WWI: France and Germany using art as weapon of peace – not war

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Courtesy Hamburger Kunsthalle Library, Städel Museum Library, for the 1917 catalog J. E. Wolfensberger AG, Zürich

WWI: France and Germany using art as weapon of peace – not war

The NZZ-Neue Züricher Zeitung published November 13, 2017 an article written by Robin Schwarzenbach: ‘Deutsche Kultur als Waffe’ [German Culture Used as Weapon].

The article describes how during World War I newspapers, cinema and theater programs, and art-exhibitions in Switzerland were used by France and by Germany for propaganda, as an extended battle field, facilitated by Switzerland’s different region’s languages.
Following the article’s content leads to the question why the title ‘Deutsche Kultur als Waffe’ [German Culture Used as Weapon] isn’t more accurate, as it describes a ping pong of activities, and exhibitions by both nations, France and Germany.
Why doesn’t it therefore read ‘Französische und deutsche Kultur als Waffe’ [French and German Culture Used as Weapon]?
To remember the historical context: November 11, 2017 marks the centenary of the end of WWI.
World War I (28.07.1914 – 11.11.1918) is subject to ongoing research about how it influences history of the following decades, in particular its possible influence on the genesis of World War II (01.09.1939 – 1945).

Art-exhibitions are weapons enabling peace – not weapons of war

In contrary to NZZ’s findings French and German art-exhibitions were used as weapon of peace, not of war!
Following Robin Schwarzenbach’s text the German cultural and art-exhibition activities in Switzerland were organized by Harry Graf von Kessler (Paris 23.05.1868 – 30.11.1937 Lyon), with office in Bern for this task.

Unfortunately Robin Schwarzenbach is focusing much on the Wehrmacht past of Count Kessler and thus missing a most important statement of historical dimension related to art-exhibitions by France and Germany during World War I in Switzerland.
Théodore Duret (Saintes 20.01.1838 – 16.01.1927 Paris) writes in his foreword of the exhibition catalog Ausstellung Französischer Malerei, 29.10. – 26. 11.1916, Museum / Kunstverein Winterthur:
"Que cette exposition en pays neutre, sur le sol hospitalier de la Suisse, soit la bienvenue! Puisse-t-elle aider à rapprocher un instant, sur le terrain de l’art, des hommes ennemis sur un autre terrain et à leur faire quelque peu oublier les horreurs du temps présent. / Paris, Octobre 1916".
["Would this exhibition hopefully be welcomed in a neutral country on the hospitable grounds of Switzerland. Would it contribute, at least for a moment, in the area of art to get people together again, who fight against each other in other areas, and would it make forget a little the fright of this period of time."]
One year later Emil Waldmann (Bremen 1880 – 1945 Würzburg, director of Kunsthalle Bremen from 1914 onwards) is quoting literally Théodore Duret in his introduction for the exhibition catalog Ausstellung Deutscher Malerei XIX. und XX. Jahrhundert, 19.08. – 23.09.1917, Kunsthaus Zürich:
"Möge diese Ausstellung in neutralen Landen auf dem gastlichen Boden der Schweiz willkommen geheissen werden. Möge sie dazu mithelfen, für einen Augenblick wenigstens, auf dem Gebiet der Kunst Menschen einander wieder näher zu bringen, die sich auf anderen Gebieten jetzt bekämpfen, und möchte sie die Schrecken der gegenwärtigen Zeitläufte ein wenig vergessen machen." See at top this text in the original catalog.
The Kunsthaus Zürich did show two weeks later Französische Kunst des XIX. und XX. Jahrhunderts, 05.10. – 14.11.1917.

The Artists

Ausstellung Französischer Malerei (1916) and Ausstellung Deutscher Malerei XIX. und XX. Jahrhundert (1917)
artist-info.com is documenting the artists shown in art-exhibitions at galleries, museums, non-profit and collector’s venues, including curators, from 1880 up to the present, worldwide. Read more on our focus on art-exhibitions.com
The 48 artists in the exhibition of French Painting at the Kunstmuseum Winterthur in 1916 are documented here Ausstellung Französischer Malerei.
Among the shown artists were Pierre Bonnard (1867 – 1947), Paul Cézanne (1839 – 1906), Edgar Degas (1834 – 1917), Paul Gauguin (1848 – 1903), Vincent van Gogh (1853 – 1890), Henri Matisse (1869 – 1954), Claude Monet (1840 – 1926), Auguste Renoir (1841 – 1919), and Auguste Rodin (1840 – 1917).
The 36 artists in the exhibition of German Painting at Kunsthaus Zürich in 1917 are documented here Ausstellung Deutscher Malerei XIX. und XX. Jahrhundert.
Harry Graf von Kessler was well connected and knew about the recent and upcoming currents in the arts. The selection of artists in 1917 in Zürich includes for the 19th century among others Adrian Ludwig Richter (1803 – 1884) and Carl Spitzweg (1808 – 1885), and for the 20th century among others Franz Marc (1880 – 1916), Erich Heckel (1883 – 1970), Max Beckmann (1884 – 1950), Karl Schmidt-Rottluff (1884 – 1976), Oscar Kokoschka (1886 – 1980), August Macke (1887 – 1914).

Missing Wassily Kandinsky?

Which artists to include in the 1917 German Painting exhibition at Kunsthaus Zürich must have been a most difficult task for Harry Graf von Kessler who certainly knew about the important new currents in particular in German art. How to show traditional and futurist artists together in a period of profound diversity?
In 1917 Russian history is marked by the February Revolution and the October Revolution with groundbreaking influence to the art scene. Kandinsky took part in the Knave of Diamonds / Jack of Diamonds / Valet de Carreau exhibitions in 1910 and 1912, one of the most significant exhibition societies of the early Russian avant-garde. Already in On December 3, 1913 Kazimir Malevich (1878 – 1935) did use the first time the Black Square for a theater decoration in St. Petersburg, the Cubo-Futurist opera, ‘Victory Over the Sun’, his first Suprematist statement. He was showing it the first time in the exhibition 0,10 – The Last Futurist Exhibition of Paintings at Art Bureau – Nadezhda Dobychina in Saint Petersburg.
In the 1917 exhibition Harry Graf von Kessler did show Kandinsky’s (1866 – 1944) teacher, Franz von Stuck (1863 – 1928) and his companion Franz Marc with whom Kandinsky organized the first exhibition of the Blaue Reiter at Galerie Thannhauser, Munich, December 18, 1911, including August Macke (1887 – 1914), as well part of the first Blaue Reiter exhibition.
Before WWI broke out Kandinsky was exhibiting already internationally, including the 1913 Armory Show in New York, International Exhibition of Modern Art.
On April 1, 1914 Germany declared war to Russia. Kandinsky fled with Gabriele Münter from Munich to Switzerland and in November 1914 to Russia.
A first, most far-reaching statement for the new currents in art was the influential Erste Russische Kunstausstellung Berlin 1922 (read our blog post  Erste Russische Kunstausstellung Berlin 1922 – The Artists) and 14 years later Alfred H. Barr‘s eminent retrospective exhibition at the MoMA, New York, Cubism and Abstract Art, Mar 3 – Apr 10, 1936, followed one year later by Entartete Kunst, Jul – Nov 1937, Münchner Hofgarten Arkaden, banning un-German and degenerated artists.
More influential exhibitions in our blog post  Influential Contemporary Art Exhibitions in the 20th and 21st Century.

Art is no weapon at all, has no fire range to kill people

In contrary, art is a peace-maker and reunites people, as the French and the German statements for the catalog of Ausstellung Französischer Malerei, 29.10.-26. 11.1916, Museum / Kunstverein Winterthur and of Ausstellung Deutscher Malerei XIX. und XX. Jahrhundert, 19.08. 1917 – 23.09.1917, Kunsthaus Zürich demonstrate.

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Dreier Bequest Artist Update – G.M. (Georg Meyer?) is Gerd Meyer

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G.M. - Gerd Meyer

Dreier Bequest Artist Update – G.M. (Georg Meyer?) is Gerd Meyer

G M - Gerd MeyerGerd Meyer, signing with G M
(1894 Oldenburg – Delmenhorst 1987)
Also known as: Georg Bernhard Meyer; Gerd Meyer-Helldiek; Gert Meier; Gert Meyer

  The catalog raisonné of the Dreier Bequest at Yale University mentions an exhibition at the Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston [YSA 51], 06.09.–02.10.1949, showing among the 50 artists as well the work of G.M. (Georg Meyer?). See exhibitions list below.
  The text about the artist G.M. (Georg Meyer?) in the catalog raisonné states that Katherine Sophie Dreier bought seven watercolors of this artist in Bremen in 1930 from the ‘Galerie Moderne Kunst’. It is a correction of her notice in the 1950 catalogue, where Galerie Linne, Bremen, is mentioned as source.
  The artist G.M. (Georg Meyer?) is Gerd Meyer, born in Oldenburg on November 28, 1894. He became citizen of Bremen June 11, 1920. He died in Delmenhorst August 29, 1987. [Jürgen Weichardt: Biographie von Georg Bernhard (Gerd) Meyer; in: Biographisches Handbuch zur Geschichte des Landes Oldenburg; Ed. Hans Friedl, et al; Oldenburg 1992, ISBN 3-89442-135-5, page 456-457]

Gerd Meyer in ‘Thieme/Becker & Hans Vollmer’

  Following the kind notice of Kevin Fickert (Library Kunsthalle Bremen, contact through Bettina Brach, Weserburg | Museum für moderne Kunst, Bremen) the artist G. M., active in Bremen, is listed in ‘Thieme/Becker-Hans Vollmer Allgemeines Lexikon der bildenden Künstler des XX. Jahrhunderts’, Leipzig 1956, vol. 3, p. 382 (Verlag E.A. Seemann, Leipzig, 1999) as Gerd Meyer:
Meyer, Gerd, dtsch. Maler, *28.11.1894 Oldenburg i.O., ansässig in Bremen.
Stud. Bei R. tom Diek [Richard tom Dieck] in Oldenburg. Hauptsächl. Stilleben u. Landschaften. Begann als Impressionist, später abstrakt. Im Folkwang-Mus. Essen: Vorfrühling in Achterdiek. Koll.Ausst. 1924 in der Kestner-Ges. Hannover. Lit.: Dreßler [Willy Oskar Dressler]. – D. Bild (Karlsr.), 4 (1934) 318ff., m. Abb. – D. Cicerone, 16, (1924) 469.”

