Neue Sachlichkeit – Franz Roh, Exhibitions and their Artists

Artists / Exhibition History / History / Research
F.W. Seiwert, Four Men in front of Factories 1926 (section)

Franz Wilhelm Seiwert, ‘Four Men in Front of Factories’, 1926 (section), © public domain

Neue Sachlichkeit – Franz Roh, Exhibitions and their Artists, from 1921 up to the present

   Comparing the exhibitions and the shown artists related to ‘Neue Sachlichkeit’ is subject of this survey.
Who are the artists whose work is shown in exhibitions entitled ‘Neue Sachlichkeit’ or ‘Magic Realism’ in the 20s and exhibitions that are more recent?

   ‘Neue Sachlichkeit’ is an important issue when you are looking at painting of the 20s and 30s. Although he was the first to use this term in 1921, Franz Roh (1890-1965), the photography artist and art critic (his influential book ‘Foto-Auge’ is part of our survey artist-info.com Blog post The artists of the Kurt Kirchbach Sammlung and Thomas Walther Collection), continued to call the new currents ‘Nachexpressionistische Kunst’. It was Gustav Friedrich Hartlaub who entitled his exhibition at the Kunsthalle Mannheim in June 1925: ‘Neue Sachlichkeit’ – Deutsche Malerei seit dem Expressionismus. He was the first to give this term public awareness and ongoing attention.
   Franz Roh did not succeed in organizing an exhibition on ‘Nachexpressionismus’ himself. He instead published his thoughts and insight into painting of the 20s in his book ‘Nachexpressionismus. Magischer Realismus. Probleme der neuesten europäischen Malerei’, dated in the foreword Frauenkirch near Davos, March 1925, but not published before autumn of 1925, after the exhibition at Kunsthalle Mannheim closed in September. The annex of his book contains two lists of artists who, as he thinks, should be looked at regarding the new currents. He further writes that he sent these artist lists to Gustav F. Hartlaub to support him in organizing the exhibition at Kunsthalle Mannheim.

   Franz Roh’s book and his writings were in many regards influential, for the 20s and 30s and up to the present. To which extend is the subject of this survey. It compares the artists in Franz Roh’s book with artists shown in exhibitions in the 20s, starting with Kunsthalle Mannheim and again later when in 1961 ‘Neue Sachlichkeit’ was the title of an exhibition at Haus am Waldsee, Berlin, revisiting this important period.

 

Franz Roh – His Artist List

Franz Roh, Leipzig 1925
Franz Roh, page 133
Franz Roh, page 134
Table 3

To be able to compare the shown artists in exhibitions our first step was to transcribe the artist’s surname in the two lists on page 133 and 134 of Franz Roh’s book.
For artist-info, transcription of an artist name means identifying an artist by a documented exhibition in our database. The resulting interactive exhibition history on artist-info.com then provides insight into the artist’s exhibition history as well as the exhibition venue’s profile, not to forget the curator’s exhibitions. 

Table 3 below shows the result of this transcription.
‘Verzeichnis der abgebildeten Künstler’
The left part of the table shows 52 artists Franz Roh considers to be part of what he calls Nachexpressionismus, with an illustration of work in his book.
‘Verzeichnis weiterer Künstler’
Well aware that the new currents are part of an ongoing discussion and that artists are free in what they adopt or not in their work he provides the reader with a second list of suggested 58 artists listed on the right part of Table 3.

Exhibitions Before 1925

Young Italian painters are seen as the source for the new development.
Exhibition Link 43 | Das junge Italien
Kestner Gesellschaft, Hannover, 22.05.-19.06.1921; organized by Mario Broglio (1891-1948)
The exhibition with eight artists was shown before in Berlin, Alte Nationalgalerie, and later in Hamburg.
An important insight into this period gave
Exhibition Link Realismo magico – pittura e scultura in Italia 1919–1925
Gallerie dello Scudo, Verona, 27.11.1988-29.01.1989; organized by Maurizio Fagiolo dell’Arco (1939-2002)
showing 28 artists.

The Exhibitions of Mannheim 1925, Jena 1926, Berlin 1927, Amsterdam 1929
– Table 1 compares all artists of these four exhibitions

Table 1 below compares these four exhibitions and their artists. The artists who are part of Franz Roh’s list are marked in yellow.

