were interested in comparing these rich and manifold activities with the artprice Top 500 list.
artist-info is with more than 145.500 artists and 5.580 curators in 472.100 shows (1930 – today) in 11.453 venues in 1.377 cities in 162 countries one of the most comprehensive Internet databases for exhibition histories worldwide.

We analyzed

A — artprice Top 500 auction result report artists VERSUS these artist’s artist-info Exhibition Statistics.
B — artist-info Exhibition Statistics for the artprice Top 500 artists VERSUS artprice Top 500 ranking.
C — The ALL ARTISTS artist-info Exhibition Statistics  VERSUS  the 500 artists in artprice Top 500 auction result report list.

Our Analysis A

The bar chart below shows for each of the 500 artists a blue artprice bar and a red artist-info bar side by side.
The applied sort order for the 500 artists of artprice’s auction report list results in a blue wedge, starting with the highest rank 500 and ending at rank 1. The red bar of each artist stands for the number of exhibitions in artist-info database to which we applied as well a ranking of 500 – 1.
Blue and red bars show no relation at all.

Analysis Aartprice stats artprice auction report  VERSUS  artist-info stats artist-info Exhibition Statistics Ranking
2 Slider Images < All 500 > < Detail >

Our Analysis B

We applied a 500 to 1 ranking based on the total number of exhibitions (solo- and group-exhibitions) in artist-info database to the artists in the artprice Top 500 list.
Again the result is a wedge, this time of red bars.
As 175 or 35% mainly Chinese artists of the artprice auction result list don’t have exhibitions documented in artist-info database the red wedge reaches the zero line much before the end. Is the market of these artists limited to auction rooms?
Again no relation between an artist’s red artist-info bar and the blue artprice bar.

Analysis Bartist-info stats artist-info Exhibition Statistics  VERSUS  artprice stats artprice auction report Top 500 Ranking
2 Slider Images < All 500 > < Detail >

Our Analysis C

Which position have the 500 artists of the artprice auction result report list in the overall artist-info Artist Exhibition Statistics, means Warhols, Picassos, Beuyss and Rauschenbergs included?
artist-info database documents more than 145.500 artists.
Our third bar chart with the 500 artists with the most exhibitions (solo- and group exhibitions) shows that only 84 or 17% of the artprice Top 500 list appear in the artist-info Exhibition Statistics Top 500 list.

Analysis C - Auction Results Records Analysis
Analysis Cartist-info Top 500 Exhibition Statistics VERSUS artprice auction report Top 500 artist list
artprice stats Solo-Exhibitions and artprice stats Group-Exhibitions

Reality Check – Our result

As far as we know this is the first time that an auction result report for contemporary art artists is compared with the reality of the contemporary art world, worldwide, using exhibition history documentation. Thus ‘reality’ means the artist’s public presence and appreciation in exhibitions at galleries, museums, non-profit or collector’s venues.
This analysis is made possible by the artist-info database with more than 145.500 artists in 472.100 shows (1930 – today) in 11.453 venues.

We were much surprised about this obvious result above.
Our bar charts show two worlds apart.
You would expect some relation between high number of exhibitions worldwide and an artist’s auction results total. No such relation exists.

It means that everybody who buys contemporary art at an auction should compare thoroughly the artist’s analysis of auction results with the artist’s activities at galleries, museums, non-profit or collector’s venues. Weighing the later findings higher than auction result analysis means more sustainability and less risk.

This is only one aspect of many more analysis for this auctions result report based on artist-info exhibition history documentation.

artist-info Analytics and Services

artist-info publishes a detailed Top 100 Artist Exhibition Statistics list on Artist Exhibition Statistics
For each artist, curator, gallery, museum, non-profit and collector’s venue artist-info publishes a short analysis of their artist-info exhibition history documentation.
New insight and most valuable surplus is made available with artist-info‘s Visualizing Art Networks Visualizing Art Networks.

artist-info provides for buyers and all who are interested in contemporary art worldwide a most valuable source of information and with its services like WHAT'S ON Exhibition Announcements and Artwork Offers Artwork Offers a unique place for all.

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Influential Contemporary Art Exhibitions in the 20th and 21st Century

Artists / Collector / Curators / Gallery / History / Influential Exhibitions / Museum / Non-Profit Place / Research
Influential Contemporary Art Exhibitions

Influential Contemporary Art Exhibitions in the 20th and 21st Century

Only time may tell us about the influence of an exhibition. Each decade has its own viewpoints.
The artist-info selection below is not based on any ‘blockbuster’ criteria. It is our research on exhibitions since 1930 to the present with the eye of an art historian and a historian which adds exhibitions to this constantly updated list.
You find for each exhibition in our list below the complete artist list on the venue’s or curator’s artist-info exhibition history page. Its information is cross-linked to all the other related exhibition histories in artist-info and is providing this way a unique source.

Resources for new research and analysis

Documenting the core information of the media ‘Exhibition’ and cross-linking the artist’s, and curator’s names with the exhibition venues is artist-info‘s main focus. This service provides new insight, which wasn’t available before.
The artist-info Visualizing Art Networks service with an interactive network graph may certainly be the most cutting edge one available, besides our Artist Exhibition Statistics and Exhibition History Summaries.

artist-info List of Influential Contemporary Art Exhibitions

Our List below starts 1929 with the first exhibition of the
Museum of Modern Art – MoMA, New York, Nov 7 – Dec 7, 1929
Cézanne, Gauguin, Seurat, Van Gogh, Curator: Alfred H. Barr,
which enjoyed an unexpected high number of visitors – despite ‘Black Tuesday’, Oct 29 at Wall Street which signaled the beginning of the 10-year ‘Great Depression’.

The selection of more than 50 influential exhibitions below shows how the positions of artists again and again open new perspectives.

Last Update January 12, 2017 - Please check back for new and updated Influential Exhibitions.
Exhibition Link artist-info page for this specific exhibition
Exhibition History More on the post
Exhibition History All artists and curators of a specific exhibition

International Pop

Exhibition Link Apr - Sep 2015, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis
Curator: Darsie Alexander, Bartholomew Ryan
Organized by the Walker Art Center and on view through August 29, 2015, ‘International Pop’ is a groundbreaking historical survey that chronicles the global emergence of Pop Art from the mid-1950s to the early 1970s.
The thematic sections are: New Realisms – The Image Travels & the Archive Shifts – Distribution & Domesticity – Pop & Politics – Love & Despair
International Pop asserts that Pop was not a singular artistic style or brand, but a roving spirit and ethos moving with unprecedented force through culture at large in the 1960s through a new abundance of everyday commodities, mass media production, and mainstream advertising.
Exhibition History All participating artists by thematic section and more details in our blog post 'International Pop' at Walker Art Center – Artists on View

The EY Exhibition: The World Goes Pop
Exhibition Link Sep 2015 - Jan 2016, Tate Modern, London
Curator: Flavia Frigeri, Jessica Morgan
The exhibition reveals the alternative stories of Pop, highlighting key figures of the era who have often been left out of mainstream art history. It will also reveal how Pop was never just a celebration of Western consumerism, but was often a subversive international language for criticism and public protest across the globe.
Exhibition History All participating artists on artist-info's Tate Modern page, and the curator's artist-info pages.

