Artist | Francis Bacon (1909 - 1992)

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    • Francis Bacon




born 1909

About the work (english / deutsch)

About the work (english / deutsch)

Francis Bacon (1909-1991) formulated an artistic idiom clearly aimed at the human existential situation. After an early phase when he was influenced by the Surrealists, in the mid-Forties Bacon developed a structural framework for his painting based on insertion of the human figure into a indeterminate spatial system. The objects and figures in his picture are determined by dynamic brushstrokes, but are always outlined with clear contours. To this extent, Bacon is not interested in painting over motifs and achieving a certain painterly expression in the picture, but rathbr in the artistic concentration of a person's feelings, emotions, fears or moods in the bodily expression of the particular figure. Bacon's expressive mode of painting does not float into a painting but into a figure. Through his painting he fills this figure with moments of a 'floating reality' (Francis Bacon).
Nude, which Bacon painted in 1960, is one of the few pictures of a female figure in his entire oeuvre. We see a female figure tumed towards us, she is naked and seated on a large brown chair, her arms behind her head. Although at first glance Bacon's figure is comparable with de Kooning's female nude, a more careful examination reveals that the woman also painted in luminous pink, with her provocative position, her erotic opulent, soft rounded body and her pointedly emphasized breast immediately engages the viewer in an emotional dialogue that is hard to escape, Her entire body exudes a strong sensuality, to which the remaining painting is subordinate. The blurred, indeed distorted, physiognomy, with aggressively open mouth and bared teeth, inevitably triggers feelings of fear and transforms the erotic female aura into a direct and existential threat to the male gender.

Francis Bacon formuliert mit seinen Arbeiten eine deutlich auf die existentielle Situation des Menschen Bezug nehmende bildnerische Sprache. Die Gegenstände und Figuren, die seit Mitte der vierziger Jahre zunehmend in ein nicht näher bestimmtes Raumsystem eingebunden sind, werden von einer dynamischen Pinselführung bestimmt, dabei jedoch stets mit klaren Konturen zusammengefaßt. Insofern geht es Bacon nicht um das 'Vermalen' von Motiven und darum einen bestimmten malerischen Ausdruck im Bild zu erreichen, sondern vielmehr um die bildnerische Konzentration von Gefühlen, Emotionen, Ängsten oder Stimmungen eines Menschen im Körperausdruck einer Gestaltung. Bacons expressive Malweise fließt somit nicht in ein Bild, sondern in eine Figur ein. Diese erfüllt er durch seine Malerei mit Momenten der "fließenden Wirklichkeit" (Francis Bacon).
Das Bild Nude, von 1960, das eine der wenigen Frauenfiguren in seinem Werk darstellt, zeigt eine dem Betrachter zugewandte, nackte und auf einem großen braunen Sessel sitzende Frauenfigur, die ihre Arme hinter dem Kopf verschränkt hat. Ist Bacons Figur auf den ersten Blick mit de Koonings Frauenakt vergleichbar, so fällt bei genauerer Betrachtung auf, daß der ebenfalls in leuchtendem Rosa gemalte Frauenkörper durch seine provozierende Pose, seinen erotisch-fülligen, weich gerundeten Körper und seine pointiert hervorgehobene Brust zum Betrachter einen emotionalen Dialog aufbaut, dem er sich kaum entziehen kann. Die stark vermischte und verzerrte Physiognomie des Gesichtes mit dem aggressiv geöffneten Mund und den gebleckten Zähnen weckt im männlichen Betrachter zwangsläufig Gefühle der Angst und des Abscheus; die sinnliche Ausstrahlung des weiblichen Körpers wird zur unmittelbaren und existentiellen Bedrohung.

German text by Rolf Lauter / Translation by Jeremy Gaines
(Extract - Full printed version available in the Museum)
MMK - Museum für Moderne Kunst, Frankfurt am Main

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Exhibition History 

Exhibition History

SUMMARY based on artist-info records. More details and Visualizing Art Networks on demand.
Venue types: Gallery / Museum / Non-Profit / Collector
Exhibitions in artist-info 208 (S 57/ G 151) Did show together with - Top 5 of 2353 artists
(no. of shows) - all shows - Top 100
Alberto Giacometti (53)- 434
Pablo Picasso [Pablo Ruiz y Picasso, Paul Picasso] (51)- 1212
Jean Dubuffet (41)- 378
Joan Miró (39)- 660
Max Ernst [Max Ernest] (35)- 557
Exhibitions by type
208:   65 / 77 / 65 / 1
Venues by type
147:   47 / 47 / 52 / 1
Curators 79
artist-info records Nov 1949 - May 2020
Countries - Top 5 of 18
Germany (63)
United States (45)
United Kingdom (35)
France (13)
Italy (12)
Cities - Top 5 of 64
London (31)
New York (29)
Berlin (12)
München (10)
Paris (8)
Venues (no. of shows ) Top 5 of 147
Museum of Modern Art - MoMA (1/7) (7)
Hanover Gallery (6)
Tate Britain (5)
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum - SRGM (4)
Kunstverein in Hamburg (4)
Curators (no. of shows) Top 5 of 79
Lawrence Alloway(3), Andrew Carnduff Ritchie(2), Ulrich Wilmes(2), Karole B. P. Vail(2), Chris Stevens(2)
Offers/Requests Exhibition Announcement S / G Solo/Group Exhibitions   (..) Exhibitions + Favorites
PermalinkExhibition TitleExhibition Title

Francis Bacon

Museum of Fine Arts Houston - MFAH S Feb 2020 - May 2020 Houston (298) +0
PermalinkExhibition TitleExhibition Title

Brave New Visions

 - The émigrés who transformed the British art world
S|2 Gallery - Sotheby's G Jul 2019 - Aug 2019 London (7) +0
Ford, Sue Grayson (Curator)       +0
Summers, Cherith (Curator)       +0
PermalinkExhibition TitleExhibition Title

Francis Bacon

 - Invisible Rooms
Staatsgalerie Stuttgart S Oct 2016 - Jan 2017 Stuttgart (67) +0
PermalinkExhibition TitleExhibition Title


 - Kunst zwischen Pazifik und Atlantik, 1945-–1965
Haus der Kunst G Oct 2016 - Mar 2017 München (188) +0
Wilmes, Ulrich (Curator)       +0
Lorz, Julienne (Curator)       +0
Brantl, Sabine (Curator)       +0
Schneider, Anna (Curator)       +0
Milnes, Daniel (Curator)       +0
PermalinkExhibition TitleExhibition Title

London Calling

 - Bacon - Freud - Kossoff - Andrews - Auerbach - Kitaj
J. Paul Getty Museum G Jul 2016 - Nov 2016 Brentwood / Westwood (35) +0
PermalinkExhibition TitleExhibition Title

100 Köpfe

 - Skulpturen, Gemälde und Papierarbeiten
DIE GALERIE - Frankfurt a.M. G Jun 2016 - Sep 2016 Frankfurt am Main (86) +0
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