Exhibition Link ‘Neue Sachlichkeit’ – Deutsche Malerei seit dem Expressionismus
Kunsthalle Mannheim, 14.06.-13.09.1925; Curator: Gustav Friedrich Hartlaub
Gustav F. Hartlaub and Franz Roh did exchange their points of view already since a longer time, including the idea for an exhibition to address the new currents with work of specific artists. Comparing the artist list of Franz Roh and the 32 exhibited artists by Gustav F. Hartlaub shows that he included Ernst Haider (1890-1988) and Kay Heinrich Nebel (1888-1953), who are not part of Franz Roh’s list.
The exhibtion was shown as well in Dresden, Sächsischer Kunstverein, 18.10.-22.11.1925, and in Chemnitz, Kunsthütte zu Chemnitz 13.12.1925-17.01.1926.

Exhibition Link Die neue Sachlichkeit
Kunstverein Jena, 16.05.-13.06.1926; Curator: Walter Dexel
Walter Dexel extended Franz Roh’s selection as well and included Nikolai Petrowitsch Glutschenko (1901-1977), Kay Heinrich Nebel (1888-1953), and Gustav Adolf Schaffer (1881-1937).

Exhibition Link Die neue Sachlichkeit
Galerie Neumann-Nierendorf, Berlin, March/April 1927
The gallery did show 23 artists of which 14 are on Franz Roh’s list. See our Table 1 below.
Interesting enough the exhibition’s catalog does include a foreword by Frank Roh, entitled ‘Nachexpressionistische Kunst’. However, although the exhibition is entitled ‘Die neue Sachlichkeit’, he does not use this term in his foreword at all.

Exhibition Link Tentoonstelling van de Onafhankelijken
– Inzending Duitsche ‘Neue Sachlichkeit’
, (Berlin, Breslau, Dresden, Hannover, Karlsruhe, Köln, Oldenburg, Paris)
Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, 11.05.-10.06.1929
Four years after the groundbreaking exhibition in Mannheim the list of the 25 shown artists in the Onafhankelijken’s exhibition in Amsterdam did look even more different: Only 10 artists are part of Franz Roh’s list.
See our Table 1 below.
The second part of this exhibition organized by the Exhibition Link ‘Onafhankelijken’, Vereeniging van Beeldende Kunstnaars Amsterdam, includes 139 artists. Among them Hannah Höch (1889-1979), Bram van Velde (1895-1981), Vilmos Huszár (1884-1960), Geer van Velde (1898-1977), Jan Sluijters (1881-1957), and Jan Wiegers (1893-1959).

Please use the artist’s individual artist-info exhibition history page to look up more exhibitions of the artists from 1880 up to the present.

Selection of four exhibitions 1961 up to the present
– Table 2 compares all artists of these four exhibitions

Table 2 below compares the following four exhibitions and their artists. The artists who are part of Franz Roh’s list are marked in yellow.

Exhibition Link Neue Sachlichkeit
Haus am Waldsee, Berlin, 25.09.-29.10.1961; Curator: Eberhard Marx
The exhibition shows 31 artists, 12 of them are on Franz Roh’s list. Eberhard Marx writes in the forword that this exhibition is the first comprehensive overview after Mannheim in 1925 and Amsterdam in 1929 of the phenomenon ‘Neue Sachlichkeit’.

Exhibition Link Neue Sachlichkeit – Bilder auf der Suche nach der Wirklichkeit – Figurative Malerei der zwanziger Jahre
Kunsthalle Mannheim, 09.10.1994-29.01.1995; Curator: Manfred Fath, Hans-Jürgen Buderer
The exhibition shows 66 artists, 21 are part of Franz Roh’s list.

Exhibition Link Realismo mágico – Franz Roh y la pintura europea 1917 – 1936
Instituto Valenciano de Arte Moderno, Centre Julio González, Valencia, 19.06.-31.08.1997; Curator: Marga Paz
For Franz Roh the ‘Magic Realism’, Post Expressionism / Nachexpressionismus’, ‘New Objectivity / Neue Sachlichkeit’ was a “problem in mostrecent European painting”, as he puts it in the titel of his book in 1925.
The exhibition in Valencia is an overview taking in account the European dimension of the new development in painting in the 20s and 30s.
The exhibition shows 66 artists, 28 are part of Franz Roh’s list.

Exhibition Link New Objectivity – Modern German Art in the Weimar Republic, 1919–1933
Los Angeles County Museum of Art, 04.10.2015–18.01.2016; Curator: Stephanie Barron, Nana Bahlmann
The exhibition is the first comprehensive exhibition in the United States to explore the dominant artistic trends of this period. It is divided into five thematic sections that address the competing and at times conflicting approaches that the adherents to this new realism applied to the tumultuous and rapidly changing Weimar years. Some of the works included here attack political and social wrongs; others seem nostalgic or long for the past; still others focus on objects and human subjects, rendered in uninflected surfaces and seemingly frozen in time. The overall severity of New Objectivity reflects the harshness of its historical moment and the dedication of its artists to capture, if not to critique, the turmoil that surrounded them.
More about the focus of this exhibition can be found on our text page
artist-info.com Blog post New Objectivity – Modern German Art in the Weimar Republic, 1919–1933
The exhibition shows 54 artists, 14 are part of Franz Roh’s list.