  For the Kestner-Gesellschaft group exhibition in March 1924 see below the exhibition history details of Gerd Meyer.

About Galerie Linne / Linne, Ziegert & Co., Bremen

  According to the catalog raisonné (Yales University Art Museum, 1984, p. 455) Katherine Dreier says she bought the seven watercolors in 1930 from a young man with the name Linne, who had opened a small gallery for watercolors, sketches, and graphic art.
  Only the Bremen 1924 registry knows a ‘Linne, Ziegert & Co.’, Kunst- und Buchhandlung, owned by Ferdinand Adolph Linne and Otto Erich Ziegert & Co. (no details on ‘Co.’ partners), Kohlhökerstraße 14, Bremen. The gallery closes for good September 30, 1924.
  Ferdinand Adolph Linne (Bremen *26.04.1876; until December 1925 Adolf, thereafter Adolph) is part of the Bremen citizen registry in 1922/23–1927, 1929, and 1930 as artist painter (Kunstmaler) at changing addresses. He is the son of Wilhelmine Linne, born Wagener and the merchant Hermann Heinrich Linne. The registry knows Linne always as Linne, not as Linné. ‘Linzie’, mentioned in the catalog raisonné (Yales University Art Museum, 1984, p. 455), was the telegraph address used bei ‘Linne, Ziegert & Co.’.
  Adolf Linne participated with 83 other artists in June 1912 in the exhibition This exhibition on artist-info.com Ausstellung zu Ehren von Geh. Hofrat Prof. Eugen Bracht, at Galerie Ernst Arnold, Dresden, at This exhibition on artist-info.com Bremische Kunstausstellung, at Kunsthalle Bremen, 30.11.1912–January 1913, together with 149 other artists, and from 01.02.–31.03.1914 This exhibition on artist-info.com Internationale Ausstellung in der Kunsthalle Bremen 1914 with 196 other artists. He was showing 2 oil paintings (‘Abendsonne, Rügen’; ‘Stilleben’) and three color drawings (‘Blick auf Vanves’; ‘Der Tod des Caspar Hauser’; ‘Caspar Hauser’).
  Otto Erich Ziegert was born 01.07.1900 († 28.12.1978 Düsseldorf) at Zerpenschleuse, borough of Niederbarnim (Brandenburg). He is the son of Maximilian Ziegert and Ilse von Grund.
  His father Maximilian Ziegert (*Eilenburg 1852–1930) opened in 1899 the ‘Kunstantiquariat Max Ziegert’, Hochstraße 3, Frankfurt am Main (first at Bethmannstraße 56), vis à vis of the Europe wide important antiquarian Joseph Baer & Co. He learned the basics of the trade as employee of the renowned Joseph A. Stargardt, Berlin, thereafter of Ludwig Rosenthal in Munich, and knew many of his colleagues across Europe [Max Ziegert: Schattenrisse deutscher Antiquare – persönliche Erinnerungen aus den Jahren 1870–1915; Leipzig 1916).
  Erich Ziegert was after the two years 1923–1924 in Bremen operating a gallery in Berlin, Wittenbergplatz 3a, from 1928–1930. He married in Frankfurt am Main on 15.06.1926 Wanda Helene Pauline von Debschitz (Munich 01.11.1899 – 12.07.1986 Lausanne), daughter of Wanda von Debschitz-Kunowski (1870–1935) and the artist Wilhelm von Debschitz (1871– 1948), marriage 1898, divorced July 1924. He is registered as Bremen inhabitant only later, relocating from Potsdam/Berlin, between 20.05.1946 and 29.1.1949, thereafter moving to Bad Godesberg.
  Wanda von Debschitz-Kunowski was a well-known portrait photographer of her time, opening her own studio in Berlin in 1921.
  Wilhelm von Debschitz was 1900 co-founder of the avant-garde art academy Debschitz-Schule in Munich, from 1914–1921 director of the ‘Kunstgewerbeschule- und Handwerkerschule Hannover’, 1916 co-founder of the ‘Kestner-Gesellschaft’.
  Wanda Helene Pauline’s sister Irene was married to Alexander (aka Xanti) Schawinsky, a Swiss painter, photographer and theater stage designer with ties to the Bauhaus and Walter Gropius.

  Galerie Linne / Linne, Ziegert & Co. ‘Kunst- und Buchhandlung’
  The business may have started in early 1923 following the correspondence of Kurt Schwitters with Hannah Höch on his and her artwork at Linne, Ziegert & Co. (Kurt Schwitters archive Berlinische Galerie, correspondence with Hannah Höch 24.04. and 01.05.1923). Another source for their activities is the offer dating 21.04.1924 and sent by Linne, Ziegert & Co. to the poet Stefan George [Stefan George Archiv, Württembergischen Landesbibliothek] on two busts (1910 and 1923) of Alfred Schuler by Clara Rilke-Westhoff, living then east of Bremen in Fischerhude and seen today as a pioneer female sculptor.
  Katherine Dreier refers to Linne and the gallery in conjunction with the seven G.M. watercolors she bought there most presumably in summer 1924 during her stay in Europe. The purchase date 1930 first mentioned in the catalog raisonné of 1950 may be the result of incomplete or misread records. The later notice (Yales University Art Museum, 1984, p. 455) of Katherine Dreier that she bought the watercolors from ‘Galerie Moderne Kunst’, Bremen, are difficult to verify as no ‘Galerie Moderne Kunst’ appears in the Bremen registry between 1923–1932.
  Exhibitions by ‘Linne, Ziegert & Co.’ are known for 1923 and 1924. See below.

Exhibitions at Galerie Linne, Ziegert & Co. artist-info.com knows

1923 AprilKurt Schwitters, Hannah Höch.
1923 April–MayFritz Stuckenberg
1923 October–November'G"-Ausstellung - 'G' stands for 'Material zur elementaren Gestaltung', later 'Zeitschrift für Elementare Gestaltung', editors Werner Graeff, El Lissitzky, Friedrich Kiesler, Hans Richter, Mies van der Rohe
1923/1924Dora Bromberger

Exhibitions of Gerd Meyer artist-info.com knows

Last update February 22, 2017
1922, MärzThis exhibition on artist-info.com 2. Frühjahrsausstellung der 'Barke', Augusteum, Oldenburg.
Georg Emil Baumann, C. Behling, K.W. Göring, Gertrud Göring-Erichsen, Willy Knoop, Gerd Meyer [G M], Alexander Minke, Jan Oeltjen, Karl Sommerfeld, Georg von der Vring, Therese von der Vring
[Source: Jörg Michael Henneberg, Künstlergruppe 'Barke'; in: Therese von der Vring 1894-1927, Biographie; Künstlerhaus Jan Oeltjen, Oldenburg, 1996]
1924, MärzThis exhibition on artist-info.com 63 | Irma Stern - Gerd Meyer - Hans Düne - Architektur von Adolf Falke, Kestner-Gesellschaft, Hannover
[in: 'Zur 100. Ausstellung der Kestner-Gesellschaft, Hannover'; Hannover 1929. page 6 / catalog of the exhibition 100 | 'Edvard Munch', which includes details of the past 100 exhibitions]
08.12. – 11.12.1926

Auction Catalog, December 11, 1926, Kestner-Gesellschaft, Hannover
The Kestner-Gesellschaft did stage a preview exhibition for an auction from December 8 – 11, 1926 in which Gerd Meyer took part.
Lot #130: Meier, Gert, Bremen, Komposition Braune Melodie, Aquarell 12x24 cm
This exhibition on artist-info.com 81a | Versteigerung einer Privatsammlung moderner Aquarelle und Graphik, Sonnabend, den 11. Dezember 1926, Hannover, [organized by Karl von der Porten jun.], Ort: Kestner-Gesellschaft e.V., Hannover, Königstraße 8.

It is an auction of a prestigious private collection (no details known about the owner) of watercolors and graphic art by 82 well known artists of the beginning 20th century, among them Wassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee, Max Beckmann, Fernand Léger, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, László Móhóly-Nagy, Emil Nolde, Kurt Schwitters, Willi Baumeister, Lyonel Feininger.