See as well below
1962, Mar - May, 4 Amerikanare. Moderna Museet, Stockholm
1962, Sep - Oct, New Painting of Common Objects, Pasadena Art Museum
1962, Nov - Dec, International Exhibition of the New Realists, Sidney Janis Gallery, New York
1964, Feb - Apr, Amerikansk Pop-konst, Moderna Museet, Stockholm, travelling to Louisiana Museum, and Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam
1964, Apr - Jun, Painting and Sculpture of a Decade: 54/64, Tate Gallery, London

Hide / Seek: Difference and Desire in American Portraiture

Exhibition Link Oct 2010 - Feb 2011, National Portrait Gallery, Washington D.C.
Curator: David C. Ward, Jonathan Katz
This is the first major museum exhibition to focus on sexual difference in the making of modern American portraiture. Hide/Seek considers such themes as the role of sexual difference in depicting modern America; how artists explored the fluidity of sexuality and gender; how major themes in modern art—especially abstraction—were influenced by social marginalization; and how art reflected society’s evolving and changing attitudes toward sexuality, desire, and romantic attachment.
Exhibition History All participating artists on

WACK!: Art and the Female Revolution

Exhibition Link Mar 4 - Jul 16, 2007, The Geffen Contemporary at The Museum of Contemporary Art - MOCA, Los Angeles
Curator: Cornelia Butler
WACK! Art and the Feminist Revolution is the first institutional exhibition to examine comprehensively the international foundations and legacy of art made under the influence of feminism. This groundbreaking and long-awaited historical survey focuses on the crucial period of 1965 to 1980, when the majority of feminist activism and art making took place around the world. Featuring works in a broad range of media—including painting, sculpture, photography, film, video, and performance—by approximately 120 artists from 21 countries, the exhibition explores intercontinental connections and themes based on media, geography, formal concerns, and collective aesthetic and political impulses.
Exhibition History All participating artists on
and the curator's artist-info pages

China Power Station: I / II / III

Exhibition Link China Power Station: I, Oct - Nov 2006, Serpentine Galleries, London (at Battersea Power Station)
Exhibition Link China Power Station: II, Sep - Dec 2007, Astrup Fearnley Museum of Modern Art, Oslo
Exhibition Link China Power Station: III, Apr - Sep 2008, MUDAM Luxembourg
Curator: Julia Peyton-Jones, Hans Ulrich Obrist, Gunnar B. Kvaran
The project was created as an evolving, dynamic exhibition in three parts as a result of a long research work, reflecting the surprising developments that the Chinese cultural scene has experienced over the last few decades.

Exhibition History All participating artists on the venue's artist-info page

About Chinese contemporary art see as well below, with notes on additional exhibitions
1989, The Stars: 10 Years
1993, China Avantgarde

iconoclash - Beyond the Image Wars in Science, Religion and Art

Exhibition Link May - Sep 2002, ZKM | Center for Art and Media, Karlsruhe
Curator: Peter Galison, Dario Gamboni, Joseph Leo Koerner, Bruno Latour, Adam Lowe, Hans Ulrich Obrist, Peter Weibel
This research and exhibition project took place 2 years before Facebook went online. Facebook has in April 2015 reported 1.4 Billion users, not to mention all the other social media and image community websites. iconoclash easily could be called not only groundbreaking but prophetic.
It joins for the first time different cultures from West to East, different epochs from Middle Ages to modernism, different practices from science to art, in the search for an understanding of the nature of the image. This question is more relevant than ever, because the question of the image, always answered differently from different political and cultural perspectives, is central in a society built more than ever on visual media for the question: What is reality? ... The quandary of the many artists, saints, scientists, militants who populate this project is that they are taken in between those two contradictory urges: 'If only we could do without images!' - 'We cannot do without images!'. This is what we call an iconoclash, that is, a deep uncertainty on the power, sanctity, and violence of images.; Bruno Latour, Peter Weibel, editors of the 700 pages catalog.
Exhibition History All participating artists on exhibition page
and the curator's artist-info pages.

Reflections in Black: A History of Black Photographers 1840 to the Present

Exhibition Link Feb - Jul 2000, Anacostia Museum, Washington D.C.
Curator: Deborah Willis
Deborah Willis, curator of exhibitions at the Smithsonian's Center for African-American History and Culture in Washington, has spent much of her career recovering the work of black photographers and trying to redress widespread ignorance of their accomplishments. ''Reflections in Black: A History of Black Photographers, 1840 to the Present,'' a historical and biographical survey with nearly 600 reproductions, is her latest effort toward this goal.
Exhibition History All participating artists on


Exhibition Link Nov 1997 - Jan 1998, Wiener Secession, Wien
Curator: HOU Hanru, Hans-Ulrich Obrist
"The urban explosion in Asia is generating a great number of new Global Cities. Apart from classical characteristics of global cities, such as being active elements of the world market and communication, various and multicultural urban culture, "internationalized" modes of life, inter-connectivity, etc. these new, Non-Western global cities also have their own specific characteristics: their own cultural traditions, historical backgrounds, which are mostly connected with the Colonial past and neo-colonial present, and hence new claims for developments. But, the most important is that, with their specific legacies, they become a new and original spaces in which new visions and understandings of Modernity, and new possibilities of "Utopian/dystopian" imaginations, can be elaborated and invented." says HOU Hanru

Exhibition History All artists on, as well as on, and


Exhibition Link Oct 1995 - Jan 1996, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis
Curator: Richard Flood
The exhibition sought to showcase a burgeoning group of English artists now known as the Young British Artists - YBAs.
The Walker's press material, defining the criteria for selection of artists in the exhibition, says:
"The artists chosen for the exhibition have become increasingly visible over the past six years in self-promoted, renegade exhibitions and publications that have cropped up throughout London. Their aesthetically diverse and provocative artworks are united by a shared interest in ephemeral materials, unconventional presentation, and an anti-authoritarian stance that lends their objects a youthful, aggressive vitality."
The selection included Henry Bond, Glenn Brown, Jake & Dinos Chapman, Adam Chodzko, Mat Collishaw, Tracey Emin, Angus Fairhurst, Anya Gallaccio, Liam Gillick, Damien Hirst, Gary Hume, Michael Landy, Abigail Lane, Sarah Lucas, Chris Ofili, Steven Pippin, Alessandro Raho, Georgina Starr, Gillian Wearing, Rachel Whiteread
Exhibition History All artists as well on
Exhibition History and on

Please see as well below Freeze, an exhibition curated by Damien Hirst in 1988, Dock Offices, Surrey Docks, London, as another reference for Young British Artists - YBA.

Black Male: Representations of Masculinity in Contemporary American Art

Exhibition Link Nov 1994 - Mar 1995, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York
Curator: Thelma Golden
Black Male investigated the complex aesthetics and politics at work in representations of African American men in the post-Civil Rights era.
The Whitney's multimedia exhibition looks at the black male as an icon. Showcasing work by 29 artists of varying race, ethnicity and gender (including David Hammons, Lorna Simpson, Robert Mapplethorpe, Pat Ward Williams, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Lyle Ashton Harris, and Andres Serrano, among others), the show, through installation pieces, photography, sculpture, film and video, presents a range of representation--images that "challenge and transform the 'negative' stereotypes," "real and imagined," writes Golden in the exhibition catalogue.