More exhibitions and important insight

The eight exhibitions in our Table 1 and Table 2 are important overviews and retrospectives. After the exhibition at ‘Haus am Waldsee’ in 1961 ‘Neue Sachlichkeit / New Objectivity’ was subject to many more exhibitions, in particular a more regional or national fucos.
Some of these exhibitions are listed here.
Please use the artist’s individual artist-info exhibition history page to look up more exhibitions of the artists from 1880 up to the present.
You may also want to use artist-info.com Main Search with queries like New Objectivity, Sachlichkeit, Realism, Realismus, Zwanziger Jahre and other related terms to find more exhibitions and their artists on artist-info.com.

Exhibition Link Die Zwanziger Jahre in Hannover – Bildende Kunst, (Literatur, Theater, Tanz,) Architektur 1916–1933
Kunstverein Hannover, 12.08.-30.09.1962

Exhibition Link Realismus in der Malerei der 20er Jahre
Kunstverein in Hamburg, 19.10.-02.12.1968
Frankfurter Kunstverein, 14.12.1968 bis 02.02.1969

Exhibition Link Published in Germany, 1923
Museum of Modern Art – MoMA, New York, 20.10.1973 – 13.01.1974
Curator: Riva Castleman, Howardena Pindell
artist-info.com Blog post Press Release of Published in Germany, 1923

Exhibition Link Neue Sachlichkeit in Hannover
Kunstverein Hannover, 12.05.-30.06.1974

Exhibition Link Neue Sachlichkeit and German Realism of the Twenties (1/2) – Painting
Curator: Wieland Schmied
Exhibition Link Neue Sachlichkeit and German Realism of the Twenties (2/2) – Photography
Curator: Ute Eskildsen
Hayward Gallery, London, 11.11.1978-14.01.1979

Exhibition Link ‘Der stärkste Ausdruck unserer Tage’ – Neue Sachlichkeit in Hannover
Sprengel Museum, Hannover, 09.12.2001-10.31.2002, Curator: Christian Fuhrmeister

Exhibition Link Neue Sachlichkeit in Dresden – Malerei der Zwanziger Jahre von Dix bis Querner
Kunsthalle im Lipsiusbau, Dresden, 01.10.2011-08.01.2012, Curator: Birgit Dalbajewa

Exhibition Link Zwischen Traum und Reportage – Künstler der Neuen Sachlichkeit
Kunstsammlung Jena, 07.09.-23.11.2014, Curator: Erik Stephan

Exhibition Link Neu. Sachlich. Schweiz. – Malerei der Neuen Sachlichkeit in der Schweiz
Museum Oskar Reinhart, Winterthur, 02.09.2017–14.01.2018, Curator: Andrea Lutz, David Schmidhauser

Exhibition Link Glanz und Elend in der Weimarer Republik
SCHIRN Kunsthalle Frankfurt, 27.10.2017-25.02.2018, Curator: Ingrid Pfeiffer

Table 1 – Imoprtant Exhibitions in the 20s

link icon  Neue Sachlichkeit
Kunsthalle Mannheim
14.06.-13.09.1925
Gustav Friedrich Hartlaub
32 artists (Franz Roh: 30)
link icon  Die neue Sachlichkeit
Kunstverein Jena
16.05.-13.06.1926
Walter Dexel
18 artists (Franz Roh: 15)
link icon  Die neue Sachlichkeit
Neumann-Nierendorf, Berlin
March/April 1927

