Artist | Donald Judd (1928 - 1994)

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    • Donald Judd

      Eight Modular Unit V-Channel Pieces1967

Biography

Biography

born in 1928, died in 1994

About the work (english / deutsch)

About the work (english / deutsch)

In General
In 1980 the Museum für Moderne Kunst acquired not only a set of 80 works by a variety of international artists dating from the Sixties und Seventies but also two sculptures by the American artist Donald Judd: they had all been part of the collection formerly owned by Karl Ströher, the Darmstadt industrial magnate.
Judd, whose works are made up of simple geometrical or stereometrical figures or bodies, is one of the main representatives of Minimal Art, a movement that evolved in the Sixties. His sculptures tend to engender a concrete spatial setting by delimiting a volume of air. Judd evidently wishes to convey to us a sense above all of the difference between the objective, concrete form and our subjective experience of that form when perceiving it.

Eight Modular Unit V-Channel Piece
In the case of the Eight Modular Unit V-Channel Piece (1967) Judd chose to construct the form out of serial elements - quite in keeping with the trend among the Minimalists - arranging these to generate a clear and regular symmetrical structure. These component parts are worked and coloured perfectly, with the result that they demonstrate Judd's interest in giving a basic sculptural idea as objective a material form as possible, enabling the viewer to experience subjectively the manifold appearances of the object. By electing not to give the work a title and instead opting for a precise technical description of the sculpture's formal structure, Judd points up the fact that the sculpture is intended to be bereft of all individual expression. Moreover, there are clear pointers to the components' industrial origin, to the fact that these parts can be reproduced by technological means, and thus that they can essentially be repeated at will. Judd constructs his sculpture out of identical rectangular frames that lie on their longer side; their form is accentuated by the fact that the sides of each consist of a V-shaped channel, whereby the "V" points inwards. For all the similarity between the frames, this channel sets them off from one another, for it creates an interplay of surfaces that are alternately lit or shadowed. In this way Judd points to the importance of that the surface properties of the material and the colours have in his sculpture, because these two qualities are effected both by the lightfalling on the sculpture at a given moment and by the particular position of the observer. The eight parts of the artwork are placed parallel to one another in such a way that the space betwee them is always the same in width as the components themselves are. In other words, using a serial group of modular elements Judd creates a sculpture which, by virtue of the underlying principle which determines the order of the parts, lays claim to a space of its own. The order involved entails no formal hierarchy and is thus highly objective. Given that the artwork's structure is intrinsically regular and each part can be replaced by one of the others, the sculpture provides no scope for an interpretation in terms of its depicting general structural theorems. Judd confirms this when he says: "A shape, a volume, a color, a surface is something itself. It shouldn't be concealed as part of a fairly different whole. The shapes and materials shouldn't be altered by their context. One or four boxes in a row, any single thing or such a series, is local order, just an arrangement, barely order at all. The series is mine, someone's, and clearly not some larger order."

Within the coordinates of the exhibition room and when placed one behind the other, the framing elements define a specific three-dimensional volume und demonstrate the multi-referential relationship between sculptural und non-sculptural space. When walking around the sculpture, the observer sees a series of external limits created by the eight parts, whereby these blend with one another and yet also tend to break apart: the spaces between the parts allow a view of the interior of the sculpture so that "space" can be experienced here as a temporal value. In adition, the sculpture includes other optical elements that change. Depending on the observer's vantage point, the artwork appears to be a cube with two open sides seen in distorted perspective (the slanted surfaces merge to form one apparently uniform surface) or a lattice-like open und yet nevertheless uniform structure that constantly changes in terms of outline, proportions, mass and scale.

Although in other versions of the sculpture Judd elected not to use paint, here it is allocated a specific function. Like the component parts it has been removed from its original industrial context where it would have been used as car paint and serves instead as an expressive element, uniting all the components with one another as a whole and setting them off clearly from their surroundings.
Judd's piece is a completely autonomous, concrete spatial structure that refers only to itself and its own intrinsic laws. The work and its contents reveal themselves only to the eye of the perceiver.

German text by Rolf Lauter / Translation by Jeremy Gaines
(Extract - Full printed version available in the Museum)
MMK - Museum für Moderne Kunst, Frankfurt am Main



Allgemeines
Im Jahr 1980 hat das Museum für Moderne Kunst neben einem Konvolut von 80 Werken internationaler Künstler der 60er und 70er Jahre auch zwei Plastiken des Amerikaners Donald Judd aus der ehemaligen Sammlung des Darmstädter Industriellen Karl Ströher erworben. Judd, dessen Arbeiten aus einfachen, geometrischen bzw. stereometrischen Figuren oder Körpern gebildet sind, ist einer der Hauptvertreter der in den 60er Jahren aufkommenden Tendenz der Minimal Art. Seine Plastiken formulieren meist konkrete Raumsituationen aus ein- und ausgegrenzten Luftvolumina und wollen dem Betrachter vor allem den Unterschied zwischen der objektiven, konkreten Form und dem subjektiven Formerlebnis während des Wahrnehrnungsprozesses vor Augen führen.