The complete, digitized catalog (11 pages) on
1942This exhibition on artist-info.com Kunstausstellung des Gaues Weser-Ems : Gemälde, Graphik, Plastik
Organized by the Oldenburger Kunstverein and 'Künstlerbund Bremen', together with the 'Niederländisch-Deutsche Kulturgemeinschaft'.
06.09. – 02.10.1949This exhibition on artist-info.com The Société Anonyme Collection, Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston; (Source: Dreier Bequest, 1984, YSA 51, p.781)
10.10. – 06.11.1949This exhibition on artist-info.com Modern Art From the Collection of the Société Anonyme, Museum of Modern Art: 1920, Mount Holyoke College, South Hadley, MA
(Source: Dreier Bequest, 1984, YSA 54, p.781)
07.04.–12.05.1978This exhibition on artist-info.com Künstler in Delmenhorst - Werke aus dem Kunstbesitz der Stadt Delmenhorst anläßlich des Jubiläums "75 Jahre Kreisfreiheit", Städtische Galerie Delmenhorst - Haus Coburg
1981Gerd Meyer - Bilder der 20er Jahre, Städtische Galerie Delmenhorst - Haus Coburg [from CV in catalog 200 Jahre Malerei im Oldenburger Land, p. 46} No further details
22.02. – 22.03.1987This exhibition on artist-info.com 200 Jahre Malerei im Oldenburger Land - 1786–1986
Oldenburger Kunsrverein and Landesmuseum Oldenburg
29.03. –26.04.1987This exhibition on artist-info.com 200 Jahre Malerei im Oldenburger Land - 1786–1986
Kunsthalle Wilhelmshaven
1990, SeptemberGerd Meyer-Hellensiek, Kunsthandlung Klaus von Seggern, Oldenburg
[Review by Jörg Michael Henneberg; in: Der Oldenburgische Hauskalender oder Hausfreund 1992, page 15-21.]
06.06. – 21.07.1999This exhibition on artist-info.com Graphische Sammlung Klassische Moderne - 25 Jahre Städtische Galerie Delmenhorst
curator Barbara Alms, Städtische Galerie Delmenhorst - Haus Coburg
11.01. – 03.02.2002This exhibition on artist-info.com Graphische Sammlung II - Akrobaten, Harlekine und Amazonen,
curator Barbara Alms, Städtische Galerie Delmenhorst - Haus Coburg
06.09. – 20.12.2009This exhibition on artist-info.com 'entartet' - beschlagnahmt - Bremer Künstler im Nationalsozialismus
curator Birgit Neumann-Dietzsch, Städtische Galerie Bremen

Société Anonyme Retrospective 2006

  This exhibition on artist-info.com The Société Anonyme – Modernism for America
The Yale University Art Museum organized an important retrospective for the legendary Société Anonyme starting at the Hammer Museum, Los Angeles, April 23 – August 20, 2006, organized by Jennifer Gross, then touring to The Phillips Collection, Washington, DC, Dallas Museum of Art (TX), Frist Center for the Visual Arts, Nashville (TN), and Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven (CT), December 12, 2012 – July 14, 2013.
  In 1941 Katherine Dreier and Marcel Duchamp donated a portion of their collection to Yale University. Among others works of art Katherine Dreier had bought at the legendary and influential artist-info.com Blog post Erste Russische Kunstausstellung Berlin 1922, e.g. the Konstantin Medunetsky [Mechmetzki] scultpure ‘Construction’ (1919).
  At this time, Dreier and Duchamp actively sought additional gifts to round out their Collection. Their efforts prompted donations from numerous artists including Jean Arp, John Graham, Jean Crotti, and one of the organization’s cofounders, Man Ray. When the group formally dissolved in 1950, the collection assembled by the Société Anonyme constituted one of the foremost assemblages of modern art in America, paralleled only by The Museum of Modern Art and the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, in New York.

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The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum on artist-info.com

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The importance of such a reference shows as an example our research on artist-info.com Blog Post Erste Russische Kunstausstellung Berlin 1922 / The 1st Russian Show Berlin 1922: In the catalog 9 artist names have two different spellings, we added to the exhibition’s 162 artist names 301 alias names which we found in the more than 3.350 exhibitions artist-info.com knows for the 162 artists. Searching any of these 301 alias names with artist-info Main-Search will display the artist-info reference name for the looked up artist.

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To better inform and to facilitate the access to more information beyond the artist-info exhibition-history page artist-info is adding a link to Wikipedia and to WorldCat-Identity as part of the artist, exhibition venue, and curator page's header.Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum on artist-info.com
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum on artist-info.com

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Wikipedia SRGM

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Erste Russische Kunstausstellung Berlin 1922 – The Artists

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Erste Russische Kunstausstellung Berlin 1922 – The Artists

The cover page of the catalog, deisgn by El Lissitzky  –  See the table below with all artists

Erste Russische Kunstausstellung Berlin 1922 – The Artists

   Like in the Mythologies quotidiennes exhibition catalog (Paris, 1964) – artist-info.com Blog Post see our blog post – the Erste Russische Kunstausstellung Berlin 1922 exhibition catalog states only the artist’s last name.
   Our survey seeks the answer to this question in identifying and allocating the artists through their many exhibitions from 1900 up to the present on artist-info.com and to provide like this new insight and overview to prove the importance of this exhibition not only for the well-known artists. As a result of our research we could identify other artists who participated but are not listed in the catalog. See note [1] and [2] below.
   The table at the bottom of this post shows our allocation of the artists’ last name in the catalog of 1922 to their cross-linked exhibition history on artist-info.com.

An Outstanding Exhibition – Purpose and Selection

   The main purpose of Erste Russische Kunstausstellung Berlin 1922 was fundraising to support the starving Russian people, and David Shterenberg, a painter himself and showing his work as well in Berlin, was commissioned at the beginning of 1922 by the Bolshevik Russian State (RSFSR) to organize the exhibition in Berlin, due to the positive climate for Russian intellectuals and artists. The Galerie Der Sturm (1910-1932) directed by Herwarth Walden was certainly one of the most active places to support the new avant-garde movement. Looking back Berlin in mid October 1922 was the right place in Western Europe and in history for this exhibition. See Facts and Figures below.
   David Shterenberg made a courageous selection of well known as well as of younger, then not yet internationally known artists, and so called Russian avant-garde artists supporting new movements like non-objective art. The wide scope of the artist’s work he aimed for did reunite so controversial painters like Chagall and Malevich, theater stage and costume sketches and architecture sketches. See all sections under Facts and Figures below. It attracted many more visitors than expected and a wide national and international response by critics and the press for many decades. However, the important impulse and enthusiasm which arose from this influential exhibition of non-objective art and the plans to show it in other European towns and even the USA was made impossible by the political reality.
   Allocating the artists’ last name in the Berlin catalog of 1922 was an exciting challenge. For the 160 Russian artists of the Berlin exhibition the artist-info.com database knows October 2017 more than 4.000 solo- and group exhibitions, from 1912 (4. Sonderbund Ausstellung, Köln) up to the present, at many exhibition venues in Europe, North America, and around the world. The number will grow continuously with our ongoing documentation of exhibitions from 1890 up to the present.

   Chagall, who was born in 1887 in Liozna near Vitebsk (Belarus), returned in 1914 when World War I broke out from Paris to his hometown. Only a few month after the after the October Revolution on November 7, 1917, Chagall founded the Vitebsk People’s Art College (Narodnoy Khudozhestvennoye Uchilische) in 1918 with the permission of David Shterenberg, then the head of the art section of the Division of the People’s Enlightenment. Chagall’s public art activities in Vitebsk lead to his project of founding a new type of art school with community studios.
   Both, Marc Chagall and from autumn 1919 onwards Kasimir Malevich, were teachers at the Vitebsk Academy. After Malevich had arrived many of Chagall’s students changed to the class of Malevich. After he had lost all his students to Malevich in May 1920 Chagall officially resigned in June and went to Moscow.
   Another example for Shterenberg’s wide scope of selection is the Latvian artist Karlis Joganson (1892-1929). The research published since the 1990s revealed his importance.
   Architecture sketches were shown in Berlin as well, e.g. by Wladimir Krinskij, Gerogii Mapu, Aleksander Rodchenko, and Alexandr Shevchenko. They were members of ZhivSkulptArkh (Painting, Sculpture and Architecture), until the end of 1919 known as SinSkulptArkh (Synthesis of Sculpture and Architecture).
The Berlin catalog lists as well theater stage and costume sketches by some artists.

Russian Avant-Garde Exhibitions

   Another important perspective for our research was to show, how the artists of Erste Russische Kunstausstellung Berlin 1922 were participating in other exhibitions from before World War I ( This exhibition on artist-info.com 4. Sonderbund Ausstellung, 1922 Köln) up to the present. They can easily be explored with a mouse click thanks to the structure of artist-info.
Some examples among many other exhibitions on the Russian avant-garde artist-info documented are
2016 This exhibition on artist-info.com A Revolutionary Impulse – The Rise of the Russian Avant-Garde, Museum of Modern Art, New York
2011  This exhibition on artist-info.com Chagall et l’avant-garde russe, Musée de Grenoble
2003 This exhibition on artist-info.com Traumfabrik Kommunismus – Die visuelle Kultur der Stalinzeit, Schirn Kunsthalle, Frankfurt am Main
2001 This exhibition on artist-info.com mit voller Kraft. – Russische Avantgarde 1910-1934, Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe, Hamburg
2000 This exhibition on artist-info.com Futurismus in Russland – und David Burliuk, ‘Vater des Russischen Futurismus’, Von der Heydt-Kunsthalle, Wuppertal
1993 This exhibition on artist-info.com Von Malewitsch bis Kabakov – Russische Avantgarde im 20. Jahrhundert. Die Sammlung Ludwig, Josef-Haubrich-Kunsthalle, Köln
1992 This exhibition on artist-info.com The Great Utopia – The Russian and Soviet Avant-Garde, 1915-1932, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York
1989 This exhibition on artist-info.com 100 Years of Russian Art, 1889-1989 – from Private Collections in the USSR, Barbican Art Gallery, London
1983 This exhibition on artist-info.com The 1st Russian Show – A commemoration of the Van Diemen Exhibition, Berlin 1922, Annely Juda Fine Art, London; Catalog with texts by Andrei B. Nakov, Krisztina Passuth, Peter Nisbet, Christina Lodder;
Andrei Nakov, ‘This Last exhibition which was First‘, Note [3] on page 8 of this Annely Juda exhibition catalog: “These [Kandinsky’s] works, submitted at the last moment, are not mentioned in the catalog [This exhibition on artist-info.com Esposizione libera futurista internazionale, Galleria Futurista – Giuseppe Sprovieri, Roma]. (This information was given to me by G. Sprovieri whom I would like to thank for his generous help and support in my research on ths subject).”
1981 This exhibition on artist-info.com Art of the Avant-Garde in Russia – Selections from the George Costakis Collection, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York
1978 This exhibition on artist-info.com Revolution – Russian Avant-Garde, 1912-1930, Museum of Modern Art, New York
1977 This exhibition on artist-info.com Tendenzen der Zwanziger Jahre – 15. Europäische Kunstausstellung, Neue National Galerie, Berlin
1973 This exhibition on artist-info.com Tatlin’s Dream – Russian Suprematist and Constructivist Art 1910-1923, Fischer Fine Art, London
1972 This exhibition on artist-info.com Kunst in der Revolution – Architektur, Produktgestaltung, Malerei, Plastik, Agitation, Theater, Film in der Sowjetunion 1917-1932, Württembergischer Kunstverein, Stuttgart
1968 This exhibition on artist-info.com Aspects de l’Avant Garde Russe 1905-1925, Galerie Jean Chauvelin, Paris
1937 This exhibition on artist-info.com Konstruktivisten, Kunsthalle Basel
1936 This exhibition on artist-info.com Cubism and Abstract Art, Museum of Modern Art, New York
This exhibition on artist-info.com Many exhibitions at Galerie Gmurzinska
1922 This exhibition on artist-info.com Erste Russische Kunstausstellung Berlin 1922, Galerie van Diemen & Co, Berlni