23 artists (Franz Roh: 14)
link icon  Inzending 'Neue Sachlichkeit'
Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam
11.05.-10.06.1929
25 artists (Franz Roh: 10)
Babij, Ivan (1896 - 1974)Babij, Ivan (1896 - 1974)Diehl, Gottfried (1896 - 1956)Busack, Friedrich (1899 - 1933)
Beckmann, Max (1884 - 1950)Burmann, Fritz (1892 - 1945)Dix, Otto (1891 - 1969)Dix, Otto (1891 - 1969)
Burmann, Fritz (1892 - 1945)Davringhausen, Heinrich Maria (1894 - 1970)Dressler, August Wilhelm (1886 - 1970)Dressler, August Wilhelm (1886 - 1970)
Davringhausen, Heinrich Maria (1894 - 1970)Dix, Otto (1891 - 1969)Fritsch, Ernst (1892 - 1965)Fritsch, Ernst (1892 - 1965)
Dix, Otto (1891 - 1969)Erbslöh, Adolf (1881 - 1947)Griebel, Otto (1895 - 1972)Griebel, Otto (1895 - 1972)
Erbslöh, Adolf (1881 - 1947)Fritsch, Ernst (1892 - 1965)Grossberg, Carl (1894 - 1940)Grossberg, Carl (1894 - 1940)
Ewald, Reinhold (1890 - 1974)Glutschenko, Nikolai Petrowitsch (1901 - 1977)Grosz, George (1893 - 1959)Grosz, George (1893 - 1959)
Fritsch, Ernst (1892 - 1965)Grosz, George (1893 - 1959)Herber, Richard (1899 - 1974)Grundig, Hans (1901 - 1958)
Gloutchenko, Nicolas (1901 - 1977)Kanoldt, Alexander (1881 - 1939)Hoerle, Heinrich (1895 - 1936)Heitmüller, August (1873 - 1935)
Godron, Benjamin Johann (1902 - 1965)Kars, Georges (1882 - 1945)Hubbuch, Karl (1891 - 1979)Hoffmann, Eugen (1892 - 1955)
Grosz, George [Georg Ehrenfried] (1893 - 1959)Mense, Carlo [Otto Marto] (1886 - 1965)Kanoldt, Alexander (1881 - 1939)Hubbuch, Karl (1891 - 1979)
Haider, Ernst (1890 - 1988)Nebel, Kay Heinrich (1888 - 1953)Lachnit, Wilhelm (1899 - 1962)Kretzschmar, Bernhard (1889 - 1972)
Heise, Wilhelm (1892 - 1965)Räderscheidt, Anton (1892 - 1970)Mense, Carlo [Otto Marto] (1886 - 1965)Lachnit, Wilhelm (1899 - 1962)
Hubbuch, Karl (1891 - 1979)Rössing, Karl (1897 - 1987)Ploberger, Herbert (1902 - 1977)Lenk, Franz (1898 - 1968)
Kanoldt, Alexander (1881 - 1939)Schaffer, Gustav Adolf (1881 - 1937)Radziwill, Franz (1895 - 1983)Mense, Carlo [Otto Marto] (1886 - 1965)
Kars, Georges (1882 - 1945)Schlichter, Rudolf (1890 - 1955)Ripper, Rudolph Charles von (1905 - 1960)Mertens, Hans (1906 - 1944)
Kaufmann, Arthur (1888 - 1971)Scholz, Georg (1890 - 1945)Schad, Christian (1894 - 1982)Ploberger, Herbert (1902 - 1977)
Kretzschmar, Bernhard (1889 - 1972)Schrimpf, Georg (1889 - 1938)Schlichter, Rudolf (1890 - 1955)Radziwill, Franz (1895 - 1983)
Mense, Carlo [Otto Marto] (1886 - 1965)Schmid, Wilhelm (1892 - 1971)Rudolph, Wilhelm (1889 - 1982)
Nebel, Kay Heinrich (1888 - 1953)Scholz, Georg (1890 - 1945)Schad, Christian (1894 - 1982)
Otto, Wilfried (1901 - 1989)Schrimpf, Georg (1889 - 1938)Schmid, Wilhelm (1892 - 1971)
Peiner, Werner (1897 - 1984)Schulz-Matan, Walter (1889 - 1965)Schrimpf, Georg (1889 - 1938)
Räderscheidt, Anton (1892 - 1970)Seewald, Richard (1889 - 1976)Seewald, Richard (1889 - 1976)
Ripper, Rudolph Charles von (1905 - 1960)Thoms, Ernst (1896 - 1983)
Ritschl, Otto (1885 - 1976)Wegner, Erich (1899 - 1980)
Rössing, Karl (1897 - 1987)
Schlichter, Rudolf (1890 - 1955)
Schnarrenberger, Wilhelm (1892 - 1966)
Scholz, Georg (1890 - 1945)
Schrimpf, Georg (1889 - 1938)
Schulz-Matan, Walter (1889 - 1965)
Stoecklin, Niklaus (1896 - 1982)