Eight Modular Unit V-Channel Piece
Bei seiner Plastik Eight Modular Unit V-Channel Piece (1967) verwandte Judd - wie viele andere Minimal-Künstler auch - serielle Formelemente, die er zu einem klar und regelmäßig gegliederten, symmetrischen Komplex ordnete. Die perfekte Bearbeitung und Kolorierung der Elemente demonstrieren sein Interesse an einer möglichst objektivierbaren Materialisierung einer bildnerischen Grundidee, durch die der Betrachter die von subjektiver Erfahrung geprägte Erscheinungsvielfalt eines Objekts erleben kann. Bereits der Verzicht auf einen inhaltlichen Werktitel, der durch eine präzise Beschreibung des formalen Bestandes ersetzt wurde, weist auf eine Abgrenzung gegenüber jeglichem individuellen Ausdruck hin. Darüber hinaus lassen sich deutliche Hinweise auf die industrielle Herkunft der Werkbestandteile, ihre technische Reproduzierbarkeit und damit eine denkbare unbegrenzte Wiederholbarkeit erkennen. Judd konstruierte seine Plastik aus identischen, querrechteckigen Rahmenelementen, die durch einen umlaufenden, von außen nach innen zugespitzten, V-förmigen Kanal akzentuiert werden. Durch diesen Kanal erhalten die Elemente eine bestimmte, über ihre Gleichförmigkeit hinausweisende Differenzierung, die in einem Wechsel von beleuchteten und verschatteten Flächenpartien besteht. Dadurch weist der Künstler auf die Bedeutung der Oberflächenwirkungen des Materials und der Farben für seine Plastiken hin, die von der jeweiligen Lichtsituation und den sich ständig verändernden Betrachterpositionen abhängen. Die acht Rahmenelemente stehen in der Weise parallel nebeneinander, daß zwischen ihnen jeweils ein Abstand von einer Elementtiefe bleibt. Aus einer seriellen Gruppe modularer Einheiten setzte Judd eine raumgreifende Plastik zusammen, der ein konsequentes Ordnungssystem zugrunde liegt. Die Ordnung baut auf keiner formalen Hierarchie auf und vereint damit einen hohen Objektivitätsgrad in sich. Da die Art der Werkstruktur in sich völlig regelmäßig ist und jedes Teil durch ein beliebiges anderes ersetzt werden kann, erlaubt die Plastik keine Deutung in Richtung auf allgemeine strukturale Zusammenhänge. Eine Aussage Judds bestätigt dies: "Eine Gestalt, ein Raumkörper, eine Farbe, eine Oberfläche sind Dinge an sich. Sie sollten nicht verborgener Teil eines doch recht andersartigen Ganzen sein. Die Gestalten und Materialien sollten nicht durch ihren Kontext verfremdet werden. Ein Kasten oder vier in einer Reihe, irgendein Einzelding oder eine derartige Serie: Das ist räumliche Ordnung - gewiß aber keine 'höhere Ordnung'."

Die hintereinander gestaffelten Rahmenformen definieren innerhalb der Koordinaten eines Ausstellungsraumes ein bestimmtes plastisches Volumen und demonstrieren das beziehungsreiche Wechselspiel von plastischem und außerplastischem Raum. Der Betrachter blickt beim Umschreiten der Plastik abwechselnd auf zum Teil ineinanderfließende, zum Teil aufbrechende äußere Elementbegrenzungen und durch die Zwischenräume in die Plastik hinein, wodurch 'Raum' als zeitbezogener Ausdruckswert erfahrbar wird.

Die Arbeit schließt daneben aber noch weitere optische Veränderungsmomente mit ein. Je nachdem, von wo aus der Museumsbesucher das Werk betrachtet, erscheint ihm dieses als ein auf zwei Seiten offener, perspektivisch verzerrter Kubus - die schräggestellten Flächen fügen sich dabei zu einer einheitlich wirkenden Fläche zusammen -, oder als ein permanent in den Umrissen, Proportionen, der Masse und dem Maßstab variierendes, gitterartig geöffnetes, aber einheitliches Gefüge.
Die Farbe, auf die der Künstler bei anderen Versionen dieser Arbeit verzichtete und die wie die Elemente selbst aus dem industriellen Zusammenhang entnommen ist (es handelt sich um Autolack), übernimmt hier die Funktion eines Ausdrucksträgers, der alle Einzelteile untereinander und zu einer Gesamtheit verbindet und diese wiederum deutlich aus der Umgebung hervorhebt.
Judds Arbeit ist ein absolutes autonomes, konkretes räumliches Gebilde, das allein auf sich selbst und seine Eigengesetzlichkeiten verweist. Allein den sehenden, wahrnehmenden Augen des Betrachters öffnet sich das Werk und sein Inhalt.

Text von Rolf Lauter
(Auszug - Der vollständige Text ist als Informationsblatt beim Museum erhältlich)
MMK - Museum für Moderne Kunst, Frankfurt am Main

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Exhibition History 

Exhibition History

 
SUMMARY based on artist-info records. More details and Visualizing Art Networks on demand.
Venue types: Gallery / Museum / Non-Profit / Collector
Exhibitions in artist-info 319 (S 87/ G 232) Did show together with - Top 5 of 1924 artists
(no. of shows) - all shows - Top 100
Dan Flavin (90)- 274
Sol LeWitt (79)- 413
Carl Andre (79)- 258
Robert E. Morris (73)- 266
Richard Serra (62)- 357
Exhibitions by type
319:   178 / 80 / 53 / 8
Venues by type
186:   86 / 53 / 42 / 5
Curators 93
artist-info records Jan 1965 - Jul 2016
Countries - Top 5 of 18
United States (149)
Germany (65)
United Kingdom (15)
Netherlands (10)
Switzerland (10)
Cities - Top 5 of 74
New York (130)
Frankfurt am Main (13)
London (12)
Berlin (12)
Köln (8)
Venues (no. of shows ) Top 5 of 186
Paula Cooper Gallery (23)
Leo Castelli - W.Broadway (past address) (22)
Leo Castelli - 4E 77th (past address) (15)
Museum of Modern Art - New York - MoMA (6)
Leo Castelli - 142 Greene (past address) (6)
Curators (no. of shows) Top 5 of 5
Bernice Rose(3), Harald Szeemann(3), Jean-Christophe Ammann(3), Kasper König(2), Klaus Bußmann(2)

