Artist | Niki de [Niki Matthews] Saint-Phalle (1930 - 2002)

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    • Niki de [Niki Matthews] Saint-Phalle

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Biography

Biography

1930
Born Catherine Marie-Agnes Fal de Saint Phalle at Neuilly-sur-Seine, second of five children of Jeanne Jacqueline, nee Harper and Andre Marie de Saint Phalle, a banker

1930-33
Her father looses all his money in the stock market crash of 1929. She and elder brother are separated from parents; they are sent to live with paternal grandparents in the Nievre area of France for the next three years.

1933
Family reunited in Greenwich, Connecticut. Summers are spent in France with American maternal grandfather Donald Harper at his chateau "Filerval" with gardens designed by Le Notre. Experience of two ways of life influence her thinking.

1937-47
Family moves to New York city. Marie-Agnes, now called Niki, starts school at the Convent of the Sacred Heart. Her first visual influences are comic books, and visits to the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Throughout her youth she continually questions authority and is sent to a succession of schools. At the Brearly School, she becomes interested in the work of Edgar Allan Poe, Shakespeare, and the Greek tragedies. Discovers Russian authors; passionately reads all the Dostoevsky. She acts in school plays and begins to write her own poetry and plays. She is dismissed from Brearly for painting the fig leaves red on the school's statuary. Graduates from a private all girl school, Old Field School, Maryland.

1948-mid 50's
Works as fashion model for Vogue, Life, Harper's Bazaar, Elle, and other French and American magazines.

1949-51
At eighteen elopes with Harry Mathews. Moves to Cambridge, Massachusetts. Begins to paint experimenting with different media and style while husband studies music at Harvard University. First child Laura is born April 1951.

1952
Moves to Paris and studies theatre and acting. Husband Harry Mathews continues his studies in music, only later to become a writer, and a founder of the literary magazine Locus Solus. They share the upbringing of their daughter, and travel through France, Italy and Spain visiting museums and cathedrals. She is impressed by the concept of a cathedral as a 'collective ideal' realized through the efforts of many; this later becomes an important aspect in her own work.

1953
Hospitalized in Nice with nervous breakdown and paints while recuperating from this crisis. She re-evaluates the direction of her life and begins to seriously consider communicating through her art.

1954-55
In Paris, she is introduced to American painter Hugh Weiss who becomes a friend and mentor, encouraging her to remain painting in her self-taught style. Moves to Deya, Majorca, Spain where son Philip was born in may 1955. Reads Proust, visits Madrid and Barcelona where she discovers Antonio Gaudi and is deeply affected by this experience which opens many possibilities of the use of diverse material and object-trouves as structural elements in sculpture and architecture. In particular, Gaudi's "Parc Guell" is a special revelation that makes her determined to one day create her own garden of joy combining mart and nature.
Returns to Paris. Meets sculptor Jean Tinguely and his wife Eva Aeppli for the first time. Both are supportive of her ideas. Asks Tinguely to weld an armature for her first sculpture.
Frequently visits the collections of the Louvre. Interested in the work of Paul Klee, Henri Matisse, Henri Rousseau, and Pablo Picasso. Inspired by the postman, Joseph Ferdinand Cheval's architecture "Le Palais Ideal", in Hauterives, France.

1956-58
Lives in Lans-en-Vercors in the French Alps with family. First solo exhibition of paintings in St. Gall, Switzerland in 1956. Paints and explores various collage elements. Meets a number of contemporary writers including John Ashbery and Kenneth Koch through Harry Mathews.

1959-60
Introduced to contemporary art in exhibition at the Musee d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris that includes works by Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Raubert Raushenberg and Jasper Johns.
Seperates from husband. Children live with their father. Sets up studio and concentrates solely on work. Assemblages take on an angry aspect-a new series 'target' paintings actually have darts thrown at them.
End of 1960 moves to 11 Impasse Rosin, Paris and lives and shares a studio with Jean Tinguely; they will collaborate and assist each other on projects throughout their long association. Constantin Brancusi is a neighbor at Impasse Rosin. Through Tinguely, meets Pontus Hulten then director of the Moderna Museet, Stockholm. Hulten includes her in major exhibitions organized at the time. Through his foresight, the Moderna Museet will acquire pivotal pieces from throughout her career to form the most comprehensive collection of her work.
Because of her bicultural background and the direction in her own art, she becomes a kind of ambassador between the avant-gardes in France and the United States.