China Avantgarde

Exhibition Link Apr - May 1993, Haus der Kulturen der Welt - HKW, Berlin
Curator: Hans van Dijk, Jochen Noth, Andreas Schmid
The artists in the exhibition are DING Yi, FANG Lijun, GU Dexin, Geng Jianyi, Huang Yong-Ping, LIN Yilin, NI Haifeng, WANG Guangyi, WANG Jinsong, WU Shan Zhuan, YAN Pei-Ming, YU Youhan, ZHANG Peili, ZHAO Bandi, ZHAO Jianren

China Avantgarde at HKW, Berlin was another important and globally influential presentation of Chinese contemporary art at nearly the same time as
China's New Art, Post-1989 - With A Retrospective From 1979-1989, Jan - Feb 1993, at the Hanart T Z Gallery, as well as their exhibition The Stars: 10 Years, Jan 1989 (see below)

The series of important exhibitions of Chinese contemporary art continues with

Heart of Darkness

Exhibition Link Dec 1994 - Mar 1995, Kröller-Müller Museum, Otterlo
Curator: Marianna Brouwer

Another Long March - Chinese Conceptual Art 1997

Exhibition Link May - Aug 1997, Fundament Foundation, Tilburg
Curator: Marianna Brouwer, Chris Dreessen


Exhibition Link Nov 1997 - Jan 1998, Wiener Secession
Curator: HOU Hanru, Hans-Ulrich Obrist (see above)

Living in Time: 29 Contemporary Artists from China

Exhibition Link Sep 2001 - Jan 2002, Hamburger Bahnhof, Berlin
Curator: HOU Hanru, FAN Dian, Gabriele Knapstein
It was the first exhibition of cotemporary Chinese art officially supported by the Chinese government.

Whitney Biennial 1993

Exhibition Link Feb - Jun 1993, Whitney Biennial 1993, New York
Curator: Elizabeth Sussman, and Thelma Golden, John G. Hanhardt, Lisa Phillips
Among this Biennial's 82 artists are Cindy Sherman, Mike Kelley, Kiki Smith, Bill Viola, Nan Goldin, Robert Gober, Jack Pierson, Raymond Pettibon, Jimmie Durham, Matthew Barney
"Nonetheless, this Biennial is a watershed.
David A. Ross and his curators get credit for breaking the biennial mold and demonstrating that this mainstay of the contemporary art scene can be radically changed, rather than simply adjusted year to year. - Installation art, sculpture and late century Conceptualism claim the front lines here, with painting far to the rear. The presence of George Holliday's tape signals one of the show's basic flaws, which is that it is less about the art of our time than about the times themselves."
writes Roberta Smith in the New York Times, March 5, 1993.

China's New Art, Post-1989 - With A Retrospective From 1979-1989

Exhibition Link Jan - Feb 1993, Hanart TZ Gallery, Hong Kong
Curator: LI Xianting, CHANG Tsong-zung Johnson
The exhibition had the following 7 themes and was showing artwork of 55 artists:
Performance Art - The 1985 New Wave Art Movement / Political Pop - Cynical Realism: Irreverence and malaise - The Wounded Romantic Realism - Emotional Bondage: Fetishism and Sado-Masochism - Ritual and Purgation: Endgame Art - Introspection and Retreat into Formalism: New Abstract Art
Exhibition History All artists of China's New Art, Post-1989 - With A Retrospective From 1979-1989 and their exhibition history on

This is the second iconic exhibition by Hanart T Z Gallery, after The Stars: 10 Years in Jan 1989 - see below

Internal Affairs

Exhibition Link Dec 1991 - Feb 1992, ICA - Institute of Contemporary Arts, London
'Internal Affairs' was Damien Hirst's first Solo-Exhibition at a public gallery.
It included works from Hirst's most autobiographical series.

Magiciens de la terre

Exhibition Link May - Aug 1989, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris
Curator: Jean-Hubert Martin
Exhibition History All more than 100 artists on the artist-info page of Centre Georges Pompidou, and of Jean-Hubert Martin.
"What is especially important to recognize is that this will be the first truly international exhibition of worldwide contemporary art." says Jean-Hubert Martin in an interview in 'Art in America', no. 77, New York, May 1989.
Although Magiciens de la terre took place more than 25 years ago in Paris it was for many reasons an important moment in time and shows how contemporary art and artists are understood, then and today. The many statements and investigations are an example on how curatorial methods develop. A recent re-positioning was Retour sur 'Magiciens de la terre', Centre Pompidou, Paris, Jul - Sep 2014.
Today some call Jean-Hubert Martin with his 1989 exhibition a "'Prophet' of Globalisation" (Hans Belting, ZKM, Karlsruhe) who wasn't welcome, others call him provocateur, or pioneer.

Together with Jean-Hubert Martin's Magiciens de la terre in 1989 at the Centre Pompidou, Paris, another groundbreaking exhibition, which already took place in Sep 1984 should be mentioned

"Primitivism" in 20th Century Art: Affinity of the Tribal and the Modern

Exhibition Link Sep 1984 - Jan 1985, Museum of Modern Art - MoMA, New York
Curator: William Rubin, Kirk Varnedoe
The exhibition's four thematic sections are: Concepts, History, Affinities, Contemporary Explorations.
Exhibition History All contemporary art artists of "Primitivism" in 20th Century Art: Affinity of the Tribal and the Modern on the artist-info page of MoMA, of William Rubin, and Kirk Varnedoe.

The Stars: 10 Years

Exhibition Link Jan 1989, Hanart TZ Gallery, Hong Kong
AI Weiwei, BO Yun, HUANG Rui, LI Shuang, LI Yan, MAO Lizi, MA Desheng, QU Lei Lei, SHAO Fei, WANG Keping, YANG Yiping, YIN Guangzhong, ZHONG Ah Cheng
Curator: CHANG Tsong-zung Johnson
The exhibition 'The Stars: 10 Years' and its catalogue were produced on the occasion of the tenth anniversary of the first exhibition of the Stars which was held in Beijing in October 1979. It serves simultaneously as a documentary review of the tumultuous events the group had experienced, and an appraisal of their new artistic production since the members dispersed to all corners of the world.
Exhibition History All artists of The Stars: 10 Years and their exhibition history on

The Stars: 10 Years' and
Exhibition Link China's New Art, Post-1989 - With A Retrospective From 1979-1989
Jan - Feb 1993 (see above),
are two iconic exhibitions by Hanart T Z Gallery, Hong Kong, serving as a significant link with the international art world.

Stationen der Moderne

Die bedeutendsten Kunstausstellungen des 20. Jahrhunderts in Deutschland
Berlinische Galerie (at Martin-Gropius-Bau), Berlin, Sep 1988 - Jan 1989
Curator: Eberhard Roters, Bernhard Schulz
Stationen der Moderne documents in depth 20 exhibitions related to German art scenes from 1910–1969.
All artists participating in each of these exhibitions can be found here

Exhibition Link KG Brücke, Galerie Ernst Arnold, Dresden, Sep 1910
Exhibition Link Der Blaue Reiter, Moderne Galerie - Heinrich Thannhauser, München, Dec 1911 - Jan 1912
Exhibition Link Erster Deutscher Herbstsalon Berlin 1913, Galerie Der Sturm - Herwarth Walden, Berlin, Sep - Dec 1913
Exhibition Link Erste Internationale Dada-Messe, Kunsthandlung Dr. Otto Burchard, Berlin, Jun - Aug 1920
Exhibition Link Erste Russische Kunstausstellung, Galerie van Diemen, Berlin, Oct - Dec 1922
Exhibition Link Neue Sachlichkeit - Bilder auf der Suche nach der Wirklichkeit - Figurative Malerei der zwanziger Jahre, Kunsthalle Mannheim, Jun - Sep 1925
Exhibition Link Film und Foto - Internationale Ausstellung des Deutschen Werkbundes, Ausstellungshallen auf dem Interimtheaterplatz, Stuttgart, May - Jul 1929
Exhibition Link Große Deutsche Kunstausstellung 1937, Haus der Kunst, München, Jul - Oct 1937
Exhibition Link Entartete Kunst, Münchner Hofgarten, München, Jul - Sep 1938
Exhibition Link Exhibition of Twentieth Century German Art, New Burlington Galleries, London, Jul 1938
Exhibition Link Exposition de l'union des artistes libres 1938, Maison de la culture, Paris, Nov 1938
Exhibition Link Allgemeine Deutsche Kunstausstellung Dresden 1946, Stadthalle Nordplatz, Dresden, Aug - Oct 1946
Exhibition Link ZEN 49 und Gäste, Central Art Collecting Point, München, Apr 1950
Exhibition Link Subjektive Fotografie, Staatlichen Schule für Kunst und Handwerk, Saarbrücken, Jul 1951
Exhibition Link Quadriga, Zimmergalerie Franck, Frankfurt am Main, Dec 1952
Exhibition Link documenta II, documenta, Kassel, Jun - Oct 1959
Exhibition Link Zero - der neue Idealismus, Galerie Diogenes, Berlin, Mar - Apr 1963
Exhibition Link Kleines Sommerfest - après John Cage
Exhibition Link Kleines Sommerfest - Ausstellung, Galerie Parnass, Wuppertal, Jun 1962
    Neo-Dada in der Musik, Kammerspiele, Düsseldorf, Jun 1962
    Fluxus Internationale Festspiele Neuester Musik, Museum Wiesbaden, Sep 1962
    Festum Fluxorum Fluxus, Staatliche Kunstakademie Düsseldorf, Feb 1963
Exhibition Link Retrospektive 1964/65 - Ein Jahr Großgörschen, Großgörschen 35, Berlin, Sep - Oct 1965
    Fernsehgalerie Berlin Gerry Schum , Sender Freies Berlin, 1st Program, Apr 1969