Offers/Requests Exhibition Announcement S / G Solo/Group Exhibitions   (..) Exhibitions + Favorites
Exhibition Title

Dorothee Fischer - In Memoriam

 - With a touch of pink / With a bit of violet / With a hint of green
Konrad Fischer G Jun 2016 - Jul 2016 Düsseldorf (21) +0
Werd, Guido de (Curator)       +0
Exhibition Title

The Sonnabend Collection

 - Half a Century of American and European Art. Part I
Fundação de Serralves G Feb 2016 - May 2016 Porto (22) +0
Homem, Antonio (Curator)       +0
Braga, Isabel Sousa (Curator)       +0
Exhibition Title

Black Sun

 - Der Einfluss von Kazimir Malevich
Fondation Beyeler G Oct 2015 - Jan 2016 Riehen (64) +0
Exhibition Title

America Is Hard to See

Whitney Museum of American Art - America Is Hard to See S May 2015 - Sep 2015 New York (1) +0
De Salvo, Donna (Curator)       +0
Foster, Carter E. (Curator)       +0
Miller, Dana (Curator)       +0
Rothkopf, Scott (Curator)       +0
Deutsche Bank Collection - Artists S Apr 2015 - Apr 2015 Frankfurt am Main (1) +0
Kukje Gallery - K2 S Oct 2014 - Dec 2014 Seoul (35) +0
Daimler Art Collection G Jul 2014 - Sep 2014 Stuttgart (1) +0
Contemporary Art Museum St. Louis G Jan 2014 - Apr 2014 St. Louis (62) +0
Ridykeulous, [Nicole Eisenman & A.L. Steiner] (Curator)       +0
Exhibition Title

Serial Attitudes

 - Wiederholung als Methode seit den 1960ern
Hamburger Kunsthalle G Nov 2013 - May 2014 Hamburg (183) +0
Kölle, Brigitte (Curator)       +0
Roettig, Petra (Curator)       +0
Radtke, Merle (Curator)       +0
Galerie Nächst St. Stephan G Sep 2013 - Oct 2013 Wien (105) +0
Exhibition Title

As if it Could, ouverture

 - Works and Documents from the Herbert Foundation
Herbert Foundation G Jun 2013 - Oct 2013 Gent (4) +0
Exhibition Title

MOVING

 - Norman Foster on Art
Carré d’art - Musée d’art Contemporain G May 2013 - Sep 2013 Nîmes (118) +0
Foster, Norman (Curator)       +0
Norton Simon Museum G Apr 2013 - Jan 2014 Pasadena (220) +0
Paula Cooper Gallery G Jan 2013 - Feb 2013 New York (382) +0
Andrea Rosen - Gallery 2 G Dec 2012 - Feb 2013 New York (83) +0
Hobbs, Robert (Curator)       +0
Kunstraum Alexander Bürkle G Oct 2012 - Feb 2013 Freiburg (28) +0
Exhibition Title

Fast Forward

 - Modern Moments 1913 >> 2013
High Museum of Art G Oct 2012 - Jan 2013 Atlanta (10) +0
Hauptman, Jodi (Curator)       +0
Friedman, Samantha (Curator)       +0
Rooks, Michael (Curator)       +0
Talbot Rice Gallery S Aug 2012 - Oct 2012 Edinburgh - Old College, South Bridge (38) +0
Exhibition Title

Der Raum der Linie

 - Amerikanische Zeichnungen und Skulpturen
Museum Wiesbaden G Jul 2012 - Oct 2012 Wiesbaden (73) +0
Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen G Jun 2012 - Sep 2012 Rotterdam (31) +1
Stocchi, Francesco (Curator)       +0
Migros Museum für Gegenwartskunst - Zürich G Feb 2012 - May 2012 Zürich (121) +0
Welter, Judith (Curator)       +0
Sprüth Magers - London S Jan 2012 - Feb 2012 London (26) +0
Pinakothek der Moderne S Jul 2011 - Sep 2011 München (44) +0
Exhibition Title

Der Raum der Linie

 - Amerikanische Zeichnungen und Skulpturen ab 1960 aus einer Privatsammlung
Pinakothek der Moderne G Jul 2011 - Sep 2011 München (44) +0
Exhibition Title

20 Jahre Gegenwart

 - MMK 1991-2011
MMK 1 - Museum für Moderne Kunst G Jun 2011 - Oct 2011 Frankfurt am Main (99) +0
Exhibition Title

20 Jahre Gegenwart

 - MMK 1991-2011
MMK 1 - Museum für Moderne Kunst G Jun 2011 - Oct 2011 Frankfurt am Main (99) +0
Punta della Dogana G Apr 2011 - Mar 2013 Venezia (3) +0
Bourgeois, Caroline (Curator)       +0
Gagosian Gallery - 980 Madison Avenue G Mar 2011 - Apr 2011 New York (165) +0
Crane, Andrea (Curator)       +0
Exhibition Title

Bild für Bild

 - Film und zeitgenössische Kunst
Museum Ostwall im Dortmunder U G Dec 2010 - Apr 2011 Dortmund (98) +0
Michaud, Philippe-Alain (Curator)       +0
Michelon, Olivier (Curator)       +0
Koch, Anna-Cathérine (Curator)       +0
IKON Gallery S Sep 2010 - Nov 2010 Birmingham (183) +0
Hunter College Leubsdorf Art Gallery G Sep 2010 - Dec 2010 New York (18) +0
Siegel, Katy (Curator)       +0
Galerie Thomas Zander G Sep 2010 - Nov 2010 Köln (90) +0
Exhibition Title