1961
Expands on the 'target' paintings with a series of 'shooting' paintings or tirs. It is through acts of destruction that these works are created-the assemblages are shot with a pistol, rifle or cannon by herself or others, producing spontaneous effects and the dispersion of colors. As they evolve, the tirs become larger, more elaborate in concept and include elements of spectacle and performance.
Pierre Restany, founder of the Nouveau Realistes, attends first public tir, and invites her to become a member. Becomes involved in the ideas, festivals and activities of this group which includes Arman, Cesar, Christo, Gerard Deschamps, Francois Dufrene, Raymond Hains, Yves Klein, Martial Raysse, Mimmo Rotella, Daniel Spoerri, Jean Tinguely, Jacques Villegle.
First solo exhibition in Paris at Galerie J with assemblages, tirs, and a public shooting area. Exhibits in group shows in Europe and the United States. Becomes friends with American artists staying in Paris including Robert Raushenberg, Jasper Johns, Larry Rivers and his wife Clarice, and will participate in various projects with them over the years.
She and Tinguely are introduced to Salvator Dali by Marcel Duchamp. Travels to Spain with Tinguely for celebration honoring Dali, and they make a life-size exploding bull with plaster, paper and fireworks for the arena at Figueras.

1963-64
Major tir "King Kong" created in LA., sponsored by Dawn Gallery; later acquired by Moderna Museet, Stockholm. Her love of horror movies provides source of inspiration for this and other works. Reviews.
She and Tinguely find an old country inn outside of Paris to live and work, l'Auberge du Cheval Blanc, Soisy sur Ecole, France. Begins work on figurative reliefs -confrontational depictions of women, some giving birth or vivisectioned. Creates other figurative assemblages including freestanding dragons, monsters and brides presented in first solo show at Hanover Gallery, London. Travels to new York with Jean Tinguely and stays at the Chelsea Hotel, taking part in New York art activities.

1965-66
Inspired by the pregnancy of her friend Clarisse Rivers, she begins considering archetypal female figures in relation to her thinking on the position of women in society. Her updated version of 'everywoman' are named 'Nanas'. The first of these freely posed forms, made of papier-mache, yarn and cloth are exhibited at the Alexander Iolas Gallery, Paris, September 65. For this show Iolas publishes her first artist book that includes her handwritten words in combination with her drawings of 'Nanas'. Encouraged by Iolas, she starts a highly productive output of graphic work that accompanies exhibitions -invitations, posters, books and writings.
In 1966 collaborates with Tinguely and Per Olof Ultlvedt on a large scale sculpture installation, "hon-en katedral". for Moderna Museet, Stockholm. The outer form of "hon" is a giant, reclining 'Nana', whose internal environment is entered from between her legs. The immense public reaction to the work is written about in magazines and newspapers throughout the world. The interactive quality of the "hon" combined with a continued fascination with fantastic types of architecture insensifies her resolve to see her own architectural dreams realized. Meets Swiss artist Rico Weber, during construction of the "hon". Over the next ten years, Weber will be an important assistant /collaborator for both she and Jean Tinguely. Designs decors and costumes for two theatrical productions - a ballet by Roland Petit, and an adaptation of Aristophanes' play "Lysistrata".

1967-68
Together with Tinguely receives commission from the French Government to make a sculpture for "Expo '67" in Monreal, Canada. Their collaboration, "Le Paradis Fantastique", a combination of their distinct styles, is installed on the roof of the French Pavilion. After "Expo'67", attempts fail to find a permanent home for the sculpture in either France or the United States. Through the efforts of Pontus Hulten, the piece is saved from destruction, and acquired by moderna Museet where it is installed. Working on the "Paradis Fantastique", she is exposed to toxic fumes produced by polyester. This and other materials used in her work cause severe damage to her lungs, that result in recurrent health problems.
First retrospective, "Les Nanas au Pouvoir", is organized at the Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam. Creates a number of new pieces for the show that emphasize a direction toward architectural and functional design -"Nana Dream House" and "Nana Fountain", and the placement of elements to form a sculptural tableau. "The Bride's Dream".
Writes story that she adapts with Rainer Von Diez into a play, ICH. Designs decors, costumes, and poster for the production that is presented at the Staatstheater, Kassel, Germany, June 1968. Designs 'Nana' inflatables, a multiple in plastic, that are produced and distributed in the United States. Publishes series of semi-autobiographical serigraphs that are executed in a pictographic style combining images, letters and writing into a complete narrative. Exhibits extensively in the United States.

1969-70
First permanent architectural project is private commission for a summer residence in the South of France. The project consists of three buildings, each uniquely shaped, detailed and painted, completed in 1971. Continues involvement in 'fantastic' architectural projects requiring her total commitment in all stages of planning and execution. Sculpture "Black Venus" acquired by the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, and exhibited in museum's show, "Contemporary American Sculpture, Selection II", April 69. Travels to India and Egypt -these cultural experiences broaden the context of visual associations used in her work. Tinguely begins work on his major sculptural project, "LA Tete" or "Le Cyclop", Milly-la Foret, France. Declared a monument of France, this work in progress for over twenty years is a collaboration of many artists.
Participates in the "10th anniversary of the Nouveau Realistes Festival" in Milan November 70. She shoots an outdoor tir as part of the 'action spectacles'.