1924 This exhibition on artist-info.com 14. Esposizione Internazionale d’Arte della Città di Venezia, 44 artists of the Erste Russische Kunstausstellung Berlin 1922 were showing at the Biennale di Venezia in 1924, of altogether 96 Russian artists.
1920 This exhibition on artist-info.com 12. Esposizione Internazionale d’Arte della Città di Venezia, 2 artists of the Erste Russische Kunstausstellung Berlin 1922 were showing at the Biennale di Venezia in 1920, of altogether 19 Russian artists.

Facts and Figures

   The Erste Russische Kunstausstellung Berlin 1922 took place at the Galerie van Diemen & Co, GmbH, Berlin, Unter den Linden 21, from October 15 until December 1922.
The Art Section of the Division of People’s Enlightenment asked David Shterenberg to organize this sales exhibition. The catalog states as its purpose: The proceeds will go to the starving people of Russia (‘Der Reinertrag ist für die Hungernden Russlands bestimmt!’).
This exhibition on artist-info.com All artists of Erste Russische Kunstausstellung Berlin 1922 on artist-info.com

The catalog lists the artists by media
   The cover page of the catalog was designed by El Lissitzky.
   The introductions by Davide Sterenberg, Edwin Redslob, Arthur Holitscher, and an unkown author of ‘Zur Einführung’ is followed by the list of artists by media
Paintings (84 artists)
Watercolors, Drawings, Wood- and Lino-Cut, Copper Engraving, Posters, Albums, Architecture- and Theater Sketches (111 artists)
Sculpture (12 artists).
More media without artists are listed in a fourth segment: Porcelaine, Glass, Decorative Works, Semiprecious Stones.
   The third part of the catalog shows 48 black and white illustrations of artwork by 38 artists, plus 6 illustrations of St. Petersburg porcelain.
   For the student’s works (Schülerarbeiten), the works from the Vitebsk Academy students (Schule von Witebsk), and the children’s water colors (Kinderaquarelle) no names are listed.
   Teachers at the Vitebsk Academy (Belarus) in January 1919 were Chagall, Kseniya Boguslavskaya, Ivan Puni (a.k.a. Jean Pougny), Alexander Romm, Vera Yermolayeva, Nikolai Radlov, El Lissitzky, Ivan Tilberg, from November 1919 onwards Malevich, and before 1919 Mstislav Dobujinski.

Allocating the Catalog’s Artist Names
Notes on Artists Inside/Outside the 1922 Catalog

   For the 160 Russian artists of the 1922 Berlin exhibition artist-info.com knows Ocotber 2017 more than 4.000 solo- and group exhibitions, from 1912 (This exhibition on artist-info.com 4. Sonderbund Ausstellung, Köln) up to the present. It is updated continually.

   This research project is a good example how documenting exhibitions with artist-info.com, even from many decades ago, helps to explore and revalue the profile of artists, exhibition venues, and curators through their exhibition information.

   Table-Note [1]: Lasar Markovič Chidekel [Khidekel] (1904 - 1986) is not listed in the catalog. He participated at the 1922 Berlin exhibition as part of UNOVIS. Biography of Lasar Chidekel in the catalog of: This exhibition on artist-info.com Malewitsch und sein Einfluss, Kunstmuseum Liechtenstein, Vaduz, 16.05.-07.09. 2008.
Erste Russische Kunstausstellung Berlin 1922-Page 17
Catalog page 17
   Table-Note [2]: Michail Vasilyevich Matyushin (1861 - 1934), the eminent Russian avant-garde artist, is not listed in the 1922 Berlin catalog. The reason to include him in our table is because the Erste Russische Kunstausstellung Berlin 1922 is part of his exhibitions list on page 103 of the exhibition catalog of This exhibition on artist-info.com Matjuschin und die Leningrader Avantgarde (Badischer Kunstverein, Karlsruhe, 27.04.-09.06. 1991, exhibition of the 'Zentrum für Kunst und Medientechnologie Karlsruhe'; catalog by Oktogon Verlag, Stuttgart-München, ISBN 3-927789-09-7). It was organised by Heinrich Klotz, Alla Powelichina, and Jewgenija Petrowa.
The Matjuschin und die Leningrader Avantgarde exhibition in 1991 in Karlsruhe was based on Alla Powelichina's exhibition Matjuschin und seine Schüler in 1990 in the Sankt Petersburg History Museum.