Traffic

 - Conceptual Art in Canada 1965-1980
Blackwood Gallery (UTM) G Sep 2010 - Nov 2010 Mississauga (52) +0
Kunsthal Aarhus G Aug 2010 - Oct 2010 Aarhus (31) +0
Teerlinck, Hilde (Curator)       +0
Paula Cooper Gallery G Apr 2010 - May 2010 New York (382) +0
Exhibition Title

Farven i kunsten

 - Merzbacher Kunststiftung, Werner & Gabrielle Merzbacher og Louisiana Museum of Modern Art
Louisiana Museum for moderne kunst G Feb 2010 - Jun 2010 Humlebæk (278) +0
Museum of Contemporary Art Chicago - MCA G Oct 2009 - Jan 2010 Chicago (224) +0
Andrea Rosen - Gallery 2 G Oct 2009 - Dec 2009 New York (83) +0
Andrea Rosen - Gallery 2 G Jun 2009 - Aug 2009 New York (83) +0
Leo Castelli - 18E 77th G May 2009 - Jun 2009 New York (57) +0
Kunstraum Alexander Bürkle G Mar 2009 - Jun 2009 Freiburg (28) +0
Exhibition Title

1968. Die Große Unschuld

Kunsthalle Bielefeld G Mar 2009 - Aug 2009 Bielefeld (241) +0
Kellein, Thomas (Curator)       +0
Grabner, Roman (Curator)       +0
Richthofen, Felicitas von (Curator)       +0
Exhibition Title

Maximal Minimal

Andreas Grimm München G Mar 2009 - May 2009 München (28) +0
Kunsthalle zu Kiel G Dec 2008 - Mar 2009 Kiel (72) +0
Museum of Fine Arts Houston - MFAH G Sep 2008 - Jan 2009 Houston (291) +0
Campanaro, Pamela C. (Curator)       +0
Handwerker, Margo (Curator)       +0
Quadrat - Josef Albers Museum S Jun 2008 - Sep 2008 Bottrop (63) +0
Exhibition Title

Geo/Metric

 - Prints and Drawings from the Collection
Museum of Modern Art - New York - MoMA G Jun 2008 - Aug 2008 New York (1038) +0
Walker Art Center G May 2008 - Jul 2009 Minneapolis (284) +0
Raymond, Yasmil (Curator)       +0
Paula Cooper Gallery S May 2008 - Jun 2008 New York (382) +0
Heckscher Museum of Art G Apr 2008 - Jun 2008 Huntington (26) +0
Meryman, Elizabeth (Curator)       +0
Gamwell, Lynn (Curator)       +0
Centro Galego de Arte Contemporánea - CGAC G Feb 2008 - Jun 2008 Santiago de Compostela (162) +0
Paula Cooper Gallery G Feb 2008 - Mar 2008 New York (382) +0
Leo Castelli - 18E 77th G Jan 2008 - Feb 2008 New York (57) +0
Jane Voorhees Zimmerli Art Museum G Sep 2007 - Feb 2008 New Brunswick (25) +0
Kunstmuseum Wolfsburg G Sep 2007 - Jan 2008 Wolfsburg (68) +0
Daimler Contemporary Berlin G Sep 2007 - Feb 2008 Berlin (12) +0
Wiehager, Renate (Curator)       +0
Kunstmuseum Basel G Jul 2007 - Oct 2007 Basel (58) +0
Müller, Christian (Curator)       +0
Haldemann, Anita (Curator)       +0
Exhibition Title

Lines, Grids, Stains, Words

Museum of Modern Art - New York - MoMA G Jun 2007 - Oct 2007 New York (1038) +0
Rattemeyer, Christian (Curator)       +0
David Risley Gallery (London) G May 2007 - Aug 2007 London (31) +0
Peter Freeman - NYC G Sep 2006 - Oct 2006 New York (47) +0
Gagosian Gallery - L.A. G Jul 2006 - Aug 2006 Los Angeles - Beverly Hills (152) +0
John Berggruen Gallery G May 2006 - May 2006 San Francisco (176) +0
Exhibition Title

An Ongoing Low-Grade Mystery

Paula Cooper Gallery G May 2006 - May 2006 New York (382) +0
Nickas, Robert (Curator)       +0
Galerie Art & Public S Mar 2006 - Apr 2006 Genève (74) +0
Nicole Klagsbrun G Sep 2005 - Oct 2005 New York (191) +0
Exhibition Title

Open Systems

 - Rethinking Art c.1970
Tate Modern G Jun 2005 - Sep 2005 London (146) +0
Walker Art Center G Apr 2005 - Jan 2010 Minneapolis (284) +0
Kunstmuseum Basel | Gegenwart S Oct 2004 - Jan 2005 Basel (85) +0
Bürgi, Bernhard Mendes (Curator)       +0
Galerie Bugdahn und Kaimer G Oct 2004 - Nov 2004 Düsseldorf (68) +0
Kunstmuseum Basel S Sep 2004 - Jan 2005 Basel (58) +0
Bürgi, Bernhard Mendes (Curator)       +0
Peter Freeman - NYC S Sep 2004 - Oct 2004 New York (47) +0
K20 Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen S Jun 2004 - Sep 2004 Düsseldorf (49) +0
Exhibition Title

A Minimal Future?