1971-73
Marries Jean Tinguely, July 13, 1971. They travel together to Morocco. Granddaughter, Bloum, born to Laura and Laurent Condominas in Bali 71. Receives a public commission to create a an architecture for children in Jerusalem, "Golem", a giant monster head with tongue slides which is completed in 72. The following year receives a private commission to build an architecture for children, "Dragon", in Belgium.
In 1972 begins productive association with art fabricator, Haligon, France, for her large scale sculptures and work in editions. Makes first jewelry design for GEM Montebello Laboratory, Milan.
Exhibits new sculptural tableaux "Devouring Mothers" and the following year "Les Funerailles du Pere". These works are based on ideas of a child's perspective of estragement from the world of adults.
Acts in film "Daddy" that she wrote, produced and directed with Peter Whitehead. The film is a surreal, psychological exploration of a relationship between a father and a tri-part character of the daughter as child , adolescent and adult. Official premiere September 73 as part of the Film Society of Lincoln Center's "IIth New York Filmm Festival". Designs the film's festival's program cover with reference to three noted women directors.

1974
Builds three large scale' Nanas' for permanent site near town hall in Hannover, Germany. The city names them Sophie, Charlotte and Caroline in honor of three historically distinguished women from Hannover.
Exhibits maquettes of realized and unrealized architectural projects, creates artist book and invitation to accompany the show. Hospitalized with a serious lung ailment. Lives in the Swiss mountains to regain her health. Reads Gaston Bachelar, Rainer Maria Rilke and Konstandinos Kavafy. There she meets a friend she had known in New York in the 1950's, Marella Caracciolo Agnelli, to whom she confides her ultimate dream-to someday build a sculpture garden based on her interpretations of symbols from the Tarot. Her friend's brothers, Carlo and Nicola Caracciolo, offer a parcel of their land in Tuscany, Italy as a site for her dream. The massive undertaking of the garden will consume her thoughts and energies for nearly twenty years.

1975-77
Writes, directs, produces and acts in the film "Un Reve Plus Long que la Nuit". The production includes the talents and participation of her daughter Laura Condominas, Jean Tinguely, Daniel Spoeri, Lunguinbul, Eva Aeppli, Marina Karella, Andree Putman, and others. In 1975, her eighteen element sculptural tableau "Last Night I Had a Dream" is installed on the exterior of the Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels, for an arts festival.
Returns to Switzerland for a period of time. Develops ideas for the imagery that will carry the special mystic meanings, energies, and associations of the tarot to the site of her planned contemplative, sculpture garden.
Beginning of a close and long friendship with assistant/collaborator Ricardo Menon, who will be with her for many years.

1978-79
Land is cleared and foundations dug at site in Tuscany formally named "Giardino dei Tarocchi". Makes first models related to the Tarot figures that will be represented in the Garden.
Becomes interested in the idea of linear sculpture-drawings in space and makes the "Skinnys". This series of totem-like pieces often have colored lights and elements suspended by string. Begins to design furniture and other functional objects with serpents and figurative forms.
Lives for a while in Malibu, California and conceives a series of maquettes based on new ideas for architectural fantasies. These works are first exhibited at Gimpel & Weitzenhffer, New York, and then travels in the United States.
Has first solo show in Japan at Gallery Watari, Tokyo.

1980-81
The symbols of the Tarot serve as guide in the creation of the Garden. Construction begins on the first architectural sculpture "La Papesse", representing female creativity and strength. Spends the major part of the next ten years on site receiving assistance from many friends and supporters. Jean Tinguely together with Rico Weber and Seppi Imhof beguin welding the iron understructures for the first group of enlarged Tarot Figures; this work involving special engineering skills for each piece, is taken over and completed by Dutch artist, Doc Wilsen. Local residents are hired and over the years, their efforts will be important to the project's success.
The Ulm Museum organizes the first retrospective devoted to her graphic work. Permanently installs the sculpture "Poet et sa Muse" at University of Ulm. Honored with a major retrospective at Musee National d'art moderne, Centre George Pompidou, Paris, that travels to Austria, Germany and Sweden.
First show is organized at experimental space, SPACE NIKI, Tokyo. Established by Yoko Masuda, SPACE NIKI is an impressive collection of work in all media, films and related material that further understanding of the artist and her work.

1982-83
Creates fragrance that bears her name for the Jaqueline Cochran Company, New York. Designs distinctive blue and gold bottles and packaging with logo of entwined serpents. Makes a promotional tour across the United States for the perfume. The money from the perfume goes to finance the Garden. Collaborates with Tinguely to create a foundation for the City of Paris on a site beside the Centre George Pompidou. They combine their sculptural elements in a fluid, moving setting, producing a joyous spontaneity-an apt homage to Igor Stravinsky for whom the fountain is named.
Creates permanent sculpture "Sun God" for the University of California at San Diego as part of the Stuart Collection. Designs print for a project to support an alternative art space, the Temporary Contemporary, Los Angeles. The work, in the form of a pictographic letter, expresses her early awareness and concern for those afflicted by AIDS. Continues to be involved in efforts to reverse the effects of ignorance and bias which allow this fatal virus to spread.
Suffers first of recurring, debilitating attacks of rheumatoid arthritis. Exhibits the "Skinnys" at Gimpel & Weitzenhoffer, New York and at Gimpel Fils, London. Moves into the "Empress", the Sphinx structure at the Tarot Garden. This will be her home and studio for the next seven years during a period of intense work of completing the Garden. Meets Verena Finocchiaro, a ceramist teacher from Rome.