I would like to thank Christina Lodder, University of Kent, for her help regarding the transliteration of some artist names which I couldn't identify through exhibitions or other sources.
October 18, 2017
- 8 artist names with different spelling: Some artists are part of more than one section in the catalog (Painting, Watercolors / Prints, Sculpture, Illustrations). In some cases the spelling of their name differs. Example: MECHMETZKI / MEDUNETZKI
- Alias: For many Russian artist names different spellings are in use. Most of these aliases are listed below. artist-info.com Main Search knows these alias names, too.
1922 CatalogOn artist-info.com(Exh.)1922 CatalogOn artist-info.com(Exh.)
ALTMANN, N.Altman, Nathan Isayevich (1889 - 1970)(44)LISSITZKY / LISSITZKILissitzky, El [Lazar Markovich] (1890 - 1941)
Alias: Lissitzki
ANIENKOWAnnenkov, Jurii Pawlowitsch (1889 - 1974)
Aliases: Annenkoff, Annenkow
(37)MALEWITSCHMalevich, Kazimir Severinovich (1879 - 1935)
Aliases: Malewitsch, Malevitch, Malevič, Malewicz
ARCHIPENKOArchipenko, Alexander Porfirjowitsch (1887 - 1964)(168)Not in the catalogMalyavin, Filip Andreevic (1869 - 1940)
Aliases: Maliavine, Maljawin, Malavin, Maljavin
ARCHIPOWArchipov, Abram (1862 - 1930)
Aliases: Arkhipov, Archipow
(9)MALKINMalkin, Georges Alexandre (1898 - 1970)
Alias: Malkine
ARNSCHTAM, A.Arnshtam, Alexander Martynovych (1880 - 1969)
Alias: Arnstam
(1)MALUTINMaljutin, Sergej Vasil'evic (1895 - 1937)
Aliases: Malyutin, Maljutin, Malioutine
ARONSOHNAronson, Boris (1898 - 1980)
Alias: Aronsohn
No further details
BARANOW-ROSSINEBaranov-Rossiné, Vladimir Dawidowitsch (1888 - 1944)
Aliases: Baranoff-Rossine, Baranow-Rossine
(27)MANSUROWMansurov, Pawel Andrejewitsch (1896 - 1984)
Aliases: Mansuroff, Mansouroff, Mansourov, Mansurow
BELJAJEWBeljaev, Vasilij Pavlovic (1901 - 1942)
Aliases: Belyaev, Beljaew
(1)MAPUMapu, Georgii
No further details
Benois, Alexandre Nikolayevich (1870 - 1960)
Alias: Benua
(10)MASCHKOWMashkov, Ilya Ivanovich (1881 - 1944)
Aliases: Maschkoff, Maschkow, Machkov, Maskov
BOGUSLAWSKAJABoguslawskaja, Xenia Leonidowna (1892 - 1972)
Aliases: Boguslavskaja, Bogouslavskaïa
(11)Not in the catalogMatyushin, Michail Vasilyevich (1861 - 1934) [2]
Aliases: Matjuschin, Matyushin, Matjusin, Matiushin, Matiouchine, Matjušin
BOLTSCHAKOW / BOTSCHKOWBolschakow, Konstantin Aristarchowitsch (1895 - 1938)
Aliases: Bolshakov, Boltschakow, Botschkow
(2)MATORINMatorin, Mikhail Vladimirovič (1901 - 1976)(2)
BRASBraz, Osip Emmanuilovich (1873 - 1936)
Alias: Bras
(1)MATWEJEWMatveev, Aleksandr Terentievich (1878 - 1960)
Aliases: Matwejew, Matveyev
BRUNIBruni, Lew Alexandrowitsch (1894 - 1948)(10)MAXIMOWMaximov, Nikolay Kristoforich (1892 - 1974)
Alias: Maximow
BUBNOWABubnova, Varvara Dmitrievna (1886 - 1983)
Alias: Bubnowa
(8)MECHMETZKI / MEDUNETZKIMedunetsky, Konstantin Konstantinovic (1899 - 1935)
Aliases: Mechmetzki, Meduneckij, Medunezki
BUCHOWETZKIBukowiezkij, Iewgenij (1866 - 1948)
Alias: Buchowetzki
No further details
Alias: Medwiedjew
BURLJUK / BURLJUNKBurliuk, David Davidovich (1882 - 1967)
Aliases: Burjuk, Burljuk, Burlyuk, Bourliouk
(49)MESENTZEWMezentsev, Sergei Aleksandrovich No further details
Alias: Mesentzew
CHAGALLChagall, Marc (1887 - 1985)
Aliases: Sagal, Sagalov
(395)MIKLASCHEWSKAJAMiklaschewskaja, Tamara (1894 - 1947)(2)
Not in the catalogChidekel [Khidekel], Lasar Markovič (1904 - 1986) [1]
Alias: Khidekel
(6)MILLIOTIMilioti, Nikolaj Dmitrievic (1874 - 1962)(2)
CHOCHRIAKOWKhokhryakov, Nikolay (1887 - 1928)
Aliases: Chochriakow, Khokhrianov
(1)MITURITSCHMiturich, Pjotr Vasil'evich (1887 - 1956)
Aliases: Mituritsch, Miturich, Mituric, Mitouritch
DENISSOWSKIDenisovski, Nikolai Fedorovich (1901 - 1981)
Aliases: Denissowskii, Denisovskij, Denisovsky
(6)MOLTSCHANOWMolchanov, Konstantin Mikhailovich (1906 - 1980)
Alias: Moltschanow
DJEGINZhegin, Lev Feodorovich (1892 - 1969)
Aliases: Djegin, Geghin, Shekhtel
(2)MORAWOWMoravof, Aleksander Viktorovitch (1878 - 1951)
Aliases: Moravov, Morawow
DOBUJINSKIDobuzinskij, Mstislav Valerianovic (1875 - 1957)
Aliases: Dobuschinski, Dobujinski, Doboujinski, Dobužinskis, Dobuzhinsky
(5)MORGUNOWMorgunov, Alexei Alexeyevich (1884 - 1935)
Aliases: Morgunow, Morgounow
DREWINDrevin, Aleksandr Davydovich (1889 - 1938)
Alias: Drewin
(18)NASARETZKAJANagaevskaya, Elena Varnavovna (1900 - 1989)(1)
EIGESEiges, Veniamin Romanovich (1888 - 1956)(1)NESTEREW / NESTEROWNesterov, Mikhail Vasilyevich (1862 - 1942)(7)
ENGELEngel, Otto Heinrich (1866 - 1949)(16)NIKRITINNikritin, Solomon Borissowitsch (1898 - 1965)(16)
ERMOLAJEWAErmolaeva, Vera Mikhailovna (1893 - 1938)
Aliases: Ermolajewa, Jermolajewa, Yermolayeva, Yermolaeva
(12)NOSKOWNoskov, Mikhail Vasil'evich (1892 - 1957)
Alias: Noskow
EXTERExter, Alexandra Alexandrovna (1882 - 1949)
Alias: Ekster
(102)OLENIKOlejnik, Janka (1887 - 1954)(1)
FALKFalk, Robert Rafailovic (1886 - 1958)(23)OSMERKINOsmerkin, Alexander Alexandrovich (1892 - 1953)(8)
FAVORSKAJAFavorskaja, Vera Vasilyevna (1896 - 1977)
(2)PAINPain, Yakov Semenovich (1898 - ?)(1)
FEDOROWFedorov, German Vasilyevich (1885 - 1976)
Alias: Fedorow
(3)PAWLOWPavlov, Semen Andreevi (1893 - 1941)(2)
FEDOROWSKIFedorovskij, Fedor Fedorovi (1883 - 1955)
Alias: Fedorowski, Fedorovsky
(3)PEREKATOWPerekatov, Alexander
Alias: Perekatow
FILONOWFilonov, Pawel Nikolajevitsch (1882 - 1941)
Alias: Filonow
(27)PERINPéri, László (1899 - 1967)(45)
GABOGabo, Naum [Naum Neemia Pevsner] (1890 - 1977)(128)PESTELLPestel, Wera Efimovna (1886 - 1952)
Alias: Pestell
No further details
Alias: Gambarow
(1)PETROWITSCHEWPetrovichev, Petr Ivanovich (1874 - 1947)
Alias: Petrowitschew
GAUSCHGaush, Alexandre Fedorovich (1873 - 1947)
Aliases: Gausch, Gauš, Gaúcho, Hausch, Hauš
(1)PEWSNERPevsner, Antoine (1884 - 1962)
Alias: Pewsner
GERASSIMOWGerasimov, Alexander Mikhaylovich (1881 - 1963)
Alias: Gerassimow
(5)POPOPWAPopova, Lyubow Sergeyevna (1889 - 1924)
Alias: Popowa
GRABARGrabar, Igor Emmanuilovich (1871 - 1960)(5)PRUSSAKOWPrusakow, Nikolaj Petrowitsch (1900 - 1952)
Alias: Prussakow
GRIGORJEW, N.Grigoriev, Nikolai Mikhalovich (1880 - 1943)
Alias: Grigorjew
(1)PUNI, J.Puni, Ivan Albertovich [Jean Pougny] (1892 - 1956)
Alias: Pugni
GRISCHTSCHENKOGrishchenko, Aleksei Vasilievich (1883 - 1977)
Aliases: Grischtschenko, Gritchenko, Grischenko
(4)RADIMOWRadimov, Pavel Aleksandrovich (1887 - 1967)
Alias: Radimow
IDELSONIdelson-Labusquere, Vera (1893 - 1977)(2)RODSCHENKORodchenko, Aleksander Mikhailovich (1891 - 1956)
Aliases: Rodtschenko, Rodschenko, Rodtchenko, Rodčenko
IWANOWIvanov, Sergei Ivanovich (1885-1942)
Alias: Iwanow
(6)ROJDESTWENSKYRozhdestvensky, Vasily Vasilyevich (1884 - 1963)
Aliases: Roshdjestwjenskij, Rojdestwensky, Roshdestwenski, Roschdestwenski, Rozdestvenskij
JAKIMTSCHENKOYakimchenko, Alexander Georgiev (1878 - 1928)
Aliases: Jakimtschenko, Jakimtscenko
(2)ROMANOWITSCHRomanovich, Sergey Mikhalovich (1894 - 1968)
Alias: Romanowitsch
JAKULOWYakulov, Georgy Bogdanovich (1884 - 1928)
Aliases: Jakulow, Yakoulov, Yakouloff
(20)ROSANOWARozanova, Olga Vladimirovna (1886 - 1918)
Alias: Rosanova
JOGANSONJoganson, Karlis (1890 - 1929)
Aliases: Johanson, Ioganson, Johansons
(14)Not in the catalogRoyak, Efim Moiseevich (1906-1987)
Alias: Rayak
JOUKOWSKIZukowski, Stanislaw Yulianovich (1873 - 1944)
Aliases: Joukowski, Jukovski, Schukowski, Zukovskii, Zhukovsky
(3)SACHAROWSacharoff, Olga Nicolaevna (1889 - 1967)
Aliases: Sacharova, Sacharow
JUDINYudin, Lev Alexandrovich (1901 - 1941)
Alias: Judin
(4)SALITZāle, Kārlis [Karl Zalit] (1888 - 1942)
Aliases: Zalit, Salit
JUONYuon, Konstantin Fyodorovich (1875 - 1958)
Aliases: Iuon, Juon, Youon
(8)SAMOSCHKINZamoshkin, Aleksandr Ivanovich (1899 - 1977)
Alias: Samoschkin
KAGANKagan, Anna Abelewna (1902 - 1974)
Alias: Kogan
(11)SARJANSaryan, Martiros Sergeevich (1880 - 1972)
Aliases: Sarian, Sarjan
KANDINSKIKandinsky, Wassily (1866 - 1944)
Aliases: Kandinski, Kandinskij
(514)SAWJALOWSawjalow [Zavialov], Iwan Fedorovich (1893 - 1937)
Aliases: Zavyalov, Zavialov
KAPLUNKaplun, Adrian Vladimirovich (1887 - 1974)
Alias: Kaploune
(1)SCHEMIAKINShemyakin, Mikhail F. (1875 - 1944)
Alias: Schemiakin
KAREWKarev, Alexei Eremeevich (1879 - 1942)
Aliases: Karew, Kareff
(2)SCHESTOPALOWAShestopalova, Elena Ivanovna (1895 - 1988)(1)
Not in the catalogKogan, Nina Josifowna (1889 - 1942)
Aliases: Kagan
(11)SCHWETSCHENKOShevchenko, Alexander Vasilyevich (1882 - 1948)
Aliases: Chevtchenko, Schevchenko, Schewtschenko, Sevcenko, Schwetschenko
KOLESNIKOWKolesnikov, Sergej Michaijlovic (1889 - 1952)
Aliases: Klosnikow, Kolesnikow
(1)SCHIROKOWChirokov [Scirokof], Michel de
Aliases: Schirokow, Scirokof, Schirokow
KLUNKliunkov [Kliun], Ivan Vasilievich (1873 - 1943)
Aliases: Kljun, Klyun, Kyun, Klioune, Klyoun, Klun, Kljunkow
(66)SCHIKOLNIKSkolnik, Iosif Solomonovic (1883 - 1926)
Alias: Schkolnik, Shkol'nik, Shkolnik, Školnik
Klutsis, Gustav Gustavovich (1895 - 1938)
Aliases: Klucis, Klutzis, Kluzis, Kloutsis
(76)SEIZEWASaizew, Nikolai (1885 - 1938)
Alias: Seizewa
KOLZOWKoltsov, Sergei Vasilievich (1892 - 1951)
Aliases: Kolzow, Kaltsov
(1)SEVERNYSeverin, Ivan Mitrofanovich (1881 - 1964)
Alias: Severny
KOMARDJENKOWKomardenkov, Vassily Petrovitsch (1897 - 1973)
Alias: Komardjenkow
(2)SINESUBOW / SINEZUBOWSinezubov, Nikolay Vladimirovich (1891 - 1956)
Aliases: Sinezouboff, Sinesubow, Sinezubow
Not in the catalogKomissarenko, Zenon Petrovich (1891-1978)(1)SOKOLOWSokolow, Michail Ksenofontovich (1885 - 1947)(4)
KONTSCHALOWSKIKonchalovsky, Pyotr Petrovich (1876 - 1956)
Aliases: Kontschalowski, Kontschalowskij, Kontchalovski, Kontchalovsky, Koncalovskij, Končalovskij
(25)STEINBERGShteinberg, Eduard Antonovich (1882 - 1935)
Aliases: Shteynberg, Steinberg, Steynberg
KOROLJEWKoroljow, Boris Danilowitsch (1884 - 1963)
Aliases: Korolev, Koroljew, Korolyov
(18)STENBERGShtenberg, Irina Valerianovna (1905 - 1985)
Aliases: Steinberg
KOROWINKorovin, Constantin Alexeiev (1861 - 1939)
Aliases: Korowin, Korovine
(6)STENBERG, G.Stenberg, Georgii Avgustovich (1900 - 1933)(10)
KOSINTZEWAKossinzewa, Ljubow Alexejwna (1898 - 1978)
Aliases: Kosintzewa, Kozintseva, Kozinceva
(1)STENBERG, W.Stenberg, Wladimir Awgustowitsch (1899 - 1982)(16)
KOSLINSKIKoslinskij, Wladimir Iwanowitsch (1891 - 1967)
Aliases: Koslinsky, Kozlinski
(8)STEPANOWAStepanova, Varvara Fjodorowna (1894 - 1958)
Alias: Stepanowa
KRASOWSKIKrassowski, Feliks (1895 - 1967)
Aliases: Krasowski, Krassovski
(1)STERENBERG, D.Schterenberg, David Petrowitsch (1881 - 1948)
Aliases: Schterenberg, Sterenberg, Sternberg, Chterenberg
KRAWTSCHENKOKravchenko, Aleksei Ilyich (1889 - 1940)
Aliases: Kravtchenko, Krawtschenko
(4)STREGEMINSKYStrzemiński, Władysław Maximilianowitsch (1893 - 1952)
Aliases: Stregeminsky, Strsheminski
KREITORKraïtor, Ivan Kondratievich (1880 - 1957)
Aliases: Kreitor, Kraitor
(1)SWESCHNIKOWASveshnikov, Ivan Ivanovich (1896 - 1963)
Alias: Sweschnikow
KRIMOWKrymov, Nikolai Petrovich (1884 - 1958)
Aliases: Krymow, Krimov, Krimow
(9)SWETLOWSvetlov, Sergei Yakovlevich (1903 - 1964)
Alias: Swetlow
KRINSKIKrinskij, Wladimir Fjodorowitsch (1890 - 1971)
Aliases: Krinsky, Krinski
(8)TATLINTatlin, Vladimir Yevgrafovich (1885 - 1953)
Alias: Tatline
No further details
Alias: Kruglow
(1)TERSATyrsa, Nikolai Andreevich (1887 - 1942)
Aliases: Tirsa, Tersa
KUDNJASCHOWKoudriachov, Ivan Alekseevich (1896 - 1972)
Aliases: Kudriashev, Kudriaschov, Kudrjaschow, Kudnjaschow, Kudriashov, Kudrjasev
(32)TOURJANSKITurjansky, Leonard Viktorovich (1875 - 1945)
Aliases: Tourshansky, Turzhansky, Turzhanskii, Tourjanski, Turjanski, Turshanskij, Turschanski, Turzhansky, Turjansky
KULBINKulbin, Nicolai Ivanovitch (1868 - 1917)
Alias: Koulbine
(10)TSCHAIKOWChaykov [Tchaikov], Iosif Moiseevich (1888 - 1979)
Aliases: Chaikov, Cajkov, Tschaikow, Tchaikov
KUPRIANOWKuprianov, Nicolas (1894 - 1933)
Aliases: Koupreianov, Kupreyanov, Kuprianow, Kupryanov, Kuprejanoff, Kuprejanow, Kupreianoff
(4)TSCHECHONIN, S.Tschechonin, Serge Wassiliewitsch (1878 - 1936)
Aliases: Cechonin, Chekhonin
KUPRINKuprin, Alexander Vasilyevich (1880 - 1960)
Alias: Kouprine
(23)TSCHEKMAZOWChekmazov [Tschekmazow], Ivan Ivanovich (1901 - 1961)
Aliases: Tchekmazov, Tschekmazow, Tschekmazov
KUSNIETZOWKuznetsov, Konstantin Pavlovich (1863 - 1936)(1)TSCHEKREGINChekrygin [Tschekrygin], Vassily Nikolaevich (1897 - 1922)
Aliases: Čekrygin, Chekrigin, Tschekrekin, Tchekrigine, Tchekryguine
KUSTODIEWKustodiev, Boris Mikhaylovich (1878 - 1927)
Aliases: Kustodijew, Kustodiew, Koustodiev, Kustodijeff, Kustodjeff
(10)TSCHERBINOWSKIScherbinovskiy, Dimitri Anfimovitch (1867 - 1926)
Aliases: Sherbinovski, Tscherbinowski
KUZNETZOW, P.Kuznetsov, Pavel Varfolomeevich (1878 - 1968)
Alias: Kuznetzow
(14)TSCHERNISCHOWChernikhov [Tschernichow], Yakov Georgievich (1889 - 1951)
Aliases: Černykov, Tschernichow, Tchernikho, Tschernischow
Not in the catalogLabas, Alexander Arkadewitsch (1900 - 1983)(10)UDALTZOWAUdaltsova, Nadezhda Andreyevna (1886 - 1961)
Aliases: Oudaltsova, Udalzowa, Udalcova
LADOWSKILadovsky, Nikolaj Alexandrowitsch (1881 - 1941)
Aliases: Ladowski, Ladowskij
(14)USATSCHOWUsachev, Alexey Ivanovich (1891 - 1957)
Aliases: Ussacioff, Usatschow
LAPSCHINLapschin, Nikolai Fjodorowitsch (1889 - 1942)
Alias: Lapschin
(8)WASILIEWWasiliew, Piotr (1899 - 1975)(1)
LAWINSKILavinskij, Anton Michajlovic (1893 - 1968)
Aliases: Lawinski, Lawinskij
No further details
Alias: Wasilkow
LEBEDIEWLebedev, Vladimir Vasil'evich (1891 - 1967)
Alias: Lebedew
(21)WASNETZOWVasnetsov, Apollinari Mikhailovich (1856 - 1933)
Aliases: Vasnecov, Wassnetzow, Wasnetsow, Wasnetzow, Wasnezow
LEBLANLeblan, Mikhail Varfolomeevich (1875 - 1940)(3)WESNINVesnin, Alexandr Alexandrovich (1883 - 1959)
Aliases: Vesnine, Wesnin, Wessnin
LEDANTIULe-Dantiu, Mikhail Vasilyevich (1891 - 1917)
Aliases: Le Dantu, Ledantu, Ledantiu, Ledentu
(7)WOLKOWVolkov, Aleksandr Nikolaevitch (1886 - 1957)
Alias: Wolkow
LENTULOWLentulov, Aristarkh Vasilyevich (1882 - 1943)
Aliases: Lentulow, Lentuloff, Lentouloff, Lentoulov
(34)ZETLINZeldin, Chaim
No further details
Alias: Zetlin
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Documenting Your Exhibition History