Table 2 – Exhibitions from 1961 up to the present

link icon  Neue Sachlichkeit
Haus am Waldsee
26.09.-29.10.1961
Eberhard Marx
31 artists (Franz Roh: 12)
link icon  Neue Sachlichkeit
Kunsthalle Mannheim
09.10.1994-29.01.1995
Manfred Fath
66 artists (Franz Roh: 21)
link icon  Realismo mágico
IVAM Centre Julio González, Valencia, 19.06.-31.08.1997
Marga Paz
66 artists (Franz Roh: 28)
link icon  New Objectivity
Los Angeles County Museum of Art, 04.10.2015–18.01.2016
Stephanie Barron
54 artists (Franz Roh: 14)
Babij, Ivan (1896 - 1974) Arnold, Christian (1889 - 1960) Andreu, Mariano (1888 - 1976) Ballhause, Walter (1911-1991)
Böttger, Herbert (1898 - 1954) Babij, Ivan (1896 - 1974) Arteta, Aurelio (1879 - 1940) Beckmann, Max (1884-1950)
Busack, Friedrich (1899 - 1933) Becker, Franz Helmut (1894 - 1952) Beckmann, Max (1884 - 1950) Biermann, Aenne Sternefeld (1898-1933)
Davringhausen, Heinrich Maria (1894 - 1970) Beckmann, Max (1884 - 1950) Campigli, Massimo [Max Ihlenfeld] (1895 - 1971) Burmann, Fritz (1892-1945)
Dix, Otto (1891 - 1969) Birkle, Albert (1900 - 1986) Carrà, Carlo (1881 - 1966) Davringhausen, Heinrich Maria (1894-1970)
Dörries, Bernhard (1898 - 1978) Bissier, Julius (1893 - 1965) Casorati, Felice (1883 - 1963) Debschitz-Kunowski, Wanda von (1870-1935)
Dressler, August Wilhelm (1886 - 1970) Burmann, Fritz (1892 - 1945) Chirico, Giorgio de (1888 - 1978) Dischinger, Rudolf (1904-1988)
Foerster, Peter Ludwig (1887 - 1948) Chirico, Giorgio de (1888 - 1978) Courmes, Alfred (1898 - 1993) Dix, Otto (1891-1969)
Fritsch, Ernst (1892 - 1965) Citroën, Paul (1896 - 1983) Dalí, Salvador (1904 - 1989) Dörries, Bernhard (1898-1978)
Grossberg, Carl (1894 - 1940) Davringhausen, Heinrich Maria (1894 - 1970) Davringhausen, Heinrich Maria (1894 - 1970) Dressler, August Wilhelm (1886-1970)
Grosz, George (1893 - 1959) Dischinger, Rudolf (1904 - 1988) Derain, André (1880 - 1954) Erfurth, Hugo (1874-1948)
Hubbuch, Karl (1891 - 1979) Dix, Otto (1891 - 1969) Dix, Otto (1891 - 1969) Finsler, Hans (1891-1972)
Jürgens, Grethe (1899 - 1981) Dörries, Bernhard (1898 - 1978) Domingo Segura, Francesc (1893 - 1974) Fuhr, Franz Xaver (1898-1973)
Kanoldt, Alexander (1881 - 1939) Erbslöh, Adolf (1881 - 1947) Donghi, Antonio (1897 - 1963) Griebel, Otto (1895-1972)
Kinzer, Georg (1896 - 1983) Erfurth, Hugo (1874 - 1948) Elías Bracons, Feliú (1878 - 1948) Grossberg, Carl (1894-1940)
Klein, Bernhard (1888 - 1967) Felixmüller, Conrad (1897 - 1977) Frau, José (1898 - 1976) Grosz, George (1893-1959)
Mense, Carlo [Otto Marto] (1886 - 1965) Fritsch, Ernst (1892 - 1965) Fresnaye, Roger de La (1885 - 1925) Grundig, Hans (1901-1958)
Mertens, Hans (1906 - 1944) Fuhr, Franz Xaver (1898 - 1973) Fritsch, Ernst (1892 - 1965) Günther, Kurt (1893-1955)
Möller, Otto (1883 - 1964) Gilles, Barthel (1891 - 1977) Funi, Achille (1890 - 1972) Hubbuch, Karl (1891-1979)
Ploberger, Herbert (1902 - 1977) Goldberg, Fred (1889 - 1973) Gaya, Ramón (1910 - 2005) Jacobi, Lotte Johanna (1896-1990)
Räderscheidt, Anton (1892 - 1970) Griebel, Otto (1895 - 1972) Grossberg, Carl (1894 - 1940) Jürgens, Grethe (1899-1981)
Radziwill, Franz (1895 - 1983) Grossberg, Carl (1894 - 1940) Grosz, George (1893 - 1959) Kanoldt, Alexander (1881-1939)
Ruppert, Kurt Friedrich [Karl] (*1893) Grosz, George (1893 - 1959) Guidi, Virgilio (1891 - 1984) Kleinschmidt, Paul (1883-1949)
Rüter, Karl (1902 - 1986) Grundig, Lea (1906 - 1977) Heise, Wilhelm (1892 - 1965) Köster, Arthur (1890-1965)
Schad, Christian (1894 - 1982) Heartfield, John [Helmut Herzfeld] (1891 - 1968) Herbin, Auguste (1882 - 1960) Kulvianski, Issai (1892-1970)
Schlichter, Rudolf (1890 - 1955) Hirzel, Manfred (1905 - 1932) Hofer, Karl [Carl] (1878 - 1955) Lachnit, Wilhelm (1899-1962)