1984-87
During these years, most of her time is spent on site of the Garden, where many of the major works are nearing completion. Works based on her Tarot figures, accompanied by an artist book, are exhibited at Gimpel Fils, London and at Gimpel& Weitzenhoffer, New York.
The Victoria Albert Museum, London, acquires one of her perfume bottles capped with entwined serpents. Produces a series of flower vases in the shape of various animals. Meets Marcelo Zitelli who becomes an important assistant/collaborator.
In collaboration with Dr. Silvio Barandun, writes and illustrates the book "AIDS: You Can't Catch it Holding Hands". This informative text, presented in a positive and compassionate format, is published in seven languages. Receives commission from Mrs. Helen Schneider to create a fountain, "Snake Tree", for the Schneider Children's Hospital, Long Island, New York. Has major retrospectives at the Kunsthalle der Hypo-Kulturtiftung, Munich, and Nassau County museum of Fine Art, Long Island, New York.

1989-90
With Tinguely creates "Fontaine Chateau Chinon", commissioned by the French President, Francois Mitterand. Alexandre Iolas her longtime friend, dies. Begins to be represented in Paris by JGM Gallery and Gallery de France. These galleries organize a number of exhibits that focus on different periods in her career.
Begins use of bronze in new series of sculpture derived from ancient Egyptian deities. Continues to develop images that have long interested and impressed her, including' Nana' fountains, Tarot figures, phallic-like obelisks, skulls, 'Skinny' lamps, and a series of pictorial reliefs made in response to the killing of endangered species. The experience of the Tarot Garden carries over in her use of materials, particularly brilliantly colored or mirrored mosaics. Ricardo Menon her assistant/collaborator with whom she shared a unique rapport, dies. Collaborates with son Philip Mathews on an animated film based on her AIDS book. This film, drawings for the film, and a revised edition of the AIDS book, published by Agence Francaise de lutte contre le sida, are exhibited at the Musee des ARTS Decoratifs, Paris, opening on international AIDS Awarness Day in November 1991. Designs a giant kite "L'Oiseau Amoureux" for a worldwide exhibition of artists' kite organized by Goethe Institute, Japan.

1991
Makes maturate for "Le Temple Ideal", a place for worship for all religions. This architecture was originally conceived in the early 1970's as a hopeful alternative to the religious intolerance she observed while working in Jerusalem. Receives commission from the city of Nimes, France, to build this architectural sculpture. Because of politics, this project is never realized. Jean Tinguely dies in Switzerland in August. In his honor, she makes her first kinetic sculptures "Meta-Tinguelys".

1992-93
The Kunst und Ausstellunghalle, Bonn organizes large restropective. Exhibits in McLellan Galleries in Glasgow, the Musee d'art Moderne de la Ville de Paris and the Musee D'Art et d'Histoire, Fribourg. Installs fountain "Oiseau Amoureux" in Duisburg, Germany; and she creates a sculpture for Olympic Museum "Les Footballeurs".

1994-95
Moves to California, where she now lives and work. Realizes a series of silkscreen, "California Diary" for Kornfeld editions. Receives the Caran d'Ache. Shows in the James Goodman & Maxwell Davidson Galleries, New York. Peter Schamoni realizes a long feature film about Niki entitled "Who is the Monster, You or Me". Exhibit at the Kornfeld Gallery in Bern, Switzerland.

1996-1998
The Garden's first opening to the public during the month during the months of July. Works on autobiography. Architect Mario Botta builds a gate/entrance to the Garden. Works in collaboration with Mario Botta on a project to build a sculpture park for children representing the arrival of Noah and the Arch to the promised land. Official opening of the Tarot Garden to the Public, May 15, 1998.

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Exhibition History 

Exhibition History

 
SUMMARY based on artist-info records. More details and Visualizing Art Networks on demand.
Venue types: Gallery / Museum / Non-Profit / Collector
Exhibitions in artist-info 147 (S 44/ G 103) Did show together with - Top 5 of 1780 artists
(no. of shows) - all shows - Top 100
Jean Tinguely (46)- 251
Yves Klein (30)- 276
Arman [Armand Pierre Fernandez] (29)- 214
Martial Raysse (26)- 78
César [César Baldaccini] (25)- 107
Exhibitions by type
147:   65 / 54 / 25 / 3
Venues by type
104:   49 / 32 / 21 / 2
Curators 61
artist-info records Mar 1961 - Mar 2017
Countries - Top 5 of 12
Germany (43)
United States (21)
Switzerland (19)
France (14)
Sweden (9)
Cities - Top 5 of 62
Paris (12)
Hannover (9)
New York (9)
Stockholm (8)
Amsterdam (6)
Venues (no. of shows ) Top 5 of 104
Moderna Museet - Stockholm (8)
Galerie Wild - Frankfurt a.M. (5)
Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris - MAM (5)
Sprengel Museum Hannover (5)
Galerie Bonnier (4)
Curators (no. of shows) Top 5 of 5
Pontus Hultén(4), José Pierre(3), Gérald Gassiot-Talabot(2), Sylvain Lecombre(2), Pierre Restany(2)