Exhibition Link Jul 1988, Dock Offices, Surrey Docks, London
Curator: Damien Hirst
Steven Adamson, Angela Bulloch, Mat Collishaw, Ian Davenport, Angus Fairhurst, Anya Gallaccio, Damien Hirst, Gary Hume, Michael Landy, Abigail Lane, Sarah Lucas, Lala Meredith-Vula, Stephen Park, Richard Patterson, Simon Patterson, and Fiona Rae.
During his time at Goldsmiths College of Art Damien Hirst organized in July 1988 in an empty London Port Authority building at Surrey Docks in London Docklands his first exhibition, entitled Freeze.
Many of the participating artists, later known as YBA – Young British Artists, are well known today but not so in July 1988:
Blog Post More details on our blog post Damien Hirst – Curator

Please see as well
Exhibition Link Brilliant! exhibition, 1995, Walker Art Center, on this page as another reference for Young British Artists - YBA.

A New Spirit in Painting

Exhibition Link Jan - Mar 1981, Royal Academy of Arts, London
Curator: Norman Rosenthal, Sir Nicolas Serota, Christos M. Joachimides

The last important survey in London was the '54-'64: Painting and Sculpture of a Decade exhibition at the Tate Gallery, Apr - Jun 1964.
The selection of A New Spirit in Painting at the Royal Academy of Arts leans heavily on figurative painting, and the numbers of represented artists with German painters, 11, United States 9, Great Britain 8, the rest of the world 10 showed as well a shift in attention in comparison to '54-'64: Painting and Sculpture of a Decade.

Transformer: Aspects of Travesty

Exhibition Link Mar - Apr 1974, Kunstmuseum Luzern
Curator: Jean-Christophe Ammann
Luciano Castelli, Jürgen Klauke, Urs Lüthi, Pierre Molinier, Tony Morgan, Luigi Ontani, Walter Pfeiffer, Andrew Sherwood, Katharina Sieverding, Alex Silber [Werner Alex Meyer], The Cockettes [Hibiscus - George Harris], Andy Warhol.
"The exhibition takes its title from the seminal 1972 album by Lou Reed, finding its parallel in the worlds of fashion and glam-rock. Transformer examines the politics and aesthetics of transgressing identity and at the disruptive sexualisation of masculinity by incorporating characters usually labeled as 'feminine'", as Brian Eno reflected with a text written for the original catalogue.

Also to be mentioned a re-proposition of
Transformer: Aspects of Travesty
Exhibition Link by Richard Saltoun Gallery, London, Dec 2013 - Feb 2014


Exhibition Link Jul - Sep 1970, Museum of Modern Art, New York
Curator: Kynaston McShine
Information takes a broad look at the new directions of many artists around the world. It will consist of documentation of their ecological work renderings for possible or "impossible" projects (for example, "earthworks" to be executed in the desert), photographic series which record ideas; information transmitted through the various communications systems, and environmental situations.
Exhibition History All artist of Information on
Exhibition History and

Live In Your Head: When Attitudes Become Form

Exhibition Link Mar - Apr 1969, Kunsthalle Bern
Curator: Harald Szeemann
Szeemann’s own summary of the show’s content was itself lengthy, but it signaled this shift in the relationship of artist, studio and museum: "the obvious opposition to form; the high degree of personal and emotional engagement; the pronouncement that certain objects are art, although they have not previously been defined as such; the shift of interest away from the result towards the artistic process; the use of mundane objects; the interaction of work and material; Mother Earth as medium, workplace, the desert as concept."
Exhibition History All artists of Live In Your Head: When Attitudes Become Form on
Exhibition History and

Christo - Wrapped Kunsthalle Bern

Exhibition Link Jul - Sep 1968, Kunsthalle Bern
In 1968 Harald Szeemann gave as part of the exhibition 12 Environments - 50 Jahre Kunsthalle Bern Christo and Jeanne-Claude their first opportunity to wrap an entire building: the Kunsthalle itself.
The other 11 artists: Mark Brusse, Piotr Kowalski, Konrad Lueg [Konrad Fischer], Bernhard Luginbühl, Lutz Mommartz, Martial Raysse, Klaus Rinke, Jean-Frédéric Schnyder, Jesús Raphaël Soto, Günther Uecker, Andy Warhol.
Curator: Harald Szeemann


Exhibition Link Sep - Oct 1967, Städtisches Museum in Mönchengladbach
First in-depth museum exhibition of Joseph Beuys. All objects of the exhibition were bought by collector Karl Ströher and became the famous 'Beuys Block', now on display at the Hessisches Landesmuseum Darmstadt.
Karl Ströher financed the purchase of 'Beuys Block' and of a renowned Pop-Art collection, including Andy Warhol among other important artists, by selling his collection of Expressionist and Informel artworks.
For Joseph Beuys see as well below 1965 and 1963.

Primary Structures: Younger American and British Sculptors

Exhibition Link Apr - Jun 1966, Jewish Museum, New York
Curator: Kynaston McShine
Exhibition History All artist of Primary Structures: Younger American and British Sculptors on
Exhibition History and

Joseph Beuys - ... irgend ein Strang ...

Exhibition Link Exhibition opening November 26, 1965, at Galerie Schmela, Düsseldorf
It is Beuys' first solo exhibition in a commercial gallery.
... irgend ein Strang ... consisted of three parts:
- The object itself
- The opening of the exhibition ... irgend ein Strang ..., paintings and objects 1951 - 1965
- The performance: How to Explain Pictures to a Dead Hare (wie man dem toten Hasen die Bilder erklärt)

Jun – Oct 1964 Joseph Beuys took part the first time at a documenta show in Kassel.
documenta III was the last documenta directed by Arnold Bode and Werner Haftmann together.