 - Art As Object 1958-1968
The Museum of Contemporary Art - MOCA - Los Angeles G Mar 2004 - Aug 2004 Los Angeles (51) +0
Goldstein, Ann (Curator)       +0
Tate Modern S Feb 2004 - Apr 2004 London (146) +0
Serota, Sir Nicholas (Curator)       +0
Paula Cooper Gallery S Feb 2004 - Mar 2004 New York (382) +0
Wexner Center for the Arts G Oct 2003 - Jan 2004 Columbus (26) +0
Molesworth, Helen (Curator)       +0
Museum of Contemporary Art Chicago - MCA G May 2003 - Sep 2003 Chicago (224) +0
Molon, Dominic (Curator)       +0
Peter Freeman - NYC G Apr 2003 - Jul 2003 New York (47) +0
D'Amelio Gallery G Feb 2003 - Mar 2003 New York (67) +0
The Menil Collection S Jan 2003 - Apr 2003 Houston (98) +0
Gagosian Gallery - NY 555 West 24th G Sep 2002 - Oct 2002 New York (93) +0
Galerie Artificial G Jul 2002 - Jul 2002 Nürnberg (9) +0
Sean Kelly G Jun 2002 - Jul 2002 New York (101) +0
Kunsthalle Bielefeld S May 2002 - Jul 2002 Bielefeld (241) +0
Kellein, Thomas (Curator)       +0
Gagosian Gallery - 980 Madison Avenue G May 2002 - Aug 2002 New York (165) +0
Exhibition Title

Passasjer

 - betrakteren som deltaker
Astrup Fearnley Museum of Modern Art G Jan 2002 - Apr 2002 Oslo (66) +0
Siemens arts program G Jan 2002 - Apr 2002 München (30) +0
Exhibition Title

Malerei ohne Malerei

Museum der Bildenden Künste Leipzig G Jan 2002 - Apr 2002 Leipzig (24) +0
Galerie Bugdahn und Kaimer G Dec 2001 - Jan 2002 Düsseldorf (68) +0
PACE - NY 32 E 57th G Jun 2001 - Sep 2001 New York (57) +0
Brooke Alexander G Mar 2001 - Apr 2001 New York (19) +0
Paula Cooper Gallery G Mar 2001 - May 2001 New York (382) +0
Leo Castelli - 59E 79th (past address) G Mar 2001 - May 2001 New York (21) +0
Susan Sheehan S Feb 2001 - Mar 2001 New York (19) +0
Galerie Fahnemann G Nov 2000 - Dec 2000 Berlin (51) +0
Heimer & Partner G Oct 2000 - Dec 2000 Berlin (Mitte) (7) +0
A/D S Oct 2000 - Nov 2000 New York (21) +0
PACE - NY 534 W 25th S Oct 2000 - Nov 2000 New York (30) +0
PACE - NY 32 E 57th S Oct 2000 - Nov 2000 New York (57) +0
Sonnabend G Sep 2000 - Oct 2000 New York (29) +0
Galerie Fahnemann G Jul 2000 - Aug 2000 Berlin (51) +0
Kunsthaus Bregenz S May 2000 - Jul 2000 Bregenz (106) +0
Bernard Jacobson Gallery G Mar 2000 - Apr 2000 London (71) +0
James Cohan Gallery G Mar 2000 - Apr 2000 New York (100) +0
D'Amelio Gallery G Jan 2000 - Feb 2000 New York (67) +0
artist Kunstmagazin S Jan 2000 - Mar 2000 Bremen (47) +0
Paula Cooper Gallery G Dec 1999 - Jan 2000 New York (382) +0
Albert Baronian G Dec 1999 - Jan 2000 Bruxelles (11) +0
Dia Art Foundation - Chelsea S Nov 1999 - Jun 2000 New York (57) +0
Leslie Tonkonow Artworks + Projects G Jun 1999 - Jul 1999 New York (79) +0
Annemarie Verna G Jun 1999 - Jun 1999 Zürich (40) +0
Sean Kelly G Jun 1999 - Aug 1999 New York (101) +0
Centro Galego de Arte Contemporánea - CGAC G Apr 1999 - Jul 1999 Santiago de Compostela (162) +0
Paula Cooper Gallery G Feb 1999 - Mar 1999 New York (382) +0
Neues Museum Weimar G Jan 1999 - Dec 1999 Weimar (6) +0
Maenz, Paul (Curator)       +0
The Menil Collection S Dec 1998 - Jan 1998 Houston (98) +0
Galerie Thomas Schulte G Nov 1998 - Feb 1999 Berlin (166) +0
Galerie Rolf Ricke G Sep 1998 - Oct 1998 Köln (44) +0
Schellmann Art - München S Sep 1998 - Nov 1998 München (17) +0
Vlaams Cultureel Centrum De Brakke Grond S Jun 1998 - Aug 1998 Amsterdam (26) +0
Bernier / Eliades Gallery G May 1998 - May 1998 Athens (1) +0
Donald Young Gallery - Seattle G May 1998 - May 1998 Seattle (1) +0
Greenberg Van Doren Gallery G May 1998 - May 1998 St. Louis (1) +0
Anthony Meier Fine Arts G May 1998 - May 1998 San Francisco (3) +0
Dorothy Blau Gallery, Inc. G May 1998 - May 1998 Miami (7) +0
Kunsthaus Bregenz G Apr 1998 - Jun 1998 Bregenz (106) +0
Annemarie Verna S Mar 1998 - May 1998 Zürich (40) +0
Jamileh Weber G Mar 1998 - Mar 1998 Zürich (34) +0
Waddington Galleries G Feb 1998 - Mar 1998 London (49) +0
Galerie Lelong - New York G Feb 1998 - Apr 1998 New York (52) +0
PACE - NY 32 E 57th S Feb 1998 - Mar 1998 New York (57) +0
Paula Cooper Gallery S Jan 1998 - Feb 1998 New York (382) +0
PACE PRINTS G Dec 1997 - Jan 1998 New York (20) +0
Leo Castelli - W.Broadway (past address) G Nov 1997 - Dec 1997 New York (334) +0
Margo Leavin Gallery G Nov 1997 - Nov 1997 Los Angeles - Hollywood (13) +0
Herbert Lust G Oct 1997 - Oct 1997 New York (9) +0
Lisson Gallery S Sep 1997 - Sep 1997 London (143) +0
Galerie Bugdahn und Kaimer G Jun 1997 - Aug 1997 Düsseldorf (68) +0
Brooke Alexander S Apr 1997 - Apr 1997 New York (19) +0
Exhibition Title