Offers/Requests Exhibition Announcement S / G Solo/Group Exhibitions   (..) Exhibitions + Favorites
Exhibition Title

Niki de Saint Phalle und das Theater

 - At Last I Found the Treasure
Opelvillen Rüsselsheim S Dec 2016 - Mar 2017 Rüsselsheim (43) +0
Kemfert, Beate (Curator)       +0
Fondazione Nicola Trussardi G Aug 2015 - Nov 2015 Milano (21) +0
Exhibition Title

International Pop

Walker Art Center G Apr 2015 - Sep 2015 Minneapolis (285) +0
Exhibition Title

FERTILITY

33 Orchard G Mar 2015 - Apr 2015 New York (7) +0
Kim, Jane (Curator)       +0
Stiftung Ahlers Pro Arte S Feb 2014 - Apr 2014 Hannover (23) +0
Exhibition Title

ROT

 - Von farblichen Akzenten zur Monochromie
Galerie Koch G Feb 2014 - Mar 2014 Hannover (76) +0
Kunstmuseum Luzern G Dec 2013 - Feb 2014 Luzern (505) +0
Galerie Georges-Philippe & Nathalie Vallois S Nov 2013 - Dec 2013 Paris (11) +0
Clifton Benevento G Jun 2013 - Aug 2013 New York (24) +0
Exhibition Title

POP KONST DESIGN

Moderna Museet - Stockholm G Jun 2013 - Sep 2013 Stockholm (466) +0
Moderna Museet - Stockholm S Apr 2013 - Dec 2013 Stockholm (466) +0
Ljungberg, Joa (Curator)       +0
Museum voor Moderne Kunst Arnhem G Mar 2013 - May 2013 Arnhem (12) +0
Galerie Georges-Philippe & Nathalie Vallois G Mar 2013 - May 2013 Paris (11) +0
Exhibition Title

Nur Skulptur!

Kunsthalle Mannheim G Mar 2013 - Nov 2013 Mannheim (94) +0
Exhibition Title

Nouveau Réalisme

Luxembourg & Dayan - London G Jun 2012 - Aug 2012 London (16) +0
Max Ernst Museum Brühl S Jan 2012 - Jun 2012 Brühl (18) +0
Galerie Samuelis Baumgarte S Nov 2011 - Jan 2012 Bielefeld (84) +0
Städtische Galerie Bietigheim-Bissingen G Jul 2011 - Aug 2011 Bietigheim - Bissingen (110) +0
Espace Jean Tinguely - Niki de Saint-Phalle S May 2011 - Aug 2011 Fribourg (7) +0
Exhibition Title

Niki de Saint Phalle

 - 1930-2002 - Einige Skulpturen und Originalgraphik mit Collage
Galerie Dreiseitel S May 2011 - Jul 2011 Köln (73) +0
Brooklyn Museum of Art - BMA G Oct 2010 - Jan 2011 Brooklyn (488) +0
Essl Museum - Kunst der Gegenwart S May 2010 - Sep 2010 Klosterneuburg bei Wien (140) +0
Szöke, Anna (Curator)       +0
University of Arts G Jan 2010 - Mar 2010 Philadelphia (21) +0
Guy Pieters Gallery - Saint-Paul de Vence G Jul 2009 - Sep 2009 Saint-Paul de Vence (2) +0
Zachęta – Narodowa Galeria Sztuki G Sep 2008 - Nov 2008 Warszawa (60) +0
Tate Liverpool S Feb 2008 - May 2008 Liverpool (83) +0
Exhibition Title

Europop

Kunsthaus Zürich G Feb 2008 - May 2008 Zürich (589) +0
Sprengel Museum Hannover G Sep 2007 - Jan 2008 Hannover (195) +0
Exhibition Title

WACK!: Art and the Feminist Revolution

The Museum of Contemporary Art - MOCA - Los Angeles G Mar 2007 - Jul 2007 Los Angeles (52) +0
Weatherspoon Art Museum G Jan 2007 - Mar 2007 Greensboro (64) +0
Exhibition Title

Im kleinen Format

Galerie Scheffel G Nov 2006 - Jan 2007 Bad Homburg v.d.H. (141) +0
Exhibition Title

100 Jahre – 100 Köpfe. Das Jahrhundert moderner Skulptur

 - Stiftung Wilhelm Lehmbruck Museum - Zentrum internationaler Skulptur
Wilhelm Lehmbruck Museum G Sep 2006 - Jan 2007 Duisburg (238) +0
Exhibition Title