White On White

Exhibition Link Oct - Nov 1965, deCordova Museum and Sculpture Park, Lincoln (MA)
The rumor Pop Art was provoking in the sixties shouldn't prejudice the view on other movements. The exhibition The Responsive Eye by William Seitz at the MoMA, Feb - Apr 1965 was an important statement for 'Op Art'. Especially during the sixties many exhibitions were focusing on the color white and the many reasons artists were attracted by it.
Sep - Oct 1965, Weiss-Weiss, by Joseph Beuys at Galerie Schmela, Düsseldorf,
May - Jul 1966, Weiss auf Weiss by Harald Szeeman, Kunsthalle Bern
are only two among many others you may find by searching artist-info for weiss, white, bianco.
The White On White exhibition at the deCordova Museum was chosen for this list because the selection of artists and artwork provides a thoughtful overview, based on George Rickey's (Art Journal, 1964) and Barbara Rose's (Art in America, 1965) texts on constructivist artists. The exhibition provides a view from the outside on what happened in Europe, and in America. It was as well an important statement against the many art critics who disfavored the 'cool art, 'idiot art', 'know-nothing-nihilism'.
46 important museums, galleries, and collectors were lending artwork for White On White. Among them Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo; Leo Castelli Gallery, New York; Iris Clert, Paris; Richard Feigen Gallery, New York; Galerie Chalette, New York; Hanover Gallery, London; Internationale Galerij Orez, Den Haag; Martha Jackson Gallery, New York; Marlborough Galleria d'Arte, Roma; Museum of Modern Art, New York; The Pace Gallery, New York; The Betty Parsons Gallery, New York; Stable Gallery, New York.

Exhibition History All artists of White On White on the exhibition's artist-info page

The Responsive Eye

Exhibition Link Feb - Apr, 1965, Museum of Modern Art, New York
Curator: William C. Seitz
These works exist less as objects to be examined than as generators of perceptual responses in the eye and mind of the viewer. Using only lines, bands and patterns, flat areas of color, white, gray or black or cleanly cut wood, glass, metal and plastic, perceptual artists establish a new relationship between the observer and a work of art. William C. Seitz, exhibition catalog text.
The exhibition was an important statement for 'Op Art'. It avoided overt emotional expression, subject matter altogether, was cool, detached, and almost mechanical in appearance, where as Pop Art, the other important movement of the 60s relied on cartoons, commercial advertisements, celebrities as subjects, and was often a subversive international language for criticism and public protest across the globe.
It was the most visited exhibition in MoMA's history since 1929.

See above
International Pop, Apr - Sep 2015, at Walker Art Center, Minneapolis
The EY Exhibition: The World Goes Pop, Sep 2015 - Jan 2016, Tate Modern, London

Exhibition History All artists of The Responsive Eye on the artist-info pages and

The Shaped Canvas

Exhibition Link Dec 1964, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York
Paul Feeley, Sven Lukin, Richard Smith, Frank Stella, Neil Williams
Curator: Lawrence Alloway

Also to be mentioned 50 years later

The Shaped Canvas, Revisited

Exhibition Link May – Jul 2014, at Luxembourg & Dayan - New York

'54-'64: Painting and Sculpture of a Decade

Exhibition Link Apr - Jun 1964, Tate Gallery, London
Curator: Alan Bowness, Lawrence Gowing, Philip James, nominated by the Calouste Gulbekian Foundation, which initiated the exhibition.

Exhibition Link June 20, 1964, the 32. Venice Biennial opened, introducing Europe to Pop Art, and awarding the American Robert Rauschenberg as the first American artist the Gran Premio.
Exhibition Link 54/64 closed and June 28, 1964: documenta III opened, this same day!
The exhibition's selection of 169 artists (see all artists on the artist-info page of Tate Gallery, and of the curators) to showcase a decade was applauded as well as criticized, as a stylish experiment. Why was Jackson Pollock present only with one single inadequate work, like Pablo Picasso, while Richard Diebenkorn, Dine, Hockney, Jones, Lichtenstein, and Rauschenberg were celebrated with several works: Rauschenbergs 6 paintings covered 18 times more wall space than Pollock.

After 50 years the curator's selection proofs to not have been this wrong.
Jackson Pollock was reestablished as well,
not only with Bice Curiger's

Birth of the Cool

Exhibition Link in Jun - Sep, 1997 at Kunsthaus Zürich.

Amerikansk Pop-konst

Exhibition Link Feb - Apr 1964, Moderna Museet, Stockholm
With Jim Dine, Roy Lichtenstein, Claes Oldenburg, James Rosenquist, George Segal, Andy Warhol, and Tom Wesselmann
This early European Pop Art exhibition traveled to the Louisiana Museum, Humlebæk, Apr - May, and to the Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam, Jun - Jul 1964, with Pontus Hultén as curator.

Marcel Duchamp

Exhibition Link Oct - Nov 1963, Pasadena Art Museum
Curator: Curator: Walter Hopps
First U.S. retrospective of Marcel Duchamp

Joseph Beuys demolishes one of Nam June Paik's four pianos

During the exhibition Exposition of Music – Electronic Television of Nam June Paik,
Exhibition Link in March 1963 in Galerie Parnass, Wuppertal, Joseph Beuys demolished unexpectedly one of four pianos, which Nam June Paik had prepared with objects of daily use and barbed wire for his second solo-exhibition.
Neither the galerist, Rolf Jährling, nor Nam June Paik, nor the audience was informed before about Beuys' performance.
Joseph Beuys was since 1961 professor at the Kunstakademie Düsseldorf.

International Exhibition of the New Realists

Exhibition Link Nov - Dec 1962, Sidney Janis Gallery, New York
Arman [Armand Pierre Fernandez], Christo [Christo Javacheff], Öyvind Fahlström, Robert Indiana, Yves Klein (Apr 1928 - Jun 1962), Roy Lichtenstein, Marisol [Maria Sol Escobar], Claes Oldenburg, James Rosenquist, Daniel Spoerri, Wayne Thiebaud, Jean Tinguely, Andy Warhol

"As the Abstract Expressionist became the world recognized painter of the 50s, the new Factual artist (referred to as the Pop Artist in England, the Polymaterialist in Italy, and here as in France, as the New Realist [Other title applied to artists with this point of view: Commonists; Neo-Dadaists; Factualists; Artists of Pop Culture and Popular Realists.] may already have proved to be the pacemaker of the 60s." (by Sidney Janis, Exhibition Catalogue).
"The older artists, particularly Guston, Motherwell, Gottlieb, and Rothko, strongly opposed. They had a protest meeting and decided not to be associated with what they believed to be Johnnys-come-lately, and withdrew from the gallery as a body." said Sidney Janis.
Exhibition History All artists of International Exhibition of the New Realists and more Exhibition History with all exhibited artists of Sidney Janis Gallery from Sep 1948 - Jun 1998 on

Les Nouveaux Réalistes

Exhibition Link Apr 1960, Galleria Apollinaire, Milano
In the preface to the catalogue of the exhibition Les Nouveaux Réalistes in April 1960 at Galleria Apollinaire, Milano, Pierre Restany used the expression "New Realism" for the first time. The show included work by Arman, François Dufrêne, Raymond Hains, Yves Klein, Jean Tinguely, and Jacques Villeglé.
"What do we propose instead? The passionate adventure of the real perceived in itself and not through the prism of conceptual or imaginative transcription. What is its mark? The introduction of a sociological continuation of the essential phase of communication. Sociology comes to the assistance of consciousness and of chance, whether this be at the level of choice or of the tearing up of posters, of the allure of an object, of the household rubbish or scraps of the dining-room, of the unleashing of mechanical susceptibility, of the diffusion of sensibility beyond the limits of its perception…
At the stage, most essential in its urgency, of full affective expression and of the externalization of the individual creator, and through the naturally baroque appearance of certain experiences, we are on the way to a new realism of pure sensibility. There, to say the least, is one of the paths of the future."
Pierre Restany

New Painting of Common Objects

Exhibition Link Sep - Oct 1962, Pasadena Art Museum
Curator: Walter Hopps
Jim Dine, Robert Dowd, Joe Goode, Phillip Hefferton, Roy Lichtenstein, Ed Ruscha, Wayne Thiebaud, Andy Warhol.
First Pop exhibition in a museum, at the Pasadena Art Museum (now the Norton Simon Museum).
Lynn Foulkes complained: "I had to have the show and I had three rooms [Sep - Oct]. It was a big show. There was one [other] room with only about 15 paintings in this one room, and this was Walter's big hit. He's going to market it, “Pop Art on the West Coast.” So he has his first show and he's making this big poster. I remember at the time he's doing this big poster. It’s gigantic, all in color and they didn't do a lot of color stuff at that time. It was big and in color. It was going to be expensive, and I wanted to see what they’re doing with my poster for the Pasadena Art Museum. Well, he said they couldn't afford to do mine, even though my show was much bigger. He couldn't afford to do mine because he was pushing himself. He was going to do this big, gigantic color poster on Pop Art. "
In: Oral history interview with Llyn Foulkes, 1997 June 25-1998 Dec. 2, by Paul Karlstrom, for the Archives of American Art.