Querpass I

 - MMK & Städel im Dialog
Galerie Jahrhunderthalle Hoechst G Mar 1997 - Apr 1997 Frankfurt am Main - Hoechst (30) +0
Lauter, Rolf (Curator)       +0
PaceWildenstein - Los Angeles G Feb 1997 - Feb 1997 Beverly Hills (17) +0
D'Amelio Gallery G Jan 1997 - Jan 1997 New York (67) +0
Exhibition Title

Die Entdeckung des anderen

 - Ein europäischer Blick auf die amerikanische Kunst 2
MMK 1 - Museum für Moderne Kunst G Jan 1997 - May 1997 Frankfurt am Main (99) +0
Ammann, Jean-Christophe (Curator)       +0
Weinberg, Adam D. (Curator)       +0
Joseph Helman G Nov 1996 - Nov 1996 New York (29) +0
Edition Schellmann - New York G Nov 1996 - Nov 1996 New York (13) +0
Galerie Lelong - New York G Nov 1996 - Nov 1996 New York (52) +0
Estelle Malka Gallery G Nov 1996 - Nov 1996 Los Angeles - Hollywood (2) +0
Sabine Wachters Fine Arts G Oct 1996 - Oct 1996 Bruxelles (15) +0
Albert Baronian G Oct 1996 - Oct 1996 Bruxelles (11) +0
Museum Wiesbaden S Sep 1996 - Dec 1996 Wiesbaden (73) +0
Galerie Sabine Knust S Jul 1996 - Aug 1996 München (42) +0
Galerie Sophia Ungers G Feb 1996 - Apr 1996 Köln (8) +0
Galerie Rolf Ricke G Feb 1996 - Apr 1996 Köln (44) +0
Galerie Ulrich Fiedler G Feb 1996 - Apr 1996 Berlin (45) +0
Akira Ikeda - Nagoya (past address) G Nov 1995 - Nov 1995 Nagoya (214) +0
Saint Louis Art Museum G Jul 1995 - Nov 1995 St. Louis (524) +0
Paula Cooper Gallery S Feb 1995 - Feb 1995 New York (382) +0
PACE - NY 32 E 57th S Sep 1994 - Oct 1994 New York (57) +0
The Menil Collection G Jul 1994 - Jan 1994 Houston (98) +0
Leo Castelli - Broadway (past address) G Jul 1994 - Oct 1994 New York (60) +0
Artforum Magazine Inc. S Jun 1994 - Aug 1994 New York (71) +0
nbk - neue bildende kunst S Apr 1994 - May 1994 Hamburg (798) +0
Galerie Gmurzynska - Cologne (past address) S Mar 1994 - May 1994 Köln (97) +0
nbk - neue bildende kunst S Feb 1994 - Mar 1994 Hamburg (798) +0
Galerie Artificial S Sep 1993 - Dec 1993 Nürnberg (9) +0
Exhibition Title

American Art in the 20th Century

 - Painting and Sculpture 1913–1993
Royal Academy of Arts G Sep 1993 - Dec 1993 London (40) +0
Exhibition Title

Amerikanische Kunst im 20. Jahrhundert

 - Malerei und Plastik 1913-1993
Martin-Gropius-Bau G May 1993 - Jul 1993 Berlin (Kreuzberg) (100) +0
Exhibition Title

Szenenwechsel III

MMK 1 - Museum für Moderne Kunst G Jan 1993 - May 1993 Frankfurt am Main (99) +0
Ammann, Jean-Christophe (Curator)       +0
Paula Cooper Gallery G Dec 1992 - Jan 1993 New York (382) +0
Leo Castelli - Broadway (past address) G Sep 1992 - Oct 1992 New York (60) +0
S.M.A.K. Stedelijk Museum voor Actuele Kunst G Feb 1992 - May 1992 Gent (347) +0
Victoria Miro S Jun 1991 - Jun 1991 London (218) +0
Exhibition Title

Eröffnungsausstellung

MMK 1 - Museum für Moderne Kunst G Jun 1991 - Jan 1992 Frankfurt am Main (99) +0
Ammann, Jean-Christophe (Curator)       +0
Galerie Ryszard Varisella G May 1991 - Aug 1991 Frankfurt am Main (10) +0
S.M.A.K. Stedelijk Museum voor Actuele Kunst G May 1991 - Jun 1991 Gent (347) +0
Saint Louis Art Museum S Apr 1991 - Jun 1991 St. Louis (524) +0
Collezione Peggy Guggenheim - PGC G Sep 1990 - Sep 1991 Venezia (92) +0
Celant, Germano (Curator)       +0
Dennison, Lisa (Curator)       +0
Govan, Michael (Curator)       +0
Paula Cooper Gallery S May 1990 - May 1990 New York (382) +0
Exhibition Title