Figura

Galleria Tega G Nov 2005 - Dec 2005 Milano (31) +0
Sprengel Museum Hannover S Feb 2005 - Sep 2005 Hannover (195) +0
Kunsthalle Nürnberg S Oct 2004 - Jan 2005 Nürnberg (109) +0
Andrea Rosen G Jul 2004 - Aug 2004 New York (224) +0
Galerie Ariadne G Feb 2004 - Mar 2004 Wien (69) +0
Exhibition Title

Pontus Hulténs Samling…

Moderna Museet - Stockholm G Feb 2004 - Apr 2004 Stockholm (466) +0
Galerie Koch G Nov 2003 - Nov 2003 Hannover (76) +0
Exhibition Title

Nikis Welt - Die Geburt der Nanas

 - Die Kunst der Niki de Saint Phalle in den 60er Jahren im Sprengel-Museum, Hannover
Sprengel Museum Hannover S Aug 2003 - Nov 2003 Hannover (195) +0
Galerie Wild - Frankfurt a.M. G Jun 2003 - Sep 2003 Frankfurt am Main (71) +0
Tasende Gallery - La Jolla G Jun 2003 - Aug 2003 La Jolla (1) +0
Exhibition Title

c/o Bildmuseet i Umeå

Moderna Museet - Stockholm G May 2003 - Aug 2003 Stockholm (466) +0
Sprengel Museum Hannover S Dec 2002 - Apr 2003 Hannover (195) +0
Fischerplatz-Galerie S Sep 2002 - Oct 2002 Ulm (5) +0
Exhibition Title

5. Jahresausstellung

 - Eva und die Schlange
Kunstverein Bad Salzdetfurth G Jun 2002 - Sep 2002 Bad Salzdetfurth (14) +0
Galerie Proarta G Dec 2001 - Feb 2002 Zürich (39) +0
Galerie Kornfeld - Bern S Oct 2001 - Dec 2001 Bern (14) +0
Galerie Bodenschatz S Oct 2001 - Dec 2001 Basel (4) +0
Galerie Judith Walker - Schloß Ebenau G Jun 2001 - Aug 2001 Weizelsdorf / Rosental (3) +0
Galerie Roesinger G May 2001 - Jul 2001 Köln (18) +0
Gallery Delaive S May 2001 - Jun 2001 Amsterdam (27) +0
Galerie Bonnier G Feb 2001 - Apr 2001 Genève (9) +0
Exhibition Title

Hypermental

 - Wahnhafte Wirklichkeit 1950–2000. Von Salvador Dalí bis Jeff Koons
Hamburger Kunsthalle G Feb 2001 - May 2001 Hamburg (187) +0
Sprengel Museum Hannover S Nov 2000 - Feb 2001 Hannover (195) +0
Exhibition Title

Hypermental - Wahnhafte Wirklichkeit 1950–2000

 - Von Salvador Dalí bis Jeff Koons
Kunsthaus Zürich G Nov 2000 - Jan 2001 Zürich (589) +0
Joseph Rickards S Sep 2000 - Oct 2000 New York (13) +0
Kunsthalle Emden S Jul 2000 - Sep 2000 Emden (98) +0
Gimpel Fils S May 2000 - Jun 2000 London (36) +0
Galerie Het Cleyne Huys G Apr 2000 - Sep 2000 Den Haag (5) +0
Wilhelm-Hack-Museum S Mar 2000 - May 2000 Ludwigshafen (49) +0
Ferdinand van Dieten-d'Eendt G Jan 2000 - Feb 2000 Amsterdam (54) +0
Galerie Kühn Dahlem Dorf G Nov 1999 - Dec 1999 Berlin (Dahlem) (30) +0
Galerie Bonnier G Oct 1999 - Jan 2000 Genève (9) +0
Skirball Cultural Center S Oct 1999 - Nov 1999 Los Angeles (6) +0
Ulmer Museum S Sep 1999 - Nov 1999 Ulm (19) +0
Gallery Delaive S Oct 1998 - Nov 1998 Amsterdam (27) +0
Joseph Rickards G Jun 1998 - Jul 1998 New York (13) +0
Jonathan Novak Contemporary Art G May 1998 - May 1998 Los Angeles (1) +0
Galerie Bonnier S May 1998 - Jul 1998 Genève (9) +0
Essl Museum - Kunst der Gegenwart G May 1998 - Sep 1998 Klosterneuburg bei Wien (140) +0
Galerie Kühn Dahlem Dorf G Feb 1998 - Mar 1998 Berlin (Dahlem) (30) +0
Galerie Mesmer G Dec 1997 - Jan 1998 Basel (39) +0
Galerie Kornfeld S Nov 1997 - Nov 1997 Zürich (27) +0
Galerie Wild - Frankfurt a.M. G Oct 1997 - Feb 1998 Frankfurt am Main (71) +0
Exhibition Title