Collector / Exhibition History / Gallery / Museum / Non-Profit Place
Revalue your precious exhibition history

Documenting Your Exhibition History

Escape the haystack of search engine results

Each exhibition venue has an individual profile which is important for its legacy as well as for its future. As a matter of fact much of your profile and mission is based on your exhibition history which makes it an important source for the public.
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Send us all your solo- and group-exhibitions from the beginning to the present: Start and End Date of an Exhibition, Exhibition Title and Sub-Title, all participating Artists, and Curators.
We update with these records your individual artist-info.com page for a small one-time fee. Details on our artist-info.com Services page
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Exhibition History Each artist’s, exhibition venue’s (gallery, museum, non-profit, collector’s venue), and curator’s Exhibition History is displayed on an individual page, with direct access through its artist-info subdomain. Furthermore the summary section on the Exhibition History page provides helpful analytical insight at a glance.
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May be you should consider adding the artist-info subdomain of an individual exhibition to an exhibition catalog information or blog post or newspaper exhibition review. It provides important additional insight on all artists and curators of the exhibition.

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Exhibition Statistics Our Top 100 Artists Exhibitions Statistics page is based on the many 100.000 exhibitions in artist-info from 1929 up to the present.
Custom statistics and charts are available for your individual project and research.

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Carmen Gracia – ‘Mythologies quotidiennes’, 1964

Artists / Curators / History / Museum / Research
'Mythologies quotidiennes', 1964

Carmen Gracia – ‘Mythologies quotidiennes’, 1964
Two additional important facts

‘Figuration Narrative, Paris 1960–1972’ retrospective in 2008

   From April to July 2008 the RNM – Réunion des musées nationaux and the Centre Pompidou organized the exhibition Exhibition Link ‘Figuration Narrative, Paris 1960–1972’ at the Grand Palais, with Jean-Paul Ameline and Bénédicte Ajac as curator.

‘Mythologies quotidiennes’, 1964

The Press Release for the retrospective in 2008 states:
“The ‘Figuration Narrative’ wasn’t proclaimed as a movement as such. It was established through the activity of the art critic Gérald Gassiot-Talabot and the painters Bernard Rancillac and Hervé Télémaque, who organized at the Musée d’art moderne de la Ville de Paris the exhibition Exhibition Link ‘Mythologies quotidiennes’ from July 1 – October 30, 1964.