Concept Art, Minimal Art, Arte Povera, Land Art

 - Sammlung Marzona
Kunsthalle Bielefeld G Feb 1990 - Apr 1990 Bielefeld (241) +0
Leo Castelli - Broadway (past address) G Jan 1990 - Jan 1990 New York (60) +0
Deichtorhallen Hamburg - Halle für aktuelle Kunst G Nov 1989 - Feb 1990 Hamburg (50) +0
Szeemann, Harald (Curator)       +0
Galerie Friebe G Jul 1989 - Sep 1989 Lüdenscheid (53) +0
Exhibition Title

Bilderstreit

 - Widerspruch, Einheit und Fragment in der Kunst seit 1960
Museum Ludwig G Apr 1989 - Jun 1989 Köln (108) +0
Gohr, Siegfried (Curator)       +0
Nikkels, Walter (Curator)       +0
Gachnang, Johannes (Curator)       +0
Exhibition Title

Prospect 89

 - Eine Internationale Ausstellung Aktueller Kunst
PROSPECT G Mar 1989 - May 1989 Frankfurt am Main (5) +0
Weiermair, Peter (Curator)       +0
Paula Cooper Gallery S Nov 1988 - Nov 1988 New York (382) +0
Hamburger Bahnhof G Jun 1988 - Sep 1988 Berlin (45) +0
Szeemann, Harald (Curator)       +0
Paula Cooper Gallery G May 1988 - Jun 1988 New York (382) +0
Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris - MAM S Dec 1987 - Feb 1988 Paris (796) +0
Pagé, Suzanne (Curator)       +0
Laffon, Juliette (Curator)       +0
Merie, Annie (Curator)       +0
Exhibition Title

Implosion

 - Ett postmodernt perspektiv
Moderna Museet - Stockholm G Oct 1987 - Jan 1988 Stockholm (465) +0
Exhibition Title

Skulptur

 - Projekte in Münster 1987
Skulptur Projekte Münster G Jun 1987 - Oct 1987 Münster (4) +0
König, Kasper (Curator)       +0
Bußmann, Klaus (Curator)       +0
Paula Cooper Gallery G Jun 1987 - Jul 1987 New York (382) +0
Leo Castelli - 142 Greene (past address) G Mar 1987 - Apr 1987 New York (82) +0
Paula Cooper Gallery S Oct 1986 - Nov 1986 New York (382) +0
Leo Castelli - W.Broadway (past address) G Sep 1986 - Sep 1986 New York (334) +0
Exhibition Title

Qu'est-ce que la sculpture moderne?

Centre Pompidou - Musée National d'Art Moderne G Jul 1986 - Oct 1986 Paris (118) +0
Rowell, Margit (Curator)       +0
Massimo Audiello G Jun 1986 - Jun 1986 New York (26) +0
Nickas, Robert (Curator)       +0
Paula Cooper Gallery G Mar 1986 - Mar 1986 New York (382) +0
Exhibition Title

Transformations in Sculpture

 - Four Decades of American and European Art
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum - SRGM G Nov 1985 - Feb 1986 New York (391) +1
Exhibition Title

Contrasts of Form

 - Geometric Abstract Art 1910-1980
Museum of Modern Art - New York - MoMA G Oct 1985 - Jan 1986 New York (1038) +0
Dabrowski, Magdalena (Curator)       +0
Galerie Bärbel Grässlin G Sep 1985 - Oct 1985 Frankfurt am Main (199) +0
Institut d'Art Contemporain - IAC G Jun 1985 - Sep 1985 Villeurbanne (156) +0
Leo Castelli - W.Broadway (past address) G Mar 1985 - Apr 1985 New York (334) +0
Exhibition Title

Whitney Biennial 1985

Whitney Biennial 1985 - Whitney Museum of American Art S Mar 1985 - Jun 1985 New York (1) +0
Armstrong, Richard (Curator)       +0
Hanhardt, John G. (Curator)       +0
Haskell, Barbara (Curator)       +0
Marshall, Richard D. (Curator)       +0
Phililps, Lisa (Curator)       +0
Sims, Patterson (Curator)       +0
Leo Castelli - W.Broadway (past address) S Nov 1984 - Dec 1984 New York (334) +0
Leo Castelli - 142 Greene (past address) S Nov 1984 - Dec 1984 New York (82) +0
Leo Castelli - W.Broadway (past address) G Jun 1984 - Sep 1984 New York (334) +0
Leo Castelli - 142 Greene (past address) G Jun 1984 - Jul 1984 New York (82) +0
Paula Cooper Gallery G May 1984 - Jun 1984 New York (382) +0
Exhibition Title

Die Sprache der Geometrie

 - Suprematismus, De Stijl und Umkreis - heute
Kunstmuseum Bern G Mar 1984 - May 1984 Bern (83) +0
Galerie Max Hetzler (past address) G May 1983 - Jun 1983 Stuttgart (39) +0
Leo Castelli - W.Broadway (past address) S Apr 1983 - Jun 1983 New York (334) +0
Exhibition Title

Werke aus der Sammlung Crex

Kunsthalle Basel G Jul 1982 - Sep 1982 Basel (231) +0
Exhibition Title

documenta VII

documenta VII S Jun 1982 - Sep 1982 Kassel (1) +0
Fuchs, Rudi (Curator)       +0
Leo Castelli - W.Broadway (past address) G Feb 1982 - Mar 1982 New York (334) +0
Leo Castelli - 142 Greene (past address) S Sep 1981 - Oct 1981 New York (82) +0
Orange County Museum of Art - OCMA S Sep 1981 - Nov 1981 Newport Beach (123) +0
Paula Cooper Gallery G Jun 1981 - Jun 1981 New York (382) +0
Leo Castelli - 142 Greene (past address) G Sep 1980 - Oct 1980 New York (82) +0
Exhibition Title

