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Exhibition Title

documenta I

documenta I

Jul - Sep 1955, Fridericianum, Kassel
Curator: Arnold Bode, Werner Haftmann
In 1955, the Kassel painter and academy professor Arnold Bode endeavored to bring Germany back into dialogue with the rest of the world after the end of World War II, and to connect the international art scene through a “presentation of twentieth century art.” He founded the “Society of Western Art of the 20th Century” in order to present art that had been deemed by the Nazis as degenerate as well as works from classical modernity that had never been seen in Germany in the destroyed Museum Fridericianum, Kassel.

documenta I took place Jul 15 - Sep 18 as part of the Bundesgartenschau (Federal Horticultural Show) which took place in Kassel at that time. It featured 144 artists, of whom many are generally considered to have had a significant influence on modern art, such as Pablo Picasso, Joan Miró, Paul Klee, Marc Sacharovitsch Chagall, Max Beckmann, Max Ernst, Henri Matisse, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Alexander Calder, Wassily Kandinsky, Henry Moore, Hans (Jean) Arp, Josef Albers, Georges Braque, Emil Nolde, Fernand Léger, Lyonel Feininger, Ernst Wilhelm Nay, Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, Otto Dix.