   In the same year 1964 Pop Art triumphs at the Exhibition Link 32nd Biennale di Venezia and conquered Europe, with Robert Rauschenberg being awarded the Gran Premio. [by artist-info: ‘Painting and Sculpture of a Decade 54/64’ closed June 28, 1964 at the Exhibition Link Tate Gallery, London; the ‘Exhibition Link documenta III‘ opened on June 28, 1964, curated by Arnold Bode and Werner Haftmann].

   The 1964 Paris exhibition Exhibition Link ‘Mythologies quotidiennes’ reunited 34 [acutally 36 – see our research below] artists (Alleyn, Arnal, Arroyo, Atila, Berni, Bertholo, Bertini, Bettencourt, Beynon, Brusse, Buri, Cremonini, Dado, Fahlström, Foldes, Gaïtis, Geissler,

Gironella, Golub, Gracia, Kalinowski, Klasen, Kramer, Monory, Pistoletto, Rancillac, Raynaud, Raysse, Recalcati, Réquichot, Saint-Phalle, Saul, Télémaque, Voss) who, like their colleagues from the United States were focusing in their works on the contemporary society and related images.”
   In April – June 1977 followed Exhibition Link ‘Mythologies quotidiennes 2’ with 85 artists at the Musée d’art moderne de la Ville de Paris, including 15 artists of ‘Mythologies quotidiennes 1’.
   Gérald Gassiot-Talabot explains in the accompanying catalogue the different intentions of the second exhibition.

   The exhibition ‘Figuration Narrative, Paris 1960–1972’ in 2008 and the accompanying catalogue is a profound retrospective of this period, including a long list of exhibitions and events throughout these years, including the important exhibition ‘Mythologies quotidiennes’, July – October 1964.

‘Mythologies quotidiennes’, 1964
Two important additional facts on the invited artists

   artist-info added group exhibitions of this period in December 2015 to its database and was looking closer to who was participating as artist at the important exhibition ‘Mythologies quotidiennes’ in July 1964.
   Our research did focus on two important issues of information on artists, missing in the 2008 retrospective.
1st Issue – Number of artists: The number of participating artists wasn’t 34 but 36.
2nd Issue – ‘Gracia’: As a custom way of exhibition information, the ‘Mythologies quotidiennes’ catalogue lists only the artist’s last name, without the first name. In this list appears the name ‘Gracia’.
Nobody could tell us the first name nor any biographical notes of this artist.

1st Issue – 36 instead of 34 artists

   In the foot note 2 of his text in the ‘Mythologies quotidiennes 2’ (28.4. – 5.6.1977) catalog Gérald Gassiot-Talabot refers to the exhibition ‘Mythologies quotidiennes’ in 1964 and mentions “… des artistes invités: [the 34 names] (hors catalogue: Yves Millet et Michael Warren)”.
Therefore the list of the 36 artists reads as follows

November 1, 2016
1964 CatalogOn artist-info.com(Exh.)1964 CatalogOn artist-info.com(Exh.)
ALLEYNAlleyn, Edmund
(1931 - 2004)
(12)GOLUBGolub, Leon
(1922 - 2004)
ARNALArnal, François
(1924 - 2012)
(16)GRACIAGracia, Carmen
ARROYOArroyo, Eduardo
(76)KALINOWSKIKalinowski, H. E. [Horst Egon]
(1924 - 2013)
ATILAAtila, [Atila Biró]
(1931 - 1987)
(14)KLASENKlasen, Peter
BERNIBerni, Antonio
(1905 - 1981)
(18)KRAMERKramer, Harry
(1925 - 1997)
BERTHOLOBertholo, René
(1935 - 2005)
(17)Not in the catalogMillet, Yves
BERTINIBertini, Gianni
(1922 - 2010)
(43)MONORYMonory, Jacques
BETTENCOURTBettencourt, Pierre
(1917 - 2006)
(4)PISTOLETTOPistoletto, Michelangelo
BEYNONBeynon, Eric
(4)RANCILLACRancillac, Bernard
BRUSSEBrusse, Mark
(29)RAYNAUDRaynaud, Jean-Pierre
BURIBuri, Samuel
(34)RAYSSERaysse, Martial
CREMONINICremonini, Leonardo
(1925 - 2010)
(24)RECALCATIRecalcati, Antonio
DADODado, [Miodrag Đurić]
(1933 - 2010)
(32)REQUICHOTRéquichot, Bernard
(1929 - 1961)
FAHLSTRÖMFahlström, Öyvind
(1928 - 1976)
(115)SAINT-PHALLESaint-Phalle, Niki de
[Niki Matthews]
(1930 - 2002)
FOLDESFoldès, Peter
(1924 - 1977)
(14)SAULSaul, Peter
GAITISGaïtis, Yannis
(8)TELEMAQUETélémaque, Hervé
GEISSLERGeissler, Klaus
(5)VOSSVoss, Jan
GIRONELLAGironella, Alberto
(1929 - 1999)
(24)Not in the catalogWarren, Michael
About Leon Golub: His wife Nancy Spero and Leon Golub came to Paris in 1959 and went back to the United States in 1964.
See as well for Leon Golub our post artist-info.com Blog Post Influential Contemporary Art Exhibitions in the 20th and 21st Century, Exhibition Link New Images of Man, Sep – Nov 1959, Museum of Modern Art, New York, organized by Peter Selz.

2nd Issue – ‘GRACIA’ is ‘Carmen Gracia’

   The far more intriguing question was: who is Gracia?
Up to today in all the records for this period and for the ‘Mythologies quotidiennes’ exhibition only the last name ‘Gracia’ is listed.
   We very early came across the name Carmen Gracia, an artist born 1935 in Argentina, but couldn’t find any biographical notes on her neither in France nor in Houston (International Center for the Arts of the Americas, The Museum of Fine Arts) which would connect her to Paris of the 60s and in particular to ‘Mythologies quotidiennes’.
   We researched many exhibitions of this time in Paris. The archives of Gérald Gassiot-Talabot didn’t reveal any hint about Carmen Gracia. Then we continued to search outside France.
We finally were lucky to find Carmen Gracia in two catalogs of the Ljubljanski grafični bienale – Mednarodna Graficna Razstava (Exposition Internationale de Gravure) in Ljubljana, taking part at the 5th and the 6th edition of this biennial:
Exhibition Link Ljubljanski grafični bienale V – 1963 (together with an international selection of 332 artists) and Exhibition Link Ljubljanski grafični bienale VI – 1965 (together with an international selection of 396 artists).
   The biographical notes on Carmen Gracia in the biennial catalogs were a surprise and an answer to our question: Who is ‘Gracia’ in the exhbition ‘Mythologies quotidiennes’, 1964?
Née le 18 mai 1935 à Mendoza (Argentine). Études de peinture à l’Académie Provinciale des Beaux Arts et à l’École des Arts appliqués à Mendoza, et de sculpture à l’École Supérieure des Arts plastiques de l’Université de Cuyo. En 1960 voyage à Pairs. En 1965 boursière du Gouvernement Anglais. Fait actuellement des études à Paris à l’Atelier 17 chez Stanley William Hayter. Participe aux expositions de l’Atelier 17. Participation aux expositions de Paris (1e biennale de gravure), d’Ottawa, etc. Représentée dans des galeries à San Francisco et à Paris.

   Carmen Gracia was therefore very well connected in Paris in the 60s through Atelier 17 and studying there under Stanley William Hayter (1901 – 1988).

At Atelier 17 she met Jennifer Dickson (*1936) from London who introduced her work in England.
Through these contacts she met Anthony Gross (1905 - 1984), at that time head of printmaking at Slade School of Art in London.
Carmen Gracia became a full member of RE (Royal Society of Painter-Printmakers) in 1985.
(From an interview by Hatty Davidson with Carmen Gracia, published in the 'Autumn Newsletter 2014' of the Bankside Gallery, London)
Bankside Gallery Autumn Newsletter 2014

Bankside Gallery Autumn Newsletter 2014
Cover image by Carmen Gracia
'Inner Garden', colored etching
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artist-info insight – Review 2015

Analytics / Artists / Collector / Curators / Exhibition Statistics / Gallery / Museum / News and Notes / Non-Profit Place / Research
artist-info Review 2015

artist-info.com review 2015
New services, more valuable Analytics and Insight

artist-info.com is a documentary source for solo- and group-exhibitions of contemporary art since 1929.
Cross-linking the exhibition history of more than 149.260 artists, 5.940 curators and 11.500 exhibition venues with more than 496.600 exhibitions provides new insight for evaluation and analytics like exhibition statistics and visualizing art networks.

Exhibition History Exhibitions since 1929

Many researched solo- and group-exhibitions were added to artist-info database, especially from earlier decades to better evaluate artists, curators, and exhibition venues with a long exhibition history.
Exhibition titles and sub-titles are now part of artist-info exhibition history information.

Influential Contemporary Art Exhibitions in the 20th and 21st Century

An exciting insight using artist-info database with important and influential exhibitions since 1929. Details of all selected exhibitions on artist-info.com/blog/influential

Summary section

For each artist. curator and exhibition venue a summary section and analytical overview was added artist-info.com/blog/sum

Exhibition Statistics Exhibition Statistics

Are Auctions a good place to buy Contemporary Art? – Auction sales records in comparison to exhibition statistics reveal two worlds apart artist-info.com/blog/top500

Visualizing Art Networks Visualizing Art Networks

Our most advanced service visualizes relations between exhibited artists.
A good example is related to the MoMA exhibition ‘Modern Photographs 1909-1949 – The Thomas Walther Collection’ with details on visualizingartnetworks.com/twc

artist-info on Instagram

Our Instagram feeds show details of artist-info news and exhibition events worldwide.