See also
Blog Post On this page and on artist-info blog post about the exhibition International Pop, at Walker Art Center, 2015, including the complete artist list, by thematic exhibition sections. A groundbreaking historical survey that chronicles the global emergence of Pop Art from the mid-1950s to the early 1970s, Exhibition Link Apr - Aug, 2015, at Walker Art Center, Minneapolis.

Amerikansk Pop-konst

Exhibition Link Feb - Apr 1964, at the Moderna Museet, Stockholm

4 Amerikanare

Exhibition Link Mar - May 1962, Moderna Museet, Stockholm
This exhibition was shown as well from Jun - Jul at Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam, and Jul - Sep, 1962 at Kunsthalle Bern by Harald Szeemann
With Jasper Johns, Alfred Leslie, Robert Rauschenberg, Eugeniusz Get-Stankiewicz

A groundbreaking change seemed to take place.
Jackson Pollock, the major figure in the abstract expressionist movement, had a solo show at
Moderna Museet, Stockholm, only one year later, Feb - Apr 1963.
The new era was even more obvious one year later in London in the
Exhibition Link Tate Gallery exhibition, Apr - Jun 1964

Painting and Sculpture of a Decade: 54/64

One small painting by Jackson Pollock was opposed to six large Robert Rauschenbergs. (see above)

Painting and Sculpture of a Decade: 54/64 in London was paralleled in Stockholm by

Amerikansk Pop-konst

Exhibition Link at the Moderna Museet, Feb - Apr 1964, travelling to Louisiana Museum, and Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam. (see above)

Nul 62

Exhibition Link Mar 1962, Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam
Nul 62 at the Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam was the first significant exhibition in a museum for the ZERO network and included 24 participating artists.
Nul 65, Exhibition Link Apr - Jun 1965 at the Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam, this exhibition proved to be one of the most comprehensive representations of the richness and diversity of art being produced by the artists of the ZERO network. It took place at a high point in the history of ZERO, yet it was the last major museum exhibition of the network in the 1960s.
ZERO: Countdown to Tomorrow, 1950s–60s, Exhibition Link Oct 2014 – Jan 2015 at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, was a first large-scale survey in a United States museum dedicated to the history of the experimental German artists’ group Zero (1957–66) and ZERO, an international network of artists that shared the group’s aspiration.

All participating artists of these 3 exhibitions on
Exhibition History - Nul 62
Exhibition History - Nul 65

Exhibition History

The Art of Assemblage

Exhibition Link Oct - Nov 1961, Museum of Modern Art, New York
Curator: William Seitz
The MoMA Press Release of Oct 4, 1961, states about this "new realism":
Collage and the method of juxtaposition are relevant to the basic questions raised by
20th century art - the nature of reality, the nature of painting Itself, and the methods
by which creative thought is organized.
"The term 'assemblage1 has been singled out with this duality in mind, to denote not only a specific technical procedure and form used in the literary and musical as well as the plastic arts, but also a complex of attitudes and ideas.", says Seitz in the catalog.
Exhibition History All 138 artists on, and the curator's page.

New Forms - New Media

One year earlier than The Art of Assemblage
and two years earlier than Sidney Janis' New Realists (see above)
Exhibition Link Martha Jackson, New York, did organize her ground-breaking two part New Forms - New Media exhibition in Jun 1960 and the second part from Sep - Oct 1960.
"... But an attack on the aristocracy of art by and with art is the main point of the exhibition although
'attack' is too aggressive a noun for the witty, ingratiating social activity to which so many of these works are dedicated."
, writes Thomas R. Hess in his review for 'Art News', Summer 1960.

Bewogen Beweging

Exhibition Link Mar - Apr 1961, Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam
Curator: Pontus Hultén, Daniel Spoerri
In total, 233 works by 83 artists from eighteen countries were shown, among them Robert Rauschenberg, Jasper Johns, Man Ray, Alberto Giacometti, Alexander Calder, Dieter Roth, Marcel Duchamp, Richard Hamilton, Jean Tinguely, Heinz Mack, Niki de Saint Phalle.
The exhibition brought together artists working in kinetic art, performance, happenings and film, along with a host of 'static' works - some by artists linked to Neo-Dadaism, such as Robert Rauschenberg. The exhibition was described as the first 'International Exhibition of Art in Motion'.
The exhibition was shown as well at the
Moderna Museet, Stockholm, Rörelse i konsten, May - Sep 1961
Louisiana Museum, Humlebæk, Bevægelse i kunsten, Sep - Oct 1961

Exhibition History All artists of Bewogen Beweging on and

See below
Apr 1955, Le Movement, at Galerie Denise René, Paris

New Images of Man

Exhibition Link Sep - Nov 1959, Museum of Modern Art, New York
Curator: Peter Selz
Karel Appel, Kenneth Armitage, Francis Bacon, Leonard Baskin, Reginald 'Reg' Butler, Cosmo Campoli, César [César Baldaccini], Richard Diebenkorn, Jean Dubuffet, Alberto Giacometti, Leon Golub, Balcomb Greene, Willem de Kooning, Rico Lebrun, James McGarrell, Jan Müller, Nathan Oliveira, Sir Eduardo Paolozzi, Jackson Pollock, Germaine Richier, Theodore J. Roszak, H.C. [Horace Clifford] Westermann, Fritz Wotruba
"The revelations and complexities of mid-twentieth century life have called forth profound feelings of solitude and anxiety. The imagery of man which has emerged from this feeling sometimes shows a new dignity, sometimes despair, but always the uniqueness of man as he confronts his fate. These image-makers take the human situation, indeed the human predicament, rather than formal structure, as their starting point. The existence of man rather than the essence of form is of the greatest concern to them," Dr. Selz says.
Although having been included in this important exhibition Leon Golub and his wife Nancy Spero opted to live in Paris from 1959 through 1964, a move occasioned in part by the belief that Europe would be more receptive to their work dealing overtly with issues of power, sexual and political.

Exhibition History All artists of New Images of Man on, New York

Jackson Pollock

Exhibition Link Nov - Dec 1958, Whitechapel Gallery, London
The Gallery presented the first major show in Britain of American abstract expressionist Jackson Pollock.

German Art of the 20th Century

Exhibition Link Oct - Dec 1957, Museum of Modern Art, New York
Curator: William S. Lieberman, Andrew Carnduff Ritchie
The most comprehensive survey ever presented in this country, will be on view at the Museum of Modern Art. More than 170 paintings, sculptures and prints, dating from the beginning of German expressionism in the first decade of this century to a selective representation of recent work will be shown on two gallery floors.