ZERO und Paris 1960

 - Und heute
Galerie der Stadt Esslingen - Villa Merkel G Oct 1997 - Dec 1997 Esslingen a.N. (65) +0
Wiehager, Renate (Curator)       +0
Galleria Fonte d'Abisso G Oct 1997 - Oct 1997 Milano (7) +0
Manus Presse GmbH G Sep 1997 - Dec 1997 Stuttgart - Möhringen (18) +0
Galerie Bonnier G Jul 1997 - Jul 1997 Genève (9) +0
Gallery Delaive G Jun 1997 - Jun 1997 Amsterdam (27) +0
Polveriera Guzman S Jun 1997 - Jun 1997 Orbetello - Grosseto (1) +0
Museum Ludwig G Jun 1997 - Aug 1997 Köln (111) +0
Artcurial G Mar 1997 - Apr 1997 München (7) +0
Arnolfini Gallery G Dec 1996 - Dec 1996 Bristol (36) +0
HDB Fine Arts G Dec 1996 - Dec 1996 Antwerp (1) +0
Fine Art Rafael Vostell S Nov 1996 - Nov 1996 Berlin (Charlottenburg) (26) +0
Artcurial G Nov 1996 - Dec 1996 München (7) +0
Artcurial G Jul 1996 - Aug 1996 München (7) +0
Kawamura Memorial DIC Museum of Art G Apr 1996 - May 1996 Sakura (60) +0
The Patricia & Phillip Frost Art Museum G Jan 1996 - Mar 1996 Miami (13) +0
Contemporary Arts Museum - CAMH G Jul 1995 - Sep 1995 Houston (342) +0
Scottsdale Museum of Contemporary Art - SMoCA G Nov 1994 - Jan 1995 Scottsdale (8) +0
Galerie & Edition Bode G May 1994 - Aug 1994 Nürnberg (22) +0
Galerie Wild - Frankfurt a.M. G May 1994 - Aug 1994 Frankfurt am Main (71) +0
Jamileh Weber G Jan 1994 - Jan 1994 Zürich (34) +0
Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris - MAM S Jun 1993 - Sep 1993 Paris (797) +0
Galerie Wild - Frankfurt a.M. G May 1993 - Aug 1993 Frankfurt am Main (71) +0
Galerie Wild - Frankfurt a.M. G Sep 1992 - Dec 1992 Frankfurt am Main (71) +0
Ludwig Museum Koblenz G Sep 1992 - May 1993 Koblenz (67) +0
Perrier, Danièle (Curator)       +0
Bundeskunsthalle S Jun 1992 - Nov 1992 Bonn (73) +0
Exhibition Title

Manifeste

 - 'Jalons' - Collections du Musée national d'art moderne et du Centre de Création Industrielle / Germain Viatte
Centre Pompidou - Musée National d'Art Moderne G Jun 1992 - Sep 1992 Paris (120) +0
Exhibition Title

DIE POP ART SHOW

Museum Ludwig G Jan 1992 - Apr 1992 Köln (111) +0
L.A. Louver Galleries G Aug 1990 - Sep 1990 Los Angeles - Venice / Santa Monica (368) +0
Exhibition Title

Europäische Skulptur der Zweiten Moderne

Wilhelm Lehmbruck Museum G Apr 1990 - May 1990 Duisburg (238) +0
Brockhaus, Christoph (Curator)       +0
Biennale di Venezia - France S Jun 1988 - Nov 1988 Venezia (11) +0
Exhibition Title

1960, Les nouveaux réalistes

Kunstmuseum Winterthur G Jan 1987 - Mar 1987 Winterthur (118) +0
Schwarz, Dieter (Curator)       +0
Exhibition Title

1960 Les nouveaux réalistes

Kunsthalle Mannheim G Sep 1986 - Jan 1987 Mannheim (94) +0
Buderer, Hans-Jürgen (Curator)       +0
Exhibition Title

42. Esposizione Internazionale d’Arte

 - Arte e Sienza - Colore - Colore, materia, segno
42. Biennale di Venezia G Jun 1986 - Sep 1986 Venezia (24) +0
Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris - MAM G May 1986 - Sep 1986 Paris (797) +0
Réveillaud-Chabert, Noëlle (Curator)       +0
Exhibition Title

1960 Les nouveaux réalistes

Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris - MAM G May 1986 - Sep 1986 Paris (797) +0
Lecombre, Sylvain (Curator)       +0
The Stuart Collection of Sculpture S Jan 1983 - Dec 1983 La Jolla / San Diego (14) +0
Exhibition Title

Les Nouveaux Réalistes

Galerie des Ponchettes - MAMAC G Jul 1982 - Sep 1982 Nice (5) +0
Restany, Pierre (Curator)       +0
Moderna Museet - Stockholm S Sep 1981 - Oct 1981 Stockholm (466) +0
Exhibition Title

Niki de Saint-Phalle

 - Retrospektive 1954-80
Haus am Waldsee S May 1981 - Jun 1981 Berlin (Zehlendorf) (185) +0
Exhibition Title

Westkunst

 - zeitgenössische Kunst seit 1939
Rheinhallen G May 1981 - Aug 1981 Köln (1) +0
Exhibition Title