Scholz, Georg (1890 - 1945) Höch, Hannah (1889 - 1979) Hubbuch, Karl (1891 - 1979) Lenk, Franz (1898-1968)
Schrimpf, Georg (1889 - 1938) Hoerle, Heinrich (1895 - 1936) Ismael, Juan (1907 - 1981) Leo, Gerda (1909-1993)
Thoms, Ernst (1896 - 1983) HOLMEAD, [Clifford Holmead Phillips] (1889 - 1975) Kanoldt, Alexander (1881 - 1939) Lex-Nerlinger, Alice (1893-1975)
Viegener, Eberhard (1890 - 1967) Hubbuch, Karl (1891 - 1979) Lahuerta, Genaro (1905 - 1985) Mammen, Jeanne [M. L. Mammen] [M. L. Folcardy] (1890-1976)
Wegner, Erich (1899 - 1980) Jürgens, Grethe (1899 - 1981) Le Corbusier, [Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris] (1887 - 1965) Man, Felix H. (1893-1985)
Kanoldt, Alexander (1881 - 1939) Léger, Fernand (1881 - 1955) Mantz, Werner (1901-1983)
Kleinschmidt, Paul (1883 - 1949) Lenk, Franz (1898 - 1968) Mense, Carlo [Otto Marto] (1886-1965)
Lachnit, Wilhelm (1899 - 1962) León, Alfonso Ponce de (1900 - 1936) Mertens, Hans (1906-1944)
Lenk, Franz (1898 - 1968) Lhote, André (1885 - 1962) Overbeck-Schenk, Gerta (1898-1977)
Lohse-Wächtler, Elfriede (1899 - 1940) Mallo, Maruja (1902 - 1995) Perckhammer, Heinz von (1895-1975)
Mammen, Jeanne (1890 - 1976) Mense, Carlo [Otto Marto] (1886 - 1965) Ploberger, Herbert (1902-1977)
Meidner, Ludwig (1884 - 1966) Metzinger, Jean (1883 - 1956) Räderscheidt, Anton (1892-1970)
Mense, Carlo [Otto Marto] (1886 - 1965) Miró, Joan (1893 - 1983) Radler, Max (1904-1971)
Möller, Otto (1883 - 1964) Monzón, Felo (1910 - 1989) Radziwill, Franz (1895-1983)
Morandi, Giorgio (1890 - 1964) Olasagasti, Jesús (1907 - 1955) Renger-Patzsch, Albert (1897-1966)
Müller-Hufschmid, Willi (1890 - 1966) Oppi, Ubaldo (1889 - 1942) Roh, Franz (1890-1965)
Nagel, Otto (1894 - 1967) Oramas, José Jorge (1911 - 1935) Sander, August (1876-1964)
Nägele, Reinhold (1884 - 1972) Ozenfant, Amédée (1886 - 1966) Schad, Christian (1894-1982)
Ploberger, Herbert (1902 - 1977) Palencia, Benjamín (1894 - 1980) Schlichter, Rudolf (1890-1955)
Räderscheidt, Anton (1892 - 1970) Pérez Rubio, Timoteo (1896 - 1977) Schmidt, Leonhard (1892-1978)
Radler, Max (1904 - 1971) Picasso, Pablo (1881 - 1973) Schnarrenberger, Wilhelm (1892-1966)
Radziwill, Franz (1895 - 1983) Pietro, Cagnaccio di San (1897 - 1946) Scholz, Georg (1890-1945)
Schad, Christian (1894 - 1982) Pisis, Filippo de [Luigi Filippo Tibertelli] (1896 - 1956) Schrimpf, Georg (1889-1938)
Schlichter, Rudolf (1890 - 1955) Räderscheidt, Anton (1892 - 1970) Seidenstücker, Friedrich (1882-1966)
Schmidt, Leonhard (1892 - 1978) Radziwill, Franz (1895 - 1983) Völker, Karl (1889-1962)
Schnarrenberger, Wilhelm (1892 - 1966) Roy, Pierre (1880 - 1950) Wegner, Erich (1899-1980)
Scholz, Georg (1890 - 1945) Sacharoff, Olga Nicolaevna (1889 - 1967) Wollheim, Gert Heinrich (1894-1974)
Schrimpf, Georg (1889 - 1938) Santana, Santiago (1909 - 1995) Wunderwald, Gustav (1882-1945)
Schulz-Matan, Walter (1889 - 1965) Schad, Christian (1894 - 1982)
Seiwert, Franz-Wilhelm (1894 - 1933) Schlichter, Rudolf (1890 - 1955)
Sommer, Alice (1898 - 1982) Scholz, Georg (1890 - 1945)
Umbo, [Otto Umbehr] (1902 - 1980) Schrimpf, Georg (1889 - 1938)
Uzarski, Adolf (1885 - 1970) Severini, Gino (1883 - 1966)
Voigt, Bruno (1912 - 1988) Sironi, Mario (1885 - 1961)
Wedewer, Josef (1896 - 1979) Souto, Arturo (1904 - 1964)
Wegner, Erich (1899 - 1980) Sunyer, Joaquím (1874 - 1956)
Weinhold, Kurt (1896 - 1965) Togorès, José María de (1893 - 1970)
Wollheim, Gert Heinrich (1894 - 1974) Tozzi, Mario (1895 - 1979)
Wunderwald, Gustav (1882 - 1945) Ucelay, José María de (1903 - 1979)
Ziegler, Richard (1891 - 1992) Vázquez Díaz, Daniel (1882 - 1969)