Dr. Bruno E. Werner mentioned in his speech accompanying the opening the other important MoMA exhibition
German Painting and Sculpture, MoMA Exh. #11, Mar - Apr, 1931, exhibiting work of 25 artists. They can be found on the Exhibition History page of MoMA

Exhibition History All artists of German Art of the 20th Century on, New York
Exhibition History and

Objects on the New Landscape Demanding of the Eye

Exhibition Link Mar - Apr 1957, Ferus Gallery, Los Angeles
Curator: Walter Hopps (1932 - 2005), Edward Kienholz (1927 - 1994)
Los Angeles artists who had their first solo shows at the gallery included:
Sonia Gechtoff 1957 with the gallery's first solo show, Wallace Berman (1957), Billy al Bengston (1958), Ed Moses (1958), Robert Irwin (1959), John Mason (1959), Kenneth Price (1960), Llyn Foulkes (1962), Larry Bell (1962), and Ed Ruscha (1963).
Ferus Gallery was the first gallery to show Warhol's Soup Cans in 1962.
Exhibition History Exhibition History on artist-info Ferus Gallery page
Blog Post More details on Ferus Gallery on our blog post Ferus Gallery – the artists, curators, and exhibitions – its history

Yves Klein: Proposte monocrome, epoca blu

Exhibition LinkJan 1957, Galerie Appolinaire, Milano
Beginning of the Blue Period. For the first time, Yves Klein presented an entire room of blue monochromes, eleven works of identical format (78 x 56 cm), uniformly painted in ultramarine blue, one of which was purchased by Lucio Fontana.

To be mentioned as well for the Blue Period
Yves Klein - Propositions Monochromes
Exhibition LinkMay 1957, Galerie Schmela, Düsseldorf
and earlier in 1956
Yves Klein - Propositions Monochromes
Exhibition Link Feb - Mar 1956, Galerie Colette Allendy, Paris
"... Far beyond the outpourings of other worlds, already so imperceptible to our common sense of the reasonable, somewhat removed, no doubt, from what is called "the art of painting," at the level in any case of the most pure and essential emotional resonances, are these rigorously monochrome propositions: each of them sets off a visual field, a colored space, stripped of all graphic transcription and thus escaping from time’s duration, devoted to the unified expression of a certain tonality. ...", part of Pierre Restany's radical and provocative text for the invitation card.

documenta I

Exhibition Link Jul - Sep 1955, Fridericianum, Kassel
Curator: Arnold Bode, Werner Haftmann
In 1955, the Kassel painter and academy professor Arnold Bode endeavored to bring Germany back into dialogue with the rest of the world after the end of World War II, and to connect the international art scene through a “presentation of twentieth century art.” He founded the “Society of Western Art of the 20th Century” in order to present art that had been deemed by the Nazis as degenerate as well as works from classical modernity that had never been seen in Germany in the destroyed Museum Fridericianum, Kassel.

documenta I took place Jul 15 - Sep 18 as part of the Bundesgartenschau (Federal Horticultural Show) which took place in Kassel at that time. It featured 144 artists, of whom many are generally considered to have had a significant influence on modern art, such as Pablo Picasso, Joan Miró, Paul Klee, Marc Sacharovitsch Chagall, Max Beckmann, Max Ernst, Henri Matisse, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Alexander Calder, Wassily Kandinsky, Henry Moore, Hans (Jean) Arp, Josef Albers, Georges Braque, Emil Nolde, Fernand Léger, Lyonel Feininger, Ernst Wilhelm Nay, Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, Otto Dix.
Exhibition History All 144 artists on
Exhibition History and on, and

Le Movement

Exhibition Link Apr 1955, Galerie Denise René, Paris
Curator: Pontus Hultén, Denise René
Yaacov Agam, Robert Breer, Pol Bury, Alexander Calder, Marcel Duchamp, Robert Jacobsen, Jesús Raphaël Soto, Jean Tinguely, Victor Vasarely
Besides emphasizing movement as an extension of artistic expression in the classical disciplines, the manifesto distributed for the exhibition at the Galerie Denise René focused in particular on cinema. Vasarely's 'Notes pur un Manifeste', the yellow leaflet produced for the exhibition, postulated couleur, lumière, mouvement & temps as the basic principles for the further development of kinetic sculpture.

Le Mouvement. From Cinema to Kinetics

Exhibition Link In Feb - May 2010 Museum Tinguely, Basel, did restage this important exhibition.

Vision in Motion / Motion in vision

Exhibition Link Mar - May 1959 at Hessenhuis, Antwerp, took place four years later,
and six years later

Bewogen Beweging

Mar - Apr 1961, Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam, Pontus Hultén and Daniel Spoerri organized their 'International Exhibition of Art in Motion' with 83 artists.
See above.

The Family of Man

Exhibition Link Jan 26 - May 8, 1955, Museum of Modern Art, New York
Curator: Edward Steichen (1879 - 1973)
The full title of the exhibition on the invitation reads: "The Family of Man - An Exhibition of creative Photography, dedicated to the dignity of man, conceived and executed by Edward Steichen."

The exhibition did show in 42 sections 506 photographs of 260 photographers, according to the checklist. After New York the show toured for 8 years through 37 countries, in different versions, seen by nearly 9 million people.
Commenting on the show, Mr. Steichen says: Photographers all over the world have made this exhibition possible. They have photographed the everyday story of man - his aspirations, his hopes, his loves, his foibles, his greatness, his cruelty his compassion, his relations to his fellow man as it is seen in him wherever he happens to live, whatever language he happens to speak, whatever clothes he happens to wear.
Edward Steichen was lauded for his show as well as criticized in 1955 as well as in the many years after. Just 10 years after the end of World War II his selection for 'The family of Man' followed a wide scope of images, ranging from artistic to journalistic photography, being a 'universal language' for a universal scheme.
Exhibition History All participating artists on

The exhibition was reinstalled 1994 at Chateau Clervaux in Luxembourg.

David Octavius Hill - Portrait Photographs 1843-1848

Exhibition Link Sep - Oct 1941, Museum of Modern Art, New York
Curator: Beaumont Newhall (1908 - 1993)

The MoMA press release states: "These photographs, the earliest of which were made only four years after the invention of photography, are remarkable documents of camera work, taking a place in the history of photography comparable to that of the Gutenberg Bible in the history of typography.
But it is for their artistic quality rather than for their archaeological significance that these forty prints, chosen from the collection of Heinrich Schwarz of Buffalo, New York, are exhibited. They represent perhaps the first use of photography as a medium of artistic expression, and form a part of its rich tradition."
Exhibition History

Pablo Picasso - 'Guernica'

Exhibition Link Sep 1938, Whitechapel Gallery, London
Curator: Clement Attlee, Roland Penrose (1900 - 1984)

Showing Pablo Picasso's 'Guernica ', commissioned by the Spanish Republican government to be exhibited at the Spanish Pavilion of 1937 World's Fair in Paris, together with 'The Reaper' by Joan Miró and 'Mercury Fountain' by Alexander Calder.
After Paris 'Guernica' was shown together with works by Matisse, Braque and Laurens in Oslo, Copenhagen, Stockholm and Göteborg, before arriving in London.
It is today part of the collection of Museo Nacional. Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid.