Pier + Ocean

Kröller-Müller Museum G Jul 1980 - Sep 1980 Otterlo (12) +0
Exhibition Title

Pier + Ocean

Hayward Gallery G May 1980 - Jun 1980 London (43) +0
Graevenitz, Gerhard von (Curator)       +0
Dilworth, Norman (Curator)       +0
Leo Castelli - 142 Greene (past address) G Feb 1980 - Mar 1980 New York (82) +0
Kunsthalle Bern G Aug 1979 - Sep 1979 Bern (431) +0
Leo Castelli - W.Broadway (past address) G Jun 1979 - Sep 1979 New York (334) +0
Exhibition Title

Donald Judd

 - Sculpture
Stedelijk Van Abbemuseum S Jun 1979 - Jul 1979 Eindhoven (94) +0
Leo Castelli - W.Broadway (past address) S Feb 1979 - Feb 1979 New York (334) +0
Exhibition Title

Donald Judd

Galerie Hetzler + Keller (past address) S Aug 1978 - Aug 1978 Stuttgart (39) +0
Leo Castelli - W.Broadway (past address) G Jul 1978 - Sep 1978 New York (334) +0
Exhibition Title

Donald Judd

 - works
Vancouver Art Gallery S May 1978 - Jun 1978 Vancouver, B.C. (64) +0
Leo Castelli - W.Broadway (past address) S Mar 1978 - Mar 1978 New York (334) +0
Exhibition Title

Donald Judd

 - Drawings 1956-1976
Kröller-Müller Museum S Mar 1978 - May 1978 Otterlo (12) +0
Exhibition Title

Donald Judd

 - Drawings 1956–1976
Modern Art Oxford S Nov 1977 - Dec 1977 Oxford (118) +0
Exhibition Title

Skulptur

 - Projekte in Münster 1977
Skulptur Projekte Münster G Jul 1977 - Nov 1977 Münster (4) +0
König, Kasper (Curator)       +0
Bußmann, Klaus (Curator)       +0
Exhibition Title

documenta VI

documenta VI S Jun 1977 - Oct 1977 Kassel (1) +0
Schneckenburger, Manfred (Curator)       +0
Leo Castelli - W.Broadway (past address) G May 1977 - Sep 1977 New York (334) +0
Exhibition Title

Donald Judd

 - Skulpturen und Zeichnungen
Quadrat - Josef Albers Museum S May 1977 - Jun 1977 Bottrop (63) +0
Koepplin, Dieter (Curator)       +0
Leo Castelli - W.Broadway (past address) G Mar 1977 - Mar 1977 New York (334) +0
Albertina G Feb 1977 - Mar 1977 Wien (10) +0
Rose, Bernice (Curator)       +0
Exhibition Title

Donald Judd

 - The Sculpture
Watari Museum of Contemporary Art S Feb 1977 - Mar 1977 Tokyo (25) +0
Exhibition Title

Boîtes

Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris - MAM G Dec 1976 - Jan 1977 Paris (796) +0
Pagé, Suzanne (Curator)       +0
Chatel, Françoise (Curator)       +0
Staatliche Kunsthalle Baden-Baden G Nov 1976 - Jan 1977 Baden-Baden (95) +0
Billeter, Erika (Curator)       +0
Exhibition Title

Zeichnungen heute - Drawing now

Kunsthaus Zürich G Oct 1976 - Nov 1976 Zürich (585) +0
Leo Castelli - W.Broadway (past address) G Jun 1976 - Sep 1976 New York (334) +0
Leo Castelli - W.Broadway (past address) S Mar 1976 - Apr 1976 New York (334) +0
Exhibition Title

Kunst des 20. Jahrhunderts aus dem Van Abbemuseum Eindhoven

Kestner-Gesellschaft G Mar 1976 - Apr 1976 Hannover (521) +0
Exhibition Title

Drawing Now

 - 1955-1975
Museum of Modern Art - New York - MoMA G Jan 1976 - Mar 1976 New York (1038) +0
Rose, Bernice (Curator)       +0
Leo Castelli - 4E 77th (past address) G Nov 1975 - Dec 1975 New York (200) +0
Galerie Daniel Templon S Jun 1975 - Jul 1975 Paris (186) +0
Leo Castelli - W.Broadway (past address) G Jun 1975 - Sep 1975 New York (334) +0
Exhibition Title

Donald Judd

National Gallery of Canada S May 1975 - Jul 1975 Ottawa (24) +0
Kunsthalle Bern S Apr 1975 - May 1975 Bern (431) +0
Exhibition Title

Collectors of the Seventies, Part I

 - Dorothy and Herbert Vogel
MoMA PS1 G Apr 1975 - May 1975 Long Island City (289) +0
Paula Cooper Gallery G Jan 1975 - Jan 1975 New York (382) +0
Leo Castelli - W.Broadway (past address) G Sep 1974 - Oct 1974 New York (334) +0
Leo Castelli - 4E 77th (past address) G Jun 1974 - Sep 1974 New York (200) +0
Exhibition Title

Multiples

 - Ein Versuch, die Entwicklung des Auflagenobjekts darzustellen
Neuer Berliner Kunstverein - NBK G May 1974 - Jun 1974 Berlin (335) +0
Block, René (Curator)       +0
Leo Castelli - W.Broadway (past address) G Feb 1974 - Mar 1974 New York (334) +0
Exhibition Title

Donald Judd

Lisson Gallery S Jan 1974 - Feb 1974 London (143) +0
Paula Cooper Gallery G Dec 1973 - Jan 1974 New York (382) +0
Exhibition Title

15 artists américains

Galerie Denise René G Dec 1973 - Jan 1974 Paris (292) +0
Leo Castelli - 4E 77th (past address) G Sep 1973 - Oct 1973 New York (200) +0