Table 3 – Franz Roh 1925

Roh, Franz: Nach-Expressionismus. Magischer Realismus. Probleme der neuesten europäischen Malerei;
Leipzig, Klinkhardt & Biermann, 1925, page 133,134.

Verzeichnis der abgebildeten Künstler
Page 133
(Exh.)Verzeichnis weiterer Künstler
Page 134
(Exh.)
AlixAlix, Yves (1890-1969) (8)ArnoldArnold, Christian (1889-1960) (9)
BabijBabij, Ivan (1896-1974) (8)BodmerBodmer, Paul (1886-1983) (12)
BeckmannBeckmann, Max (1884-1950) (432)M. R. BrunoBruno, Marc (1901-1942) (0)
BenedekBenedek, Péter (1889-1984) (1)F. BurmannBurmann, Fritz (1892-1945) (6)
BörjeBörje, Gideon (1891-1965) (2)CasoratiCasorati, Felice (1883-1963) (46)
BortnyikBortnyik, Sándor [Alexander] (1893-1976) (37)ChampionChampion, Theodor (1887-1952) (9)
CarràCarrà, Carlo (1881-1966) (117)Primo ContiConti, Primo (1900-1988) (9)
ChiricoChirico, Giorgio de (1888-1978) (248)DinklageDinklage, Erna (1895-1991) (1)
CitroenCitroën, Paul (1896-1983) (32)DonghiDonghi, Antonio (1897-1963) (13)
CoubineKubín, Otakar (1883-1969) (26)Erbach (zum Teil)Erbach, Alois (1888-1972) (10)
DahlskogDahlskog, Ewald Albin Filip (1894-1950) (2)Erbslöh (zum Teil)Erbslöh, Adolf (1881-1947) (52)
DardelDardel, Nils von (1888-1943) (16)R. EwaldEwald, Reinhold (1890-1974) (15)
DavringhausenDavringhausen, Heinrich Maria (1894-1970) (39)GlustschenkoGloutchenko, Nicolas (1901-1977) (1)
DerainDerain, André (1880-1954) (208)GodronGodron, Benjamin Johann (1902-1965) (1)
DixDix, Otto (1891-1969) (267)GuidiGuidi, Virgilio (1891-1984) (38)
ErnstErnst, Max (1891-1976) (500)GunschmannGunschmann, Carl (1895-1984) (7)
FoujitaFoujita, Léonard Tsuguharu (1886-1968) (19)Eric HallströmHallström, Eric [Cornelius Efraim] (1893-1946) (3)
FritschFritsch, Ernst (1892-1965) (41)Carl Hofer (neuerdings, nur sehr zum Teil)Hofer, Karl [Carl] (1878-1955) (187)
FuniFuni, Achille (1890-1972) (21)W. IllmerIllmer, Willy (1899-1968) (1)
GalanisGalanis, Dimitrios Emmanuel (1879-1966) (6)Itten (neuerdings)Itten, Johannes (1888-1967) (84)
GroszGrosz, George [Georg Ehrenfried] (1893-1959) (271)A. JakowlewJacovleff, Alexandre Yevgenievich (1887-1938) (8)
HeiseHeise, Wilhelm (1892-1965) (22)A. KaufmannKaufmann, Arthur (1888-1971) (7)
HerbinHerbin, Auguste (1882-1960) (147)C. Klein (neuerdings)Klein, César (1876-1954) (26)
HubbuchHubbuch, Karl (1891-1979) (62)KremlickaKremli?ka, Rudolf (1886-1932) (3)
HuberHuber, Hermann (1888-1967) (29)LachnitLachnit, Wilhelm (1899-1962) (27)
JustitzJustitz, Alfréd (1879-1934) (1)LozowikLozowick, Louis (1892-1973) (36)
KanoldtKanoldt, Alexander (1881-1939) (64)MagnelliMagnelli, Alberto (1888-1971) (127)