Exposition Internationale du Surréalisme

Exhibition Link Jan - Feb 1938, Galerie Beaux Arts, Paris
It was organised by the French writer André Breton, the surrealists' brain and theorist, and Paul Éluard, the best known poet of the movement.
The catalogue listed, along with the above, Marcel Duchamp as generator and arbitrator (to appease the partly fierce conflicts mainly between Breton and Éluard), Salvador Dalí and Max Ernst as technical advisers, Man Ray as head lighting technician and Wolfgang Paalen as responsible for the design the entrance and main hall with "water and foliage".
Galérie Beaux-Arts was run by Georges Wildenstein, at 140, Rue du Faubourg Saint-Honoré in Paris.
Exhibition History All participating artists on

Le Surréalisme: Sources - Histoire - Affinités

Exhibition Link Apr - Aug 1964, Galerie Charpentier, Paris
Curator: Patrick WaldbergPatrick Waldberg
26 years later, the same year Robert Rauschenberg was awarded the Grand Prize of the 32nd Biennale di Venezia amid the sensational arrival of Pop Art, this important Surrealist exhibition took place in Paris.
Exhibition History All participating artists on

Entartete Kunst

Exhibition Link Jul - Nov 1937, Münchner Hofgarten Arkaden
The exhibition presented 650 works of art, confiscated from German museums, and was staged in counterpoint to the concurrent 'Great German Art Exhibition' - 'Große Deutsche Kunstausstellung', at 'Haus der Kunst, which was to showcase art approved by the Nazis.
Exhibition History All artists of Entartete Kunst on Münchner Hofgarten - 'Entartete Kunst'

The London International Surrealist Exhibition

Exhibition Link Jun 11 - Jul 4, 1936, New Burlington Galleries, London
64 artists of 14 different nationalities were exhibiting, among them Pablo Picasso, Joan Miró, Paul Klee, Max Ernst, Man Ray [Emmanuel Rudinski], Alexander Calder, Alberto Giacometti, Henry Moore, Hans (Jean) Arp, Marcel Duchamp, Salvador Dalí, René Magritte, Francis Picabia, André Masson, Constantin Brancusi, Méret Oppenheim.
It was the first exhibition to introduce Surrealism in England and a major success. It was opened in the presence of two thousand people by André Breton. The average attendance for the whole of the Exhibition was about a thousand people per day. (in: 'International Surrealist Bulletin, No.4, Sep 1936)
Exhibition History All artists on

Cubism and Abstract Art

Exhibition Link Mar 3 - Apr 10, 1936, Museum of Modern Art, New York
Curator: Alfred H. Barr
The exhibition was subsequently shown in San Francisco, Cincinnati, Minneapolis, Cleveland, Baltimore, Providence, and Grand Rapids.
Although Alfred Barr states in the catalog's introduction that he is offering little which is new, his famous timeline on the catalog's jacket with the different movements in art from 1890 – 1935 offered for the first time a synthesis of the complex and interwoven concepts. The exhibition's different sections show his in-depth outreach and new approach: Painting, Sculpture, Constructions, Photography, Architecture, Industrial Art, Theatre, Films, Posters, Typography.
Cubism and Abstract Art remains until today one of the most important exhibitions in many concerns. [See: Susan Noyes Platt, 'Modernism, Formalism, and Politics: The »Cubism and Abstract Art« Exhibition of 1936 at the Museum of Modern Art; in: Art Journal, Winter 1988, Vol 47, No. 4, pp. 284-295]
Exhibition History All artists on Cubism and Abstract Art, MoMA, 1936

Five Contemporary American Concretionists

Exhibition Link Mar 9 – 31, 1936, Paul Reinhardt Galleries, New York
Curator: Albert Eugene Gallatin
Only three blocks away from MoMA's Cubism and Abstract Art at 11 W 53rd St. Albert Eugene Gallatin organized Five Contemporary American Concretionists in the Paul Reinhardt Galleries at 730 Fifth Avenue # 57th (this is the Heckscher Building [today Crown Building], the very same address where the MoMA opened to the public on November 7, 1929, on the twelfth floor), with a defined focus on American artists of the modernist movement: Charles Biederman, Alexander Calder, John Ferren, George L. K. Morris, and Charles Green Shaw.

In 1989 Abstraction - Geometry - Painting at the Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, organized by Michael Auping provides a good survey on abstract painting in America since 1945.
In December 2012 Inventing Abstraction, 1910–1925 at the MoMA, New York, organized by Masha Chlenova, and Leah Dickerman revisits this important epoch, drawing a cross-media portrait of these watershed years.

Pablo Picasso

Exhibition Link Feb - Mar 1934, Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, Hartford, Connecticut
First Picasso exhibition held in an American museum.
Solo-Exhibitions before in America:
Mar - Apr 1930, Pablo Picasso, The Arts Club Chicago
Nov - Dec 1930, Pablo Picasso, The Arts Club Chicago
Exhibition History More details on

Cézanne, Gauguin, Seurat, Van Gogh

Exhibition Link Nov 7 - Dec 7 1929, Museum of Modern Art, New York
Curator: Alfred H. Barr
The first exhibition of the Museum of Modern Art, comprising one hundred works by Cezanne, Gauguin, van Gogh and Seurat came to its close December 7th.
Over 47,000 people came to the exhibition, numbers increasing rather than diminishing as the four weeks passed. The last day 5,300 people crowded the Gallery.
These figures are even more surprising when taking into account the Wall Street Crash of 1929, also known as Black Tuesday, October 29. It was the most devastating stock market crash in the history of the United States, when taking into consideration the full extent and duration of its fallout. The crash signaled the beginning of the 10-year Great Depression that affected all Western industrialized countries.

This Exhibition was what you would call a blockbuster.
But is isn't for this reason at the beginning of our list.
There are two other ones:

Looking back the opening of the MoMA marks the beginning of an unrivaled museum's career in the world of Contemporary Art.

For artist-info this event marks the starting point for its research and documentation of the exhibition history of artists, curators, galleries, museums, and collector's venue's.
Exhibitions of artwork are the main media in Contemporary Art.
Documenting the core information and cross-linking the artist's, and curator's names with the exhibition venues provides new insight, which wasn't available before.
This data can provide sources for new analysis of which artist-info Visualizing Art Networks with a Network graph may certainly be the most cutting edge one available, among our other analytics.

Erste Russische Kunstausstellung Berlin 1922

Exhibition Link Oct 15 - Dec 1922, Galerie van Diemen & Co, GmbH, Berlin
Curator: David Shterenberg
Important exhibition for the Russian avant-garde artists in Western Europe and the non-objective movement.
Exhibition History Our Blog Post Erste Russische Kunstausstellung Berlin 1922 – The Artists describes details and allocates the 160 artists in the catalog to their exhibitions in throughout the 20th and 21st century.

See as well
 Sep - Dec 1983 The 1st Russian Show – A commemoration of the Van Diemen Exhibition, Berlin 1922; Annely Juda Fine Art, London; Texts by Andrei Nakov, Krisztina Passuth, Peter Nisbet

International Exhibition of Modern Art

Exhibition Link Feb 17 - Mar 15 1913, 69th Regiment Armory, New York
The exhibition was shown as well in Chicago and Boston.
It was the first large exhibition of modern art in America. The selection of artists was very much influenced by the Sonderbund Exhibition in 1912 at Cologne.

Internationale Kunstausstellung des Sonderbundes Westdeutscher Kunstfreunde und Künstler zu Cöln 1912

Exhibition Link May 5 - Sep 30 1912, Ausstellungshalle der Stadt Köln am Aachener Tor, Köln
This fourth Sonderbund exhibition in 1912 supplied a breathtaking review of early modern art: Vincent Van Gogh with 107 paintings, Paul Cézanne with 24 works, Paul Gauguin, Pablo Picasso with 16 works and the neo-impressionists Henri-Edmond Cross with 17 paintings and Paul Signac with 18 works, the first generation was set in context to more recent efforts all around Europe, with a special focus on Edvard Munch, with 31 paintings.

The Sonderbund 1912 exhibition was reinstalled 100 years later at the Wallraf-Richartz-Museum, Köln, giving an interesting insight into the reception of this outstanding exhibition during the past 100 years.
'1912 - Mission Moderne', Aug 31 - Dec 30, 2012 was accompanied by a most thoughtful edited and exciting to read 646 pages catalog.

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