Niki De Saint Phalle

 - Retrospektive 1954-80
Wilhelm Lehmbruck Museum S Oct 1980 - Nov 1980 Duisburg (238) +0
Exhibition Title

The figurative tradition and the Whitney Museum of American Art

 - Paintings and Sculpture from the Permanent Collection
Whitney Museum of American Art G Jun 1980 - Sep 1980 New York (179) +0
Exhibition Title

Weich und plastisch

 - Soft-Art
Kunsthaus Zürich G Nov 1979 - Feb 1980 Zürich (589) +0
S.M.A.K. Stedelijk Museum voor Actuele Kunst G Oct 1978 - Nov 1978 Gent (347) +0
Exhibition Title

Hammer-Ausstellung

Galerie Handschin G Sep 1978 - Oct 1978 Basel (50) +0
Exhibition Title

Paris - New York

Centre Pompidou - Musée National d'Art Moderne G Jun 1977 - Sep 1977 Paris (120) +0
Kunsthalle Bern S Feb 1971 - Apr 1971 Bern (447) +0
Exhibition Title

Surrealism?

 - surrealism x surrealism x surrealism = surrealism³
Malmö Konstmuseum G Jun 1970 - Jun 1970 Malmö (40) +0
Exhibition Title

Surrealism?

 - surrealism x surrealism x surrealism = surrealism³
Göteborgs Konsthall G Apr 1970 - May 1970 Göteborg (92) +0
Exhibition Title

Surrealism?

 - surrealism x surrealism x surrealism = surrealism³
Moderna Museet - Stockholm G Mar 1970 - Apr 1970 Stockholm (466) +0
Hanover Gallery S Dec 1969 - Jan 1970 London (52) +0
Exhibition Title

Niki de Saint-Phalle

Kunstmuseum Luzern S Jul 1969 - Sep 1969 Luzern (505) +0
Ammann, Jean-Christophe (Curator)       +0
Exhibition Title

N. de Saint-Phalle - J. Tinguely

Galerie Ad Libitum G Jun 1969 - Jun 1969 Antwerp (33) +0
Exhibition Title

Niki de Saint Phalle

 - Werke 1962–1968
Kunstverein Hannover S Mar 1969 - Apr 1969 Hannover (124) +0
Hanover Gallery S May 1968 - Jul 1968 London (52) +0
Exhibition Title

The Obsessive Image 1960-1968

ICA - Institute of Contemporary Arts G Apr 1968 - May 1968 London (191) +0
Exhibition Title

La Fureur poétique

 - Animation, recherche, confrontation
Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris - MAM G Mar 1967 - Apr 1967 Paris (797) +0
Moderna Museet - Stockholm G Jun 1966 - Sep 1966 Stockholm (466) +0
Exhibition Title

4. Donner à voir

 - José Pierre - J'enseigne ce que je ne sais pas'
Galerie Zunini G Jun 1966 - Jun 1966 Paris (15) +0
Exhibition Title

Weiss auf Weiss

Kunsthalle Bern G May 1966 - Jul 1966 Bern (447) +0
Exhibition Title

Greetings!

 - An exhibition of personal, seasonal and holiday greetings
Museum of Modern Art - MoMA (1/7) G Mar 1966 - May 1966 New York (1041) +0
Constantine, Mildred (Curator)       +0
Exhibition Title

La figuration narrative, dans l'art contemporain

Galerie Raymond Creuze G Oct 1965 - Oct 1965 Paris (31) +0
Exhibition Title

Edition MAT'64

Galerie Dorothea Loehr G Mar 1965 - Mar 1965 Frankfurt am Main (185) +0
Exhibition Title

Mythologies quotidiennes

Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris - MAM G Jul 1964 - Oct 1964 Paris (797) +0
Rancillac, Bernard (Curator)       +0
Dwan Gallery - LA S Jan 1964 - Jan 1964 Los Angeles (76) +0
Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam G Aug 1962 - Sep 1962 Amsterdam (188) +0
Sandberg, Willem [W.J.H.B. - Jonkheer Willem Jacob Henri Berend] (Curator)       +0
Exhibition Title

The Art of Assemblage

Museum of Modern Art - MoMA (1/7) G Oct 1961 - Nov 1961 New York (1041) +0
Exhibition Title

Bevægelse i kunsten

Louisiana Museum for moderne kunst G Sep 1961 - Oct 1961 Humlebæk (286) +0
Exhibition Title

Niki de Saint Phalle

Galerie Koepcke - Arthur Køpcke S Sep 1961 - Sep 1961 København K (42) +0
Exhibition Title

Rörelse i konsten

 - Moderna Museet Stockholm
Moderna Museet - Stockholm G May 1961 - Sep 1961 Stockholm (466) +0
Exhibition Title

Au 40° au dessus de Dada

galerie J G May 1961 - May 1961 Paris (1) +0
Exhibition Title

Bewogen Beweging

Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam G Mar 1961 - Apr 1961 Amsterdam (188) +0
Spoerri, Daniel [Daniel Isaac Feinstein] (Curator)       +0