KarsKars, Georges (1882-1945) (23)Emilio MalerbaMalerba, Gian Emilio (1880-1926) (2)
KislingKisling, Moïse (1891-1953) (25)G. MorandiMorandi, Giorgio (1890-1964) (146)
KretzschmarKretzschmar, Bernhard (1889-1972) (35)Axel NilssonNilsson, Axel (1889-1981) (6)
KrohgKrohg, Per Lasson (1889-1965) (19)W. OttoOtto, Wilfried (1901-1989) (2)
LevyLévy, Léopold (1882-1966) (1)ParzingerParzinger, Tommi (1903-1981) (0)
LinnqvistLinnqvist, Hilding (1891-1984) (13)W. PeinerPeiner, Werner (1897-1984) (8)
MakowskiMakowski, Józef? Tadeusz (1882-1932) (7)Pellegrini (neuerdings)Pellegrini, Alfred Heinrich (1881-1958) (35)
MaunyMauny, Jacques (1893-1962) (10)C. von RipperRipper, Rudolph Charles von (1905-1960) (2)
MenseMense, Carlo [Otto Marto] (1886-1965) (59)O. RitschlRitschl, Otto (1885-1976) (72)
MetzingerMetzinger, Jean (1883-1956) (80)RodenwaldRodewald, Otto (1891-1960) (2)
MiroMiró, Joan (1893-1983) (608)K. RössingRössing, Karl (1897-1987) (23)
NebelNebel, Otto (1892-1973) (27)Olga SacharoffSacharoff, Olga Nicolaevna (1889-1967) (3)
OppiOppi, Ubaldo (1889-1942) (10)Schilling (Simplizis-simuszeichner)Schilling, Erich (1885-1945) (2)
PicassoPicasso, Pablo (1881-1973) (1073)R. SchlichterSchlichter, Rudolf (1890-1955) (73)
RäderscheidtRäderscheidt, Anton (1892-1970) (36)Wilh. SchmidSchmid, Wilhelm (1892-1971) (15)
ScholzScholz, Georg (1890-1945) (40)W. SchnarrenbergerSchnarrenberger, Wilhelm (1892-1966) (21)
SchrimpfSchrimpf, Georg (1889-1938) (74)E.SchönbergSchönberg, Ewald (1882-1949) (3)
SchuchajewSchuchajew, Wassili Iwanowitsch (1887-1974) (1)Frithiof SchülthSchüldt, Fritiof (1891-1978) (3)
SeveriniSeverini, Gino (1883-1966) (159)Schulz-MatanSchulz-Matan, Walter (1889-1965) (7)
SköldSköld, Otte (1894-1958) (9)Seewald (neuerdings)Seewald, Richard (1889-1976) (42)
SmithSmith, Percy John Delf (1882-1948) (1)Stegemann (neuer-dings zum Teil)Stegemann, Heinrich (1888-1945) (8)
SpiesSpies, Walter (1895-1942) (5)Nik. StöcklinStoecklin, Niklaus (1896-1982) (18)
ThevenetThévenet, Jacques (1891-1989) (4)O. TrepteTrepte, Oskar (1890-1969) (2)
TogorésTogorès, José María de (1893-1970) (9)Tscharner (zum Teil)Tscharner, Johann Wilhelm von (1886-1946) (3)
Zur-MuehlenBroglio, Edita Walterowna [zur Mühlen] (1886-1977) (6)Unold (neuerdings)Unold, Max (1885-1964) (15)
Utrillo (nur zum Teil)Utrillo, Maurice (1883-1955) (53)
WatenphulPeiffer Watenphul, Max (1896-1976) (39)
F. A. Weber (neuerdings)Weber, Evarist Adam (1887-1968) (2)
E. Zak (zum Teil)Zak, Eugène (1884-1926) (12)
E ZellerZeller, Eugen (1889-1974) (10)
Ziegler (München)Ziegler, Siegfried (1894-1971) (2)
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