Today, January 25, 2016, you find with artist-info 149.265 artists and 5.945 curators in 496.606 shows (1930 – tomorrow) in 11.506 venues in 1.386 cities in 162 countries plus 328 professional and private classified offers.

artist-info Services

Our other services for contemporary art worldwide are
Exhibition Announcement WHAT’S ON-Exhibition AnnouncementsArtwork Offer Artwork Offers
Art world news with our JOUNRALArt Fairs Calendar
Artist Portfolio Artist-PortfoliosNewsletter Service
User accounts with ‘What’s on your mind’ community features, including a Buddies list and My Favorites listAdvertising Banners

Thomas Walther Collection Artists Today

Analytics / Art Networks Visualized / Artists / History / Research
Visualizing the Thomas Walther Collection

147 artists of the Thomas Walther Collection.
Our networkgraph shows how the artists are connected through exhibitions.
Visualizing Art Networks Click here to open a browser window with the Thomas Walther Collection Artist network visualization.

The Thomas Walther Collection Artists Today

Visualizing the participation in exhibitions since 1930
of the Thomas Walther Collection artists

  The photographic works of the 147 artists reunited in the MoMA exhibition in December 2014 were shown in many exhibitions of galleries, museums, and non-profit venues in many countries since the 1930’s.
  Some artists were shown more often than others, some together, some individually.
Based on thousands of exhibition records this artist-info ‘Visualizing Art Networks’ presentation analysis with an interactive network graph these records showing the appreciation of each of the 147 artists throughout the last 85 years.
  Among them Man Ray, Lászlo Moholy-Nagy, Lyonel Feininger, Walker Evans, Henri Cartier-Bresson, André Kertész, August Sander, Aleksander Rodchenko, Constantin Brancusi, Edward Weston, El Lissitzky, Alfred Stieglitz, Bérénice Abbott, Paul Strand, Edward Jean Steichen, Albert Renger-Patzsch, Karl Blossfeldt, Weegee, Manuel Álvarez Bravo, Herbert Bayer, Margaret Bourke-White.

The MoMA ‘Thomas Walther Collection’ Exhibition

  After four years of research and conservation initiative the MoMA, New York, was showing from December 13, 2104 – April 19, 2015 the work of 147 artists in
Modern Photographs from the Thomas Walther Collection, 1909–1949,
including a website with in-depth information, MoMA.org/objectphoto:
  “The outstanding and early selection by collector Thomas Walther represents with the shown work of the 147 artists the innovative vision of the 20s and 30s, a transformative period of modern photography and the foundation of our photo-based world.”
  This statement for the 2015 MoMA exhibition is true in many ways and based on the research of many scholars.

Exhibition History Records and the Concept for this artist-info project

  Adding important new aspects this artist-info ‘Visualizing Art Networks’ project analysis with the help of an interactive network graph the participation of each of the 147 artists in more than 750 solo- and 1570 group-exhibitions since 1930.
  Go for all details of our survey to visualizingartnetworks.com/twc.

1929 – 1931 Photography Exhibitions

Our survey in June 2015, which covers more than 2.290 solo- and group-exhibitions from 1929 – 2015, begins with the following important exhibitions of a short, but promising period of avant-garde and experimental photography
(Find on the artist-info page of each of the exhibition venues below the complete artist list of each exhibition)

Fotografie der Gegenwart

Jan 20 – Feb 17, 1929, Museum Folkwang, Essen
4 of altogether 12 known exhibition venues of this travelling exhibition are part of artist-info database.
March 10 – April 17, 1929, Kestner Gesellschaft Hannover
Jun 6 – 29, 1929, Whitechapel Gallery, London
Jul 7 – Aug 8, 1929 Frankfurter Kunstverein – FKV, Frankfurt am Main

Film und Foto – Internationale Ausstellung des Deutschen Werkbundes

Curator of the Stuttgart exhibition: Gustaf Stotz
The list of participating artists are different for each edition.
May – Jul 1929, Stuttgart, 1929, Ausstellungshallen auf dem Interimtheaterplatz, Konrad-Adenauer-Straße 3, D – 70173 Stuttgart
Oct 19 – Nov 17, 1929, Im Lichthof des Ehemaligen Kunstgewerbemuseums (today: Martin-Gropius-Bau), Berlin
Feb 20 – Mar 31, 1930, Österreichisches Museum

Das Lichtbild

Curator Josef M. Jurinek
Jun 5 – Sep 7, 1930, Münchener Bund und dem Verein Ausstellungspark München E.V.

Die neue Fotografie

Jan 11 – Feb 8, 1931, Gewerbemuseum Basel (today: Museum für Gestaltung Basel)


Apr 25 – May 31, Im Lichthof des Ehemaligen Kunstgewerbemuseums (today: Martin-Gropius-Bau), Berlin

  Go for all details of our survey to visualizingartnetworks.com/twc.  

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Are Auctions a good place to buy Contemporary Art?

Analytics / Artists / Collector / Exhibition Statistics / Gallery / Museum / Non-Profit Place
artprice Top 500 Statistics

Analysis Aartprice stats artprice auction report  VERSUS  artist-info stats artist-info Exhibition Statistics Ranking
Details of Analysis A below

Are Auctions a good place to buy Contemporary Art?

Top 500 artist auction results analysis

artprice.com, the auction result and sales index specialist, did publish in October 2015 its ‘Contemporary Art Market Report 2015’ together with a Top 500 artist auction results analysis.
The report gives some interesting insight into the situation of contemporary art sold at auctions worldwide. Contemporary means: No Andy Warhols, Pablo Picassos, Joseph Beuys, or Robert Rauschenbergs are part of this artprice Top 500 list.

Reality Check – Comparing the artist’s auction performance with exhibition history statistics

As there are so many exhibitions in galleries, museums, nonprofit and collector venues worldwide we at artist-info were interested in comparing these rich and manifold activities with the artprice Top 500 list.
artist-info is with more than 145.500 artists and 5.580 curators in 472.100 shows (1930 – today) in 11.453 venues in 1.377 cities in 162 countries one of the most comprehensive Internet databases for exhibition histories worldwide.

We analyzed

A — artprice Top 500 auction result report artists VERSUS these artist’s artist-info Exhibition Statistics.
B — artist-info Exhibition Statistics for the artprice Top 500 artists VERSUS artprice Top 500 ranking.
C — The ALL ARTISTS artist-info Exhibition Statistics  VERSUS  the 500 artists in artprice Top 500 auction result report list.

Our Analysis A

The bar chart below shows for each of the 500 artists a blue artprice bar and a red artist-info bar side by side.
The applied sort order for the 500 artists of artprice’s auction report list results in a blue wedge, starting with the highest rank 500 and ending at rank 1. The red bar of each artist stands for the number of exhibitions in artist-info database to which we applied as well a ranking of 500 – 1.
Blue and red bars show no relation at all.

Analysis Aartprice stats artprice auction report  VERSUS  artist-info stats artist-info Exhibition Statistics Ranking
2 Slider Images < All 500 > < Detail >

Our Analysis B

We applied a 500 to 1 ranking based on the total number of exhibitions (solo- and group-exhibitions) in artist-info database to the artists in the artprice Top 500 list.
Again the result is a wedge, this time of red bars.
As 175 or 35% mainly Chinese artists of the artprice auction result list don’t have exhibitions documented in artist-info database the red wedge reaches the zero line much before the end. Is the market of these artists limited to auction rooms?
Again no relation between an artist’s red artist-info bar and the blue artprice bar.

Analysis Bartist-info stats artist-info Exhibition Statistics  VERSUS  artprice stats artprice auction report Top 500 Ranking
2 Slider Images < All 500 > < Detail >

Our Analysis C

Which position have the 500 artists of the artprice auction result report list in the overall artist-info Artist Exhibition Statistics, means Warhols, Picassos, Beuyss and Rauschenbergs included?
artist-info database documents more than 145.500 artists.
Our third bar chart with the 500 artists with the most exhibitions (solo- and group exhibitions) shows that only 84 or 17% of the artprice Top 500 list appear in the artist-info Exhibition Statistics Top 500 list.

Analysis C - Auction Results Records Analysis
Analysis Cartist-info Top 500 Exhibition Statistics VERSUS artprice auction report Top 500 artist list
artprice stats Solo-Exhibitions and artprice stats Group-Exhibitions

Reality Check – Our result

As far as we know this is the first time that an auction result report for contemporary art artists is compared with the reality of the contemporary art world, worldwide, using exhibition history documentation. Thus ‘reality’ means the artist’s public presence and appreciation in exhibitions at galleries, museums, non-profit or collector’s venues.
This analysis is made possible by the artist-info database with more than 145.500 artists in 472.100 shows (1930 – today) in 11.453 venues.

We were much surprised about this obvious result above.
Our bar charts show two worlds apart.
You would expect some relation between high number of exhibitions worldwide and an artist’s auction results total. No such relation exists.

It means that everybody who buys contemporary art at an auction should compare thoroughly the artist’s analysis of auction results with the artist’s activities at galleries, museums, non-profit or collector’s venues. Weighing the later findings higher than auction result analysis means more sustainability and less risk.

This is only one aspect of many more analysis for this auctions result report based on artist-info exhibition history documentation.

artist-info Analytics and Services

artist-info publishes a detailed Top 100 Artist Exhibition Statistics list on Artist Exhibition Statistics www.artist-info.com/users/artist_exhibition_statistics
For each artist, curator, gallery, museum, non-profit and collector’s venue artist-info publishes a short analysis of their artist-info exhibition history documentation.
New insight and most valuable surplus is made available with artist-info‘s Visualizing Art Networks Visualizing Art Networks.

artist-info provides for buyers and all who are interested in contemporary art worldwide a most valuable source of information and with its services like WHAT'S ON Exhibition Announcements and Artwork Offers Artwork Offers a unique